6/8- Bullying Flashcards Preview

Term 5: Behavioral Science > 6/8- Bullying > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6/8- Bullying Deck (39):
1

When does bullying peak in the US?

Middle school

- Going into 6th grade (into middle school)

- Coming out of 8th grade (out of middle school)

2

What is bullying?

Aggressive behavior that is intentional, repeated over time, and involves and imbalance of power or strength

3

What is cyberbullying?

One child or teen harasses another child or teen using electronic media

4

What is cyberharrassment?

An adult harasses a child or teen on electronic media

5

What are some myths about bullying?

It is just a stage, a normal part of life

- Bullying is NOT normal or socially acceptable

You should just stand up for yourself and hit them back

- May sometimes be forced to defend themselves, but hitting back typically makes bullying worse; also 0 tolerance policies

Bullying often resolves itself when you ignore it

- Ignoring the bullying teaches students who bully that they can bully others without consequences

6

Characteristics of a bully?

- Externalizing behaviors

- Trouble resolving problems with others

- Has trouble academically

- Negative attitudes and beliefs about others

- Feels negatively toward him/herself

- Can have inflated sense of self

7

Characteristics of a victim?

- Internalizing behaviors

- Lacks social skills

- Thinks negative thoughts

- Experiences difficulties in solving social problems

8

Characteristics of a bully-victim?

- Internalizing and externalizing behaviors

- Negative attitudes and beliefs about self and others

- Trouble with social interaction

- Does not have good social problem-solving skills

- Performs poorly academically

- Rejected and isolated by peers

- Negatively influenced by the peers group

9

Most of ___ (age group) experience bullying worldwide?

Majority of 13 year olds worldwide experience bullying

10

__% of US students experience bullying

33% of US students experience bullying

11

Male:

__% of male students are bullies

__% of male students are victims

Female:

__% of female students are bullies

__% of female students are victims

Male:

22% of male students are bullies

24% of male students are victims

Female

15% of female students are bullies

19% of female students are victims

12

Major types of bullying (and %)? Ex?

More in girls or boys?

Physical (21%): hitting, punching, shoving

- Boys > girls

Verbal (54%): name-calling, harsh teasing

- Boys > girls

Social (relational) (51%): spreading rumors, leaving people out on purpose, breaking up friendships

- Girls > boys

Cyberbullying (14%): using the internet, mobile phones or other digital technologies to harm others; especially awful b/c kids can't get away

- Boys > girls

[percentages are for 6th-10th graders)

13

Other forms of bullying?

- Racism

- Sexism

- Classism

- Ageism

- Xenophobia

- Homophobia

- Religious intolerance

- People with disabilities

14

Risk factors for bullying?

- Society

- Community

- Family

- Individual

15

Do bullies typically have high or low self-esteem?

Bullies may have either high or low self-esteem, they just don't place value on other people

16

Individual risk factors for being a bully?

- Middle school transition

- Poor/superior social skills

- Conduct problems

- Depression

17

Individual risk factors for victim?

- Ethnic or religious minority

- LGBT

- Poor social skills

- Poor school performance

- Disability

- Depression

18

Peer group risk factors?

Friends who bully

- "Birds of a feather flock together"

- Peer group phenomenon

Delinquency

- Strongest predictor of bullying and victimization

- Anti-social behaviors (vandalism, gangs, weapons)

Alcohol/drug use:

- Aggressive bullying

- Lifetime alcohol and drug use

19

Family risk factors?

- Low family cohesion

- Little warmth

- Absent fathers

- High power needs

- Physical abuse

- Domestic abuse

- Permit aggression

- Physical abuse

- Poor family functioning

- Authoritative parenting

- Hostile mothers

- Powerless mothers

- Uninvolved parents

* If you live in a family that allows intolerance

20

Community risk factors: neighborhoods?

Higher bullying risk:

- Unsafe

- Violent

- Disorganized

Lower bullying risk:

- Safe

- Connected

21

Community risk factors: schools?

Classroom factors:

- Negative peer friendships

- Poor teacher-student relationships

- Lack of self-control

- Poor problem-solving

Misinformed teachers

Unsupportive or punitive school climate

Academic disengagement

Lack of school belonging

Adults fail to act

22

Societal risk factors: media?

- Media violence correlates with aggression and antisocial behavior

- Dose of playing mature video games predicts greater risk of being a bully in middle schoolers

- Violent video games correlate with higher rates of aggression

23

Societal risk factors: intolerance?

- Homophobia

- Sexism

- Racism

- Classism

- Ageism

- Religious intolerance

- Xenophobia

24

Warning signs of bullying (being a bully)?

- Becomes violent with others

- Gets into physical/verbal fights with others

- Gets sent to principal's office or detention a lot

- Has extra money or new belongings that cannot be explained

- Is quick to blame others

- Will not accept responsibility for their actions

- Has friends who bully others

- Needs to win or be best at everything

25

Warning signs of bullying (being a victim)?

- Comes home with damaged or missing clothing or other belongings

- Reports losing items such as books, electronics, clothing, or jewelry

- Loses interest in school work or begins to do poorly in school

- Has unexplained injuries

- Complains frequently of headaches, stomachaches, or feeling sick

- Has trouble sleeping or has frequent bad dreams

- Is afraid of going to school or other activities with peers

26

Outcomes of being a bully? being a victim? being a bystander?

Bully:

- If a kid was a bully in the 6th grade, there was a 60% chance of having a criminal conviction by the age of 24 (?)

- Childhood bullies often grow up to be perpetrators of domestic abuse or workplace bullies

Victim:

- Higher chances of anxiety and depression

Bystander:

- Higher chances of anxiety and depression

27

What is workplace bullying?

One person or group of people in a workplace single out another person for unreasonable, embarrassing, or intimidating treatment

- Authority figure who feels threatened by the victim

- Immature co-worker Hostile work-environment

28

__% of workers have experienced bullying firsthand

- __% of bullies are men

- __% of targets are women

- __% of bullying is same-gender harassment

35% of workers have experienced bullying firsthand

62% of bullies are men

- 58% of targets are women

- 68% of bullying is same-gender harassment

29

Outcomes of workplace bullying?

- 40% quite their job

- 71% sought medical treatment (CV problems)

- 63% sought mental health treatment (anxiety, panic attacks, depression, PTSD, contemplation of suicide)

30

Types of adults who bully?

- Narcissistic adult bully: self-centered, no empathy

- Impulsive adult bully: spontaneous, no restraint

- Physical adult bully: threaten harm, steal property

- Verbal adult bully: start rumors, use sarcasm, demean

- Secondary adult bully: does not initiate but joins in

31

Examples of workplace bullying?

- Shouting/swearing at employee or otherwise verbally abusing him/her

- One employee being singled out for unjustified criticism or blame

- An employee being excluded from company activities

- Having his or her work or contributions purposefully ignored

- Language or actions that embarrass or humiliate an employee

- Practical jokes, especially if they occur repeatedly to the same person

32

Consequences/outcomes for the bully?

- Higher risk of abusing alcohol and other drugs

- More likely to get into fights, vandalize property, and drop out of school

- More likely to engage in early sexual activity

- More likely to have low job status as adults

- More likely to have criminal convictions and traffic citations as adults (60% of male bullies in middle school had a criminal conviction by age 24)

- More likely to abuse other as adults (romantic partners, spouses, children)

33

Consequences/outcomes for the victim?

- Higher risk of depression and anxiety

- Increased risk of suicidality (bullycide- suicide caused from the results of bullying)

- More health complaints

- Increased risk of academic deterioration

- More likely to have violent retaliation

34

Consequences/outcomes for the bystander?

- Have increased use of tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs

- Have increased mental health problems, including depression and anxiety

- Are more likely to miss or skip school

35

Societal cost of bullying?

- Missed school days (8% of middle school kids skipped 1+ day for fear of bullying)

- Medical costs

- Mental health

- School drop out

- Workplace bullying (lost time/productivity)

36

Methods to stop bullying in schools? What doesn't work?

What works:

- Focus on school social environment (asses bullying in the school)

- Garner staff and parent support (train staff in bullying prevention)

- Intervene consistently and appropriately

- Focus on weekly bullying prevention activities

What doesn't work:

- Zero tolerance policies (may discourage students from reporting)

- Conflict resolution and peer mediation (sends mixed message to bully and victim)

- Group treatment for bullies (behaviors may worsen with peer modeling)

37

Who do you call if child is suicidal from bullying?

911- ask for mental health officer

38

What are the 4 domains of pediatrician skills for AAP policy statement on youth violence prevention?

- Clinical practice

- Advocacy

- Education

- Research

39

What 3 questions can you ask patients (kids)?

- Do you see kids picking on kids? (bystander)

- Do kids pick on you? (target/victim)

- Do you pick on kids? (bully)