5th Grade - SCIENCE - TEST Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5th Grade - SCIENCE - TEST Chapter 3 Deck (119):
1

Three forms of matter

solid, liquid or gas

2

You can use ______ displacement to find the volume of a set of keys

water

3

A ______ is a scientific instrument that measures mass.

balance

4

_______ measures the amount of matter in a certain space

Density

5

The amount of space substance takes up

volume

6

the amount of material in a substance

mass

7

two or more substances that are physically combined

mixture

8

the amount of force that gravity places on matter

weight

9

anything that has volume

matter

10

A ____ freezes as it changes into a solid

liquid

11

When a liquid changes into gas it _________

vaporizes

12

______ refers to the ability of a solvent to dissolve a certain amount of solute

solubility

13

This happens when a gas changes into a liquid

vaporization

14

This is a change in matter that does not form a new substance

physical change

15

When a solid changes into a liquid it does this

melts

16

This happens when two or more elements or compounds combine to form a new substance

chemical change

17

All matter is made up small particles called

atoms

18

This is formed when atoms of different elements combine

compound

19

This has a definite volume and a definite shape

solid

20

This has a definite volume but not a definite shape

liquid

21

This has no definite volume or shape

gas

22

This is a mixture in which all the substances are spread evenly throughout

solution

23

Matter that is made up of only one kind of atom

element

24

A substance that is dissolved in another substance

solute

25

This refer to the amount of solute that is dissolved in the solvent

concentration

26

____ is anything that has volume and has mass

matter

27

_____ is the amount of space a substance takes up

volume

28

A standard unit of metric measurement for measuring the amount of soft drink in a bottle

liter

29

The formula for measuring the volume a box takes up

length x width x height

30

____ is a method for measuring the volume of a shovelful or gravel

water displacement

31

The amount of clay and other material in a brick is the brick's ______

mass

32

______ measures the amount of force gravity places on matter

weight

33

The mass of brick will increase when ______

more material is added

34

A cat that weighs 18 lbs on the Earth would weigh about 3 lbs on the moon because of the change in _______

gravity

35

Weight can change when there are changes in location or ________

mass

36

Define matter

anything that has volume and mass

37

Define volume

the amount of space a substance takes up

38

Define mass

the amount of material in a substance

39

Define weight

the amount of force gravity places on matter

40

Define density

the amount of matter (mass) in a certain space (volume)

41

We use a ________ to measure the volume of a liquid

graduated container

42

The volume of irregularly shaped objects, such as rocks, can be measured using

water displacement

43

An instrument called a ________ is usually used to measure mass

balance

44

Explain how you would use water displacement to measure the volume of a rock

1. Record the level of water in a graduated container.2. Place the rock in the container and record the new level of water.3. Record the difference between the beginning water level and the water level after the rock was added.

45

What is the difference between mass and weight?

Mass measures the amount of matter or material in a substance. Weight measures the amount of force gravity places on matter.

46

Two boxes are identical in size and shape. One box contains cotton candy the other licorice. Which is easier to carry?

The box with cotton candy. Cotton candy is less dense than licorice.

47

All matter is made up of tiny particles that are always in motion that _____ each other

attract

48

A physical change is a change in matter that does not form a new ______

substance

49

When ice cream melts and changes from a solid to a liquid, it does not lose or gain ______

matter

50

The temperature at which a solid changes into a liquid is called _____

melting point

51

Different solid _______ have different melting points and boiling points

substances

52

Ice melts at this temperature

0 degrees Celsius and 32 degrees Fahrenheit

53

Melted chocolate turns into a ____ when it is left at a cool room temperature

solid

54

Any liquid that changes to solid is said to _____ or solidify even is the liquid has not been put into a freezer

freeze

55

The temperature at which vaporization occurs throughout a liquid is called its ______ point

boiling point

56

Water boils at this temperature

100 degrees Celsius and 212 degrees Fahrenheit

57

When a substance changes from a liquid to a gas at a temperature below its boiling point _______ occurs

evaporation

58

The temperature at which a gas turns to liquid is called its ________ point

condensation

59

A characteristic of a substance that can be observed without changing the identity of the substance is a called a ___________

physical property

60

One physical property of matter is its state of matter, whether it is a solid, liquid or _______

gas

61

This has a definite volume, but not a definite shape

liquid

62

This has no definite volume or shape

gas

63

This has a definite volume and shape

solid

64

When a liquid changes to a gas

vaporization

65

When a gas changes to a liquid

condensation

66

When a liquid changes to a solid

freezing

67

When a solid changes to liquid

melting

68

What is physical change?

It is a change in a matter that does not form a new substance

69

Give one example of a physical change

Ice cream melts into liquid

70

When too much water is added to a powdered lemonade mix, the drink (solution) will taste weak and is _____

diluted

71

When too little water is added to a powdered lemonade drink, the drink (solution) will taste strong and is ______

concentrated

72

Sugar will dissolve in hot tea more quickly than in cold tea. Heat increases the _____ of a solvent

solubility

73

A teaspoon of sugar crystals ___ faster than a sugar cube does. The surface area of the solute is greater with the sugar crystals than with the sugar cube.

dissolves

74

A snack mix of peanuts, pretzels, and popcorn is a ____ that can be separated by appearance and the size of its parts

mixture

75

Oil-and-vinegar salad dressing is a mixture that ____ into different layers by density

separates

76

Different shapes of pasta may be separated by ____ properties, such as appearance

physical

77

Too much sugar is added to a glass of iced tea and collects on the bottom of the glass after being stirred. The solution is _____ with sugar.

saturated

78

The detergent used in a dishwasher is a _____ that is dissolved by water

solute

79

Water is considered a ________ solvent because it can dissolve so many substances. Pure water is extremely rare.

universal

80

Two or more substances that are physically combined form a _____

mixture

81

A mixture in which all substances are spread evenly throughout is called a _______

solution

82

A substance that is dissolved is called a ______

solute

83

A substance that dissolves another substance is called a _______

solvent

84

What is "concentration"?

The measure of the amount of solute that is dissolved in a solvent

85

What is "saturated"?

The term that describes the condition of a solvent that is holding all of the solute that it can dissolve

86

What is "solubility"

The term for the ability of a solvent to dissolve a certain amount of a solute

87

When a solvent holds more than the normal amount of solute, the solution is ______

concentrated

88

When the solvent holds less than the normal amount of solute, the solution is _____

diluted

89

List 4 ways you can separate a mixture using its physical properties.

1. by appearance2. by size of its parts3. by density4. by vaporization

90

amount of space a substance takes up

volume

91

amount of material in a substance

mass

92

two or more substances that are physically combined

mixture

93

amount of force that gravity places on matter

weight

94

anything that has volume and mass

matter

95

3 forms matter can be in

solid, liquid or gas

96

You could use ________ to find the volume of the set of keys

water displacement

97

A _________ is a scientific instrument that measures mass

a balance

98

Density measures the amount of _____ in a certain space

matter

99

A characteristic of a substance that can be observed without changing the identity of the substance is called a _______

physical property

100

A liquid ______ as it changes into a solid

freezes

101

_____ occurs when a liquid changes into a gas

vaporization

102

Refers to the ability of a solvent to dissolve a certain amount of solute

Solubility

103

Occurs when gas changes to a liquid

condensation

104

This is a change in matter that does not form a new substance

physical change

105

Occurs when a solid changes into a liquid

melts

106

Occurs when two or more elements or compounds combine to form a new substance

chemical change

107

All matter is made up of small particles called _______

atoms

108

This is formed when atoms of different elements combine

compound

109

A ____ has a definite volume and shape

solid

110

A ____ has a definitevolume, but not definited shape

liquid

111

A _____ has do definition volume or shape

gas

112

A _____ is a mixture in which all the substances are spread evenly throughout

solution

113

Matter that is made of up only one kind of atom is called an _____

element

114

A substance that is dissoved in another substance is called a _____

solute

115

A subtance that dissolves another substance is called a ____

solvent

116

This refers to the amount of solute that is dissovled in a solvent

concentration

117

True or False: a graduated container measures the weight of a liquid

FALSE

118

True or False: Placing water into the freezer to make ice cubes is an example of a chemical change

FALSE

119

True or False: Every molecule of a compound is different

FALSE