Containing carbon atoms joined together in a ring that is not aromatic
Containing carbon atoms joined together in straight or branched chains
The hydocarbon homologous series with single carbon-carbon bonds.
General formula = CnH2n+2
A side chain formed by removing a hydrogen atom removed from an alkane parent chain, for example, CH3, C2H5. Any alkyl group is often shown as R.
A compound that contains one or more benzene rings
A formula showing the relative positioning of all the atoms in a molecule and the bonds between them
The formula that shows the simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element present in a compound
The part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical reactions
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous series
A series of organic compounds with the same functional group but with each successive member differing by CH2.
The breaking of a covalent bond with one of the bonded electrons going to each atom forming 2 radicals
The breaking of a covalent bond with both of the bonded electrons going to each atom, forming a cation and a anion.
A compound containing hydrogen and carbon atoms only
Formula that shows the actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule/compound
A species with an unpaired electron
Contains single bonds only
Containins a multiple carbon-carbon bond (e.g. a C=C bond)
A simplified organic formula, with hydrogen atoms removed from alkyl chains, leaving just a carbon skeleton and associated functional groups
A formula showing the minimal detail for the arrangements of atoms in a molecule
Molecules with the same molecular formula but with different structural formulae
A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is replaced with a different atom or group of atoms