5 Chapter 4 Critical Thinking In Nursing Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5 Chapter 4 Critical Thinking In Nursing Deck (27)
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1

Critical thinking

Involves the application of knowledge and experience to identify patient problems and to direct clinical judgements and actions that exult in positive patient outcomes

2

Clinical reasoning

Uses critical thinking, knowledge, and experience to develop solutions to problems and make decisions in a clinical setting

3

Processes that depend on critical thinking

-problem solving
-decision making
-reasoning
-judgement

4

Theoretical underpinnings of critical thinking

The way to improve quality of thought processes through analysis, and reconstruction
Reflection
Evidence
Standards
Attributes or traits

5

Intellectual standards of critical thinking

Clarity
Precision
Depth
Logic
Accuracy
Relevance
Breadth
Significance
Fairness

6

Baseline knowledge

Includes content learned in prerequisite courses

7

Nursing-specific

Specialty information about specific populations

8

Information gathering

Based on knowledge gaps

9

Reasoning

Logical thinking that links in. Meaningful ways

10

Inductive reasoning

Uses specific facts or details to make conclusions and generalizations

Specific to general

11

Deductive reasoning

Involves generating facts or details from a major theory, generalization, or premise (general to specific)

12

Interferences

Intellectual acts that involve a conclusion being made on the basis of something else

13

Intuition

The feeling that ou know k=something without evidence

14

Interpretation

Examination of how information is organized and given meaning
Based on personal concepts

15

Validation

Process of gathering information to determine whether the info gathered is factual or true

16

Point of care testing

Allows certain lab tests to be performed in patient care units
Include routine assessment of sampling practices, evaluations of controls used in sampling, and review of quality of testing procedures

17

Critical thinking nursing process

Interpretation
Analysis
Evaluation
Inference
Explanation
Self-regulation
Clinical decision making

18

Thinking errors to avoid

Bias
Illogical thinking
Lack of info
Close-minded
Erroneous assumptions

19

Ethical, legal, professional practice

Reflection and critical thinking
Research indicates that caring encourages nurses to think about patient-centered plans of care
Competence and caring for positive patient outcomes

20

The nursing process organizes your approach while delivering nursing care. To provide the best professional care to patients, nurses need to incorporate nursing process and _________

Critical thinking skills

21

Reflection

The results of deliberate thinking are used to guide further thinking

22

Breadth

Considering a topic, problem, or issue from every relevant viewpoint

23

Logic

Using a mutually supportive or sensible combination of thought and facts to osm a conclusion

24

Significance

Concentrating on the most important information when considering an issue

25

Fairness

Thinking or acting in accord with reason and without bias

26

The use of diagnostic reasoning involves rigorous approach to clinical practice and demonstrates that critically thinking can not be done

Haphazardly

27

****Attitudes necessary for critical thinking

Confidence
Fairness
Risk-taking
Perseverance
Curiosity
Thinking independently
Humility
Discipline
Creativity
Integrity
Responsibility