What bonds are used in starch to form branches?
Lactose is made of what two monosaccarides?
Glucose and Galactose
What are two examples of Oligosaccharides given in the material?
Glycolipids and Glycoproteins
Where might sugar esters be found?
The gangliosides in an oligodendrocyte (nervous system)
Starch is made up of what two polysaccharides?
Amylose (no branching) and Amylopectin (branching every 12-20 residues)
What are Acetylated Amino Sugars used for in a cell?
Cell signaling, cell adhesion, immuno response. (Think N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine for a popular example)
How often does glycogen branch?
Every 6-10 residues
What are two common omega-6 fatty acids?
Arachidonate and Linoleic acid
What can cause Gallstones?
Nonideal bile composition (including too much cholesterol and too little bile salts)
What is a common omega-3 fatty acid?
What is Deoxyaldose found in?
Component of DNA
What might sugar alcohols be used for?
Food additives / Artificial Sweeteners.
What are isoprenoids synthesized from? (and what intermediate is used?)
Acetyl CoA via IPP (Isopentenyl pyrophosphate)
What range is considered normal for blood glucose?
70-100 mg/dl - Fasting ≤ 140 mg/dl - Fed