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Flashcards in 6 Chapter 11 Ethical And Legal Considerations Deck (50)
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1

Study of ethics

Considers the standards of moral conduct within a society. Personal ethics are influenced by values, societal norms and practices

2

Ethical theories

Deontology
Utilitarianism

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Deontology

Is an ethical theory that stresses the rightness and wrongness of individual behaviors, duties, and obligations without concern for the consequences

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Utilitarianism

Maintains that behaviors are determined to be either right or wrong solely on the basis of their consequences

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Autonomy

The concept of making decisions supported by knowledge and self-confidence

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Accountability

The concept of being answerable for ones actions

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Advocacy

The concept of supporting or promoting the interest of others or a cause greater than ourselves

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Beneficence

The concept of "doing good"

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Confidentiality

The concept of limiting the sharing of private patient information

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Fidelity

The concept of keeping promises or agreements made with others

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Justice

The concept of acting fairly and equitably

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Nonmaleficence

The concept of avoiding harm
-euthanasia

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Responsibility

The concept of being dependable and reliable

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Veracity

The concept of being truthful

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Code of ethics

Defines the values, morals, and standards guiding practice within a specific discipline or profession

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Code of ethics for nurses

The principle of respect for persons extends to all individuals with whom the nurse interacts. The nurse maintains compassionate and caring relationships with colleagues and others with a commitment to the fair treatment of individuals, to integrity-preserving compromise, and to resolving conflict.(ANA, 2008, p149) provision 1.5 code of ethics for nurses

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Educators

To advise and supervise their students, collaborate with students to identify individual learning needs within the clinical setting, and facilitate the educational process

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Students

To behave responsibly and respectfully toward all, be accountable for their actions, develop professionally, and strive to learn all that is necessary to care for patients and their families

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Civility

Or acting politely, is essential in all interactions among faculty and nursing students. Respectful interaction between students and faculty members establishes professional communication patterns and affects the way in which students interact with patients

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EBP and informatics (incivility)

Reported loss of sleep, increased stress and depression, feelings of powerlessness, decreased confidence

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Bioethics

Is the study of ethical and philosophical issues in biology and medicine
Issues: genetic testing, cloning an embryonic stem cell research, end-of-life care

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Futile care

Care that is perceived as useless and the prolongs the time until death rather than restoring life

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Bioethics challenges

Require the support of a professional counselor, loved ones, and friends to decide what is the best in each unique circumstances

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Role of ethic committees

1.) Establish policies that govern health care decision making
2.) review cases in which clarity is needed
3.) identify sets of values relevant to cases
4.) determine any values conflicts that may exist
5.) interview key individuals impacting the case being reviewed.
6.) provide unbiased input is not possible form a patient
7.) clarify potential legal implications of the medical interventions

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Legal implications in nursing practice

1.) delineate acceptable nursing practice
2.) provide a basis on which many health care decisions are made
3.) protect nurses from liability

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Constitutional law

Based on the U.S. constitution

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Statutory law

Created by legislative bodies such as the US congress and state legislatures

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NPA nursing practice act

Defines the scope of nursing practice within the state

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Regulatory law

Nursing rules and regulations are categorized as regulatory law

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Case law

Determined by judicial decisions from individual court cases