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Flashcards in 5] Hematologic Deck (30)
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1

Hematologic disease are disorders of?

RBC
WBC
Platelet
Coagulation

2

Disorders of RBCs (3)

Anemia
Polycythemia
Sickle cell anemia

3

Disorders of WBCs (3)

Leukocytosis
Leukopenia
Leukemia

4

Platelet disorders (2)

Thrombocytopenia
Thrombocytosis

5

Coagulation disorder

Hemophilia

6

Risk factors for hemat disorder

Meds
Surgery
Hypercoagulable conditions
Thromboembolism
Others vary

7

Exertion signs and Sx for hemat

Chest pain
Dyspnea
Palpitations
Weakness
Fatigue

8

5 general signs and Sx categories for hemat

Exertion
Skin and fingernail
Neuro
Stool
Infections

9

Skin and finger signs and Sx for hemat

Observe
Pallor
Cyanosis
Clubbing
Bruising/bleeding

10

Neuro signs and Sx for hemat

Headache
Drowsy
Syncope
Dizzy
Polyneuropathy

11

Define anemia

reduction in oxygen-carrying capacity of blood due to abnormal quality/quantity of RBCs

12

Hemoglobin level for men

Less than 14 g/100ml

13

Hemoglobin level for women

Less than 12 g/100ml

14

Etiology of anemia

Excessive blood loss
Increased destruction of RBCs
Decreased production of RBCs

15

Is anemia a disease

No

16

• A symptom of other disorders
• Chronic blood loss
• Dietary deficiency
• Chronic disease (RA, neoplasm, SLE, infection, etc.)
• Complication of chemotherapy

Anemia

17

Population affected with anemia

Post op b/c of blood loss
Occult
Excessive iron loss through sweat
Female

18

Signs and sx of anemia (6)

Pallor
Fatigue
DOE
Angina
Low diastolic BP
CNS changes

19

Headache, dizziness,
syncope, drowsiness,
depression, slow thought
processes, polyneuropathy

CNS changes for anemia

20

Additional signs and sx for anemia (4)

Nail bed changes
Pale and warm palms
Conjunctive and oral mucous: maybe pale and yellow
Decreased exercise tolerance

21

Koionychia

Nail bed changes

22

Sickle cell disease is what type?

Inherited, autosomal, recessive

23

What is sickle cell anemia, define

Abnormal form of gB

24

RBC shape: altered
• Chronic hemolytic anemia
• Vaso-occlusion

Sickle cell anemia

25

Risk factors for sickle cell

Ancestry - Africa, india, Saudi, Mediterranean

26

Signs and Sx of sickle cell

Pain: damaged tissue b/c of clots
Low grade fever
Other body systems impacted

27

Thrombocytopenia
• Platelet count:

Less than 150,000/cc blood

28

Etiology of thrombocytopenia

Decreased production
Accelerated platelet destruction
Sequestration in the spleen

29

Complications of thrombo

Neoplasm: leukemia, metastatic
Chemotherapy
Aspirin & NSAID use

30

Signs and Sx for thrombo

Bleeding: mucosa