What is a
a) People involved don't know one another
b) People involved are in the same community
What is Type 1 trauma?
Single event, unexpected, life changing
What is Type 2 trauma?
Repetitive, ongoing trauma
e.g betrayal of trust in a caring relationship, being a hostage, ongoing abuse...
People who experience Type 2 trauma are more at risk of which psychiatric disorder?
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Patients admitted to ___ ___ may develop PTSD.
Which groups in society are much more likely to be victims of major incidents?
Which psychiatric disorders may have a background of childhood trauma?
How is childhood trauma addressed in patients with depression or bipolar disorder?
Why are anxiety and fear helpful in controlled episodes?
The freeze response to a distant threat is (voluntary / involuntary).
What type of freeze response occurs in response to an inescapable threat?
Involuntary, associated with increased pain threshold, thought to increased survival
In which modern context may tonic immobility occur due to an inescapable threat?
Where in the brain do instinctual freeze responses originate?
What is the emotional reaction to a traumatic event?
Intense fear, helplessness or horror
What is the official definition of a traumatic event?
Experience of threat of death or serious injury (self/others)
What is the primary cause of PTSD?
The traumatic event
What are some normal responses to trauma?
Fear, numbness, hopelessness