4.3-1 Flashcards Preview

Biology vocabulary > 4.3-1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4.3-1 Deck (29)
1

estrogen

 

n. 名詞 【生化】雌(甾)激素

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estradiol

雌二醇

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testosterone

睪固酮

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steroid

n. 名詞 【生化】類固醇

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hydroxyl group

烴基 (-OH)

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carbonyl group

羰基

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carboxyl group

羧基

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amino group

胺基

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sulfhydryl group

硫氫基

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phosphate group

磷酸基

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methyl group

甲基

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alcohol

醇類

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ethanol

乙醇

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ketone

n. 名詞 【化】酮 carbonyl group is within a carbon skeleton

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aldehyde

醛 carbonyl group is at the end of a carbon skeleton

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acetone

丙酮(最簡單的酮類)

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propanal

丙醛

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carboxylic acid

羧酸

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acetic acid

醋酸

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amine

胺類

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phosphate

n.[U][C] 磷酸鹽(或酯) 磷肥[P1] 磷酸果汁汽水

22

confer

vt. 及物動詞 授予(學位等)[(+on/upon)] Diplomas were conferred on the students who had completed all courses of study . 修完全部課程的學生被授予畢業證書。 給予,賦予 vi. 不及物動詞 商談,協商[(+with/on)] They conferred on the best way to expand business . 他們商議擴展業務的最好方法。

23

adenosine triphosphate

腺核苷三磷酸 (ATP)

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adenosine

n. 名詞 【化】(得自酵母核酸的)腺甘酸

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adenosine diphosphate

腺核苷二磷酸 (ADP)

26

append

vt. 及物動詞 添附,附加[(+to)] A new clause was appended to the treaty . 條約上附加了一項新條款。 貼上,掛上[(+to)] 簽(名),蓋(章)[(+to)] The president appended his signature to his written statement . 總統在他的書面聲明上簽了字。

27

virtuoso

n. 名詞 藝術愛好者;古董收藏家 藝術大師;音樂名手 a. 形容詞 藝術愛好者(或鑑賞家)的;行家裡手的

28

lipid

n. 名詞

 

【生化】脂質

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