4th year ERA Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4th year ERA Deck (9):
1

Frequency of anaemia in older age?

Common- around 10-20%

2

Low MCV suggests...

Iron deficiency- thalassaemia unlikely to present in old age

3

Common causes of iron deficiency anaemia in an older population?

Coeliac disease
Bowel cancer
Gastritis/ulcers

4

Why should b12 and folate still be checked even if the MCV is low?

May be a "mixed picture" anaemia with combined B12/folate/iron deficiency

5

Thrombolysis in MI is indicated up until what time limit?

12 hours- maximum benefit if given within 6

6

What drugs are associated with the development of complete heart block?

Anti-arrythmics like beta blockers, digoxin, calcium channel blockers

7

Drugs that can cause tremor?

Sodium valproate, lithium, caffeine, salbutamol, neuroleptic drugs among others

8

COX-2 selective inhibitors (the -coxibs such as celecoxib) are associated with what adverse events?

Thrombotic events e.g. stroke, limb ischaemia

9

How is IV paracetamol prescribed if the patient is under 50kg?

15mg/kg up to a maximum of 60mg/kg/day