Falls Flashcards Preview

Ageing > Falls > Flashcards

Flashcards in Falls Deck (9):
1

Reasons why older people fall

Reduced reaction time
Poorer vision
Sarcopenia
Diminished proprioception
Diminshed fitness

2

Key cardiac causes of falls

Arrythmias
Orthostatic hypotension
Carotid stenosis
Valvular diseases
Carotid sinus syndrome

3

Key neurological causes

Parkinson's
Dementia
Lumbar stenosis
Peripheral neuropathy

4

Common drugs which increase risk

Benzodiazapenes
Antihypertensives
Anticholinergics
Class 1A anti-arrythmics

5

Aspects of clinical examination of falls

Cognitive assessment
Gait/balance assessment
Neuro exam
Postural BP, pulse, CVS
Visual acuity

6

Berg test

tests balance

7

Tinetti score

Performance Orientated Mobility Assessment- assesses balance and gait

8

Strongest evidence for preventing falls

Strength and balance training (3 times x12 weeks)

9

TUG

Timed up and go test