4: Deliberate self harm and suicide Flashcards Preview

Psychiatry Week 2 2018/19 > 4: Deliberate self harm and suicide > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4: Deliberate self harm and suicide Deck (32)
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1

What phrase should you use instead of attempted suicide?

Deliberate self harm

2

How common is psychiatric illness in people who

a) deliberately self harm

b) complete suicide?

a) Less common

b) More common

3

(Men / women) have a greater suicide risk.

Men

4

Which groups in society have a greater suicide risk?

Poor and disadvantaged

5

Which UK country has the highest suicide rate?

Scotland

6

Men tend to choose more ___ methods of suicide.

violent

7

How are methods of suicide made less attractive by the government?

Inconvenience

e.g not being able to buy tons of paracetamol at once

8

Suicide rates are higher in (rural / urban) areas.

urban

9

At what time of year are suicide rates greater?

Spring

10

At what time of year are suicide rates lower?

Winter

11

Why are suicide rates thought to be higher in the spring?

Sense of alienation for depressives

weather is improving but they feel the same (or worse)

12

Suicide rates are higher for people born when?

Spring

unsure why

13

How does marital status affect suicide rate?

Married people are less likely to commit suicide

People who have been recently separated or widowed are more likely to commit suicide

14

Which jobs are associated with a greater suicide risk?

Why?

Farmers

Doctors

Vets

Armed Forces

Access to the means of carrying it out

15

Why did suicide rates increase in 2007?

Recession

16

The greater the ___ of a suicide method, the greater the suicide rate by that method.

availability

17

Which group of chronic diseases have the greatest effect on suicide risk?

Chronic disabling neurological diseases

Parkinson's disease, MND...

18

Social ___ increases your risk of suicide.

alienation

19

What is the association between religious beliefs and suicide?

Decreased risk of suicide

suicide is a sin in many religions

20

How do we know that suicide has a genetic component?

Twin studies show concordance

21

Suicide has a strong ___ component.

genetic

22

Which mood stabiliser has a protective effect against suicide?

Lithium

23

Why is the male suicide rate greater than the female suicide rate?

Women have better support networks than men - social cohesion

Suicide methods chosen by males are more violent - more likely to be successful

24

Which age group is at greater risk of deliberate self harm?

Young people (15 - 30)

25

What is the most common method of non-fatal deliberate self harm?

Poisoning

26

What is the strongest risk factor for suicide completion?

Previous deliberate self harm

27

What is the biggest risk factor for suicide?

Hx deliberate self harm

28

Can you 100% predict that a patient will attempt suicide?

No

29

What does ambivalence mean?

Mixed feelings on something

30

A patient who has self-harmed or wishes to should be asked about what?

Timeline of events - what's happened, trigger

Self harm - what have they done

Mental state