30. Vergil, Georgics 1.489-97 vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 30. Vergil, Georgics 1.489-97 vocabulary Deck (99):
1

abdûcô, -dûcere, -dûxî, -dûctum

take away, remove; take aside; abduct

2

aciês, -êî, f.

edge; sharpness of sight; line of battle

3

addô, -dere, -didî, -ditum

add, increase; bestow

4

arâtrum, -î, n.

plow

5

arvum, -î, n.

plowed land, field

6

aurîga, -ae, m.

charioteer

7

bis

twice

8

caelum, -î, n.

sky, heavens

9

campus, -î, m.

plain

10

carcer, -eris, m.

prison

11

colônus, -î, m.

settler, colonist

12

concurrô, -currere, -currî, -cursum

run together; crash; coincide

13

conflô (1)

blow together; light; effect, accomplish

14

currus, -ûs, m.

chariot

15

curvus, -a, -um

curved, bent

16

effodiô, effodere, effôdî, effosum

dig out; gouge out

17

effundô, -ere, -fûdî, -fûsum

pour out; abandon, waste

18

Êmathius, a, um

of Emathia (a district of Macedonia)

19

Êmathia, ae, f.

a region of Macedonia; Macedonia

20

ênsis, -is, m.

sword

21

equus, -î, m.

horse

22

êvertô, -ere, -vertî, -versus

overturn, overthrow

23

Euphrâtês, -is, m.

the Euphrates river

24

exedô, exesse, exêdî, exesum

eat up; prey on; wear away, corrode

25

faciês, -êî, f.

form, face, appearance

26

falx, falcis, f.

pruning hook

27

fâs, n. (indecl.)

divine right

28

frûstrâ

in vain

29

galea, -ae, f.

helmet

30

grandis, -e

full-grown; large

31

gravis, -e

heavy; severe; serious

32

habêna, -ae, f.

rein

33

Haemus or Haemos, -î, m.

a mountain range in Thrace

34

hinc

hence, from here

35

illinc

from there, thence

36

incurvus, -a, -um

crooked, curved

37

indiges, indigetis

indigenous, native; m. native god, hero

38

inveniô, -îre, -vênî, -ventus

find

39

invideô, -êre, -vîdî, -vîsum

envy, begrudge

40

iterum

again, for the second time

41

Lâomedontêus or Lâomedontius, a, um

Trojan (Laomedon was the father of Priam)

42

luô, -ere, -î

wash; purge; pay for, expiate; suffer for; avert by expiation

43

Mars, Martis, m.

Mars; war

44

môlior, -îrî, -îtus

strive (to accomplish); contrive, attempt, plan

45

nê ... quidem

not even

46

nefâs (indecl.)

wickedness, wrong

47

neque (or nec)

and not, nor

48

os, ossis, n.

bone

49

palâtium, -iî, n.

the Palatine hill; palace

50

periûrium, -î, n.

a breach of an oath, false oath, perjury

51

Philippî, -ôrum, m.

a city in Macedonia (where Octavian and Antony defeated Brutus and Cassius)

52

pîlum, -î, n.

javelin

53

pîla, -ae, f.

a pillar

54

pila, -ae, f.

a ball; a ball game; a ballot

55

pinguescô, pinguescere

get fat; become fertile

56

(iam) prîdem

long since, long ago

57

* prohibeô, -êre, -hibuî, -hibitus *

prevent

58

pulsô (1)

beat, batter

59

quadrîga, ae, f. pl.

four-horse team; chariot

60

* queror, querî, questus *

complain

61

quippe (adv)

of course, certainly, indeed

62

rastrum, -î, n. (pl usually rastri, i.e. masc.)

a hoe

63

rêgius, a, um

of a king, regal

64

regia, -ae, f.

palace

65

retinâculum, -î, n.

that which holds back or binds, a tether, rope; bond, chain

66

rigidus, -a, -um

rigid, stiff

67

rôbîgô, -îginis, f.

rust, blight

68

* rumpô, -ere, rûpî, ruptus *

burst, break

69

saeculum (saeclum), -(u)lî, n.

generation, age; the present time

70

saeviô, -îre, -îvî (-iî), -îtum

rage, be savage

71

saltem

at least

72

sanguis, -inis, m.

blood

73

satis, n. (also adverb)

enough

74

sata, ôrum, n. pl.

crops

75

scaber, scabra, scabrum

itchy; rough

76

scelus, -eris, n.

crime

77

scîlicet

of course, I suppose

78

sepulcrum (sepulchrum), -î, n.

tomb

79

spatium, -î, n.

distance

80

squâleô, -êre, -uî

be rough, be covered with filth; be overgrown with weeds; wear mourning clothes

81

* succurrô, -currere, -currî, -cursum *

run under; run to help; be good against; occur, come into the mind

82

superus, a, um

upper; of this world

83

supera, superôrum, n. pl.

upper world; sky; heavenly bodies

84

tam

so (to such a degree)

85

têlum, -î, n.

weapon, missile

86

têla, -ae, f.

web; the warp of a loom (i.e. the lengthwise threads); yarn beam; loom

87

tempus, -oris, n.

time

88

* tendô, -ere, tetendî, tentus or tênsus *

stretch, strain; bend one’s course; aim at, endeavor; set up tents, encamp

89

Tiberis, -is, m (also Tibris, Tyrbis, Thybris, -idis), m.

the Tiber

90

tot

so many

91

tot ... quot

as many ... as

92

triumphus, -î, m.

a triumph, triumphal procession

93

Troia (Trôia), -ae, f.

Troy

94

Tuscus, a, um

Etruscan

95

* vertô, -ere, vertî, versus *

turn

96

versus, -ûs, m.

a turning; verse; line of poetry

97

vîcînus, a, um

neighboring, nearby

98

* videô, -êre, vîdî, vîsus *

see; in passive usually “seem”

99

ûllus, a, um

any