6/8- Bullying Flashcards Preview

Term 5: Behavioral Science > 6/8- Bullying > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6/8- Bullying Deck (39):

When does bullying peak in the US?

Middle school

- Going into 6th grade (into middle school)

- Coming out of 8th grade (out of middle school)


What is bullying?

Aggressive behavior that is intentional, repeated over time, and involves and imbalance of power or strength


What is cyberbullying?

One child or teen harasses another child or teen using electronic media


What is cyberharrassment?

An adult harasses a child or teen on electronic media


What are some myths about bullying?

It is just a stage, a normal part of life

- Bullying is NOT normal or socially acceptable

You should just stand up for yourself and hit them back

- May sometimes be forced to defend themselves, but hitting back typically makes bullying worse; also 0 tolerance policies

Bullying often resolves itself when you ignore it

- Ignoring the bullying teaches students who bully that they can bully others without consequences


Characteristics of a bully?

- Externalizing behaviors

- Trouble resolving problems with others

- Has trouble academically

- Negative attitudes and beliefs about others

- Feels negatively toward him/herself

- Can have inflated sense of self


Characteristics of a victim?

- Internalizing behaviors

- Lacks social skills

- Thinks negative thoughts

- Experiences difficulties in solving social problems


Characteristics of a bully-victim?

- Internalizing and externalizing behaviors

- Negative attitudes and beliefs about self and others

- Trouble with social interaction

- Does not have good social problem-solving skills

- Performs poorly academically

- Rejected and isolated by peers

- Negatively influenced by the peers group


Most of ___ (age group) experience bullying worldwide?

Majority of 13 year olds worldwide experience bullying


__% of US students experience bullying

33% of US students experience bullying



__% of male students are bullies

__% of male students are victims


__% of female students are bullies

__% of female students are victims


22% of male students are bullies

24% of male students are victims


15% of female students are bullies

19% of female students are victims


Major types of bullying (and %)? Ex?

More in girls or boys?

Physical (21%): hitting, punching, shoving

- Boys > girls

Verbal (54%): name-calling, harsh teasing

- Boys > girls

Social (relational) (51%): spreading rumors, leaving people out on purpose, breaking up friendships

- Girls > boys

Cyberbullying (14%): using the internet, mobile phones or other digital technologies to harm others; especially awful b/c kids can't get away

- Boys > girls

[percentages are for 6th-10th graders)


Other forms of bullying?

- Racism

- Sexism

- Classism

- Ageism

- Xenophobia

- Homophobia

- Religious intolerance

- People with disabilities


Risk factors for bullying?

- Society

- Community

- Family

- Individual


Do bullies typically have high or low self-esteem?

Bullies may have either high or low self-esteem, they just don't place value on other people


Individual risk factors for being a bully?

- Middle school transition

- Poor/superior social skills

- Conduct problems

- Depression


Individual risk factors for victim?

- Ethnic or religious minority


- Poor social skills

- Poor school performance

- Disability

- Depression


Peer group risk factors?

Friends who bully

- "Birds of a feather flock together"

- Peer group phenomenon


- Strongest predictor of bullying and victimization

- Anti-social behaviors (vandalism, gangs, weapons)

Alcohol/drug use:

- Aggressive bullying

- Lifetime alcohol and drug use


Family risk factors?

- Low family cohesion

- Little warmth

- Absent fathers

- High power needs

- Physical abuse

- Domestic abuse

- Permit aggression

- Physical abuse

- Poor family functioning

- Authoritative parenting

- Hostile mothers

- Powerless mothers

- Uninvolved parents

* If you live in a family that allows intolerance


Community risk factors: neighborhoods?

Higher bullying risk:

- Unsafe

- Violent

- Disorganized

Lower bullying risk:

- Safe

- Connected


Community risk factors: schools?

Classroom factors:

- Negative peer friendships

- Poor teacher-student relationships

- Lack of self-control

- Poor problem-solving

Misinformed teachers

Unsupportive or punitive school climate

Academic disengagement

Lack of school belonging

Adults fail to act


Societal risk factors: media?

- Media violence correlates with aggression and antisocial behavior

- Dose of playing mature video games predicts greater risk of being a bully in middle schoolers

- Violent video games correlate with higher rates of aggression


Societal risk factors: intolerance?

- Homophobia

- Sexism

- Racism

- Classism

- Ageism

- Religious intolerance

- Xenophobia


Warning signs of bullying (being a bully)?

- Becomes violent with others

- Gets into physical/verbal fights with others

- Gets sent to principal's office or detention a lot

- Has extra money or new belongings that cannot be explained

- Is quick to blame others

- Will not accept responsibility for their actions

- Has friends who bully others

- Needs to win or be best at everything


Warning signs of bullying (being a victim)?

- Comes home with damaged or missing clothing or other belongings

- Reports losing items such as books, electronics, clothing, or jewelry

- Loses interest in school work or begins to do poorly in school

- Has unexplained injuries

- Complains frequently of headaches, stomachaches, or feeling sick

- Has trouble sleeping or has frequent bad dreams

- Is afraid of going to school or other activities with peers


Outcomes of being a bully? being a victim? being a bystander?


- If a kid was a bully in the 6th grade, there was a 60% chance of having a criminal conviction by the age of 24 (?)

- Childhood bullies often grow up to be perpetrators of domestic abuse or workplace bullies


- Higher chances of anxiety and depression


- Higher chances of anxiety and depression


What is workplace bullying?

One person or group of people in a workplace single out another person for unreasonable, embarrassing, or intimidating treatment

- Authority figure who feels threatened by the victim

- Immature co-worker Hostile work-environment


__% of workers have experienced bullying firsthand

- __% of bullies are men

- __% of targets are women

- __% of bullying is same-gender harassment

35% of workers have experienced bullying firsthand

62% of bullies are men

- 58% of targets are women

- 68% of bullying is same-gender harassment


Outcomes of workplace bullying?

- 40% quite their job

- 71% sought medical treatment (CV problems)

- 63% sought mental health treatment (anxiety, panic attacks, depression, PTSD, contemplation of suicide)


Types of adults who bully?

- Narcissistic adult bully: self-centered, no empathy

- Impulsive adult bully: spontaneous, no restraint

- Physical adult bully: threaten harm, steal property

- Verbal adult bully: start rumors, use sarcasm, demean

- Secondary adult bully: does not initiate but joins in


Examples of workplace bullying?

- Shouting/swearing at employee or otherwise verbally abusing him/her

- One employee being singled out for unjustified criticism or blame

- An employee being excluded from company activities

- Having his or her work or contributions purposefully ignored

- Language or actions that embarrass or humiliate an employee

- Practical jokes, especially if they occur repeatedly to the same person


Consequences/outcomes for the bully?

- Higher risk of abusing alcohol and other drugs

- More likely to get into fights, vandalize property, and drop out of school

- More likely to engage in early sexual activity

- More likely to have low job status as adults

- More likely to have criminal convictions and traffic citations as adults (60% of male bullies in middle school had a criminal conviction by age 24)

- More likely to abuse other as adults (romantic partners, spouses, children)


Consequences/outcomes for the victim?

- Higher risk of depression and anxiety

- Increased risk of suicidality (bullycide- suicide caused from the results of bullying)

- More health complaints

- Increased risk of academic deterioration

- More likely to have violent retaliation


Consequences/outcomes for the bystander?

- Have increased use of tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs

- Have increased mental health problems, including depression and anxiety

- Are more likely to miss or skip school


Societal cost of bullying?

- Missed school days (8% of middle school kids skipped 1+ day for fear of bullying)

- Medical costs

- Mental health

- School drop out

- Workplace bullying (lost time/productivity)


Methods to stop bullying in schools? What doesn't work?

What works:

- Focus on school social environment (asses bullying in the school)

- Garner staff and parent support (train staff in bullying prevention)

- Intervene consistently and appropriately

- Focus on weekly bullying prevention activities

What doesn't work:

- Zero tolerance policies (may discourage students from reporting)

- Conflict resolution and peer mediation (sends mixed message to bully and victim)

- Group treatment for bullies (behaviors may worsen with peer modeling)


Who do you call if child is suicidal from bullying?

911- ask for mental health officer


What are the 4 domains of pediatrician skills for AAP policy statement on youth violence prevention?

- Clinical practice

- Advocacy

- Education

- Research


What 3 questions can you ask patients (kids)?

- Do you see kids picking on kids? (bystander)

- Do kids pick on you? (target/victim)

- Do you pick on kids? (bully)