4. DSA Biomolecules Flashcards Preview

MCM Test 1 > 4. DSA Biomolecules > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4. DSA Biomolecules Deck (14):
1

What bonds are used in starch to form branches?

alpha 1-6

2

Lactose is made of what two monosaccarides?

Glucose and Galactose

3

What are two examples of Oligosaccharides given in the material?

Glycolipids and Glycoproteins

4

Where might sugar esters be found?

The gangliosides in an oligodendrocyte (nervous system)

5

Starch is made up of what two polysaccharides?

Amylose (no branching) and Amylopectin (branching every 12-20 residues)

6

What are Acetylated Amino Sugars used for in a cell?

Cell signaling, cell adhesion, immuno response. (Think N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine for a popular example)

7

How often does glycogen branch?

Every 6-10 residues

8

What are two common omega-6 fatty acids?

Arachidonate and Linoleic acid

9

What can cause Gallstones?

Nonideal bile composition (including too much cholesterol and too little bile salts)

10

What is a common omega-3 fatty acid?

Linolenic acid

11

What is Deoxyaldose found in?

Component of DNA

12

What might sugar alcohols be used for?

Food additives / Artificial Sweeteners.

13

What are isoprenoids synthesized from? (and what intermediate is used?)

Acetyl CoA via IPP (Isopentenyl pyrophosphate)

14

What range is considered normal for blood glucose?

70-100 mg/dl - Fasting ≤ 140 mg/dl - Fed