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Flashcards in 5 Chapter 4 In Quizzes Deck (49)
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1

The nurse receives a change of shift report on the five assigned patients and reviews prescriptions, treatments, and medication scheduled for the shift. Based on analysis the nurse chooses which patient needs mess first. Which process of critical thinking describes this action?

-decision making

2

In approaching a new clinical situation, the nurse uses which question to facilitate precision in critical thinking?

What additional details do i need to gather?

3

Which question would be most appropriate for the nurse to ask while evaluating the relevance of patient data

-what are the most significant factors in the problem

4

The nurse is assigned to develop a plan of care for a patient with a medical diagnosis that is unknown to the nurse. Guided by critical thinking, which action should the nurse take first?

-review data about the medical diagnosis and routine management

5

The nurse obtains a lower than normal pulse oximetry reading on a patient. Which actions by the nurse result from accurately employing the critical-thinking skill on analysis in the nursing process? (Select all that apply)

-assessing the patient for symptoms of hypoxia
-providing oxygen according to standing orders
-elevating the head of the bed, if not contraindicated

6

Which of the following actions reflects inductive reasoning and

-using subjective and objective data to confirm a diagnosis

7

The nurse is completing an assessment of a patient with sudden onset of abdominal pain. During the assessment, the nurse considers similar presentations and the underlying pathophysiology related to the patients clinical manifestations. Which critical thinking skill should be used

-interpretation

8

The nurse can facilitate critical thinking through the use of which interpersonal skill? (Select all that apply)

-teamwork
-conflict management
-advocacy

9

In providing care to a patient admitted to rule out human immunodeficiency virus, wearing gloves during which activity may be an indication of bias

Collecting the patients medical history

10

During assessment of a patient admitted for a total hip replacement, the nurse asks the patient to explain prior hospital experiences and, more specifically, any operative experiences. These questions reflect the nurses use of which intellectual standard of critical thinking

Clarity

11

The nurse facilitates the use of the intellectual standard of critical thinking of significance by posing which question to determine the patients understanding of his or her new diagnosis of type 1 diabetes

How will this diagnosis impact your career?

12

In providing care to a newly admitted patient, the nurses inferences are more accurate if based upon which of the following?

Objective data

13

During the postoperative assessment on a patient, the nurse has a "hunch" that the patient has a postoperative complication based upon

Intuition

14

In using intuition to address a clinical problem, the expert nurse bases his or her approach upon which of the following?

Experimental knowledge

15

A new graduate nurse explains a new approach in the ositioning of patients with chronic low back pain. The nurse preceptor responds, "that is not the way we do it here." The preceptors response illustrates which error in critical thinking?

Illogical thinking

16

The nurse uses a case study presentation to present an educational offering to the staff on the unit. This strategy improves the staff nurses' critical thinking through which of the following?

Practicing application of knowledge

17

In preparing to administer medications to a patient the nurse notes a medications that she has never administered. If administered without research what critical error is this?

Lack of information

18

The nurse uses critical thinking to interpret data. Which of the following data sources are objective?

Laboratory values
X-ray results
Vital signs
Breath sounds

19

In preparing for a certification exam, the nurse chooses to develop a concept map o help understand the content. This strategy is based upon which of the following characteristics?hn

Facilitates note taking
Fosters making correlation between concepts
Organize visual data

20

USES SPECIFIC FACTS OR DETAILS TO MAKE CONCLUSIONS AND GENERALIZATIONS; proceedings from superficial to general

Inductive reasoning

21

A mutually supporting and sensible combination of combined thoughts, where the conclusion follows from presented facts

Logic

22

To focus on facts and ideas directly related and pertinent to the subject at hand

Relevance

23

Using critical knowledge and experience to develop solutions to problems and make decisions in a critical setting

Clinical reasoning

24

Gathering information to determine wether the information of data collected is factual or true

Validation

25

Following through with pain medication

Integrity

26

Taking time to talk to a troubled family member

Compassion

27

Speaking up when a colleague did not wash their hands

Courage`

28

Realistically viewing family members ability to cope with a crisis

Humility

29

Working to get prescriptions fulfilled before a homeless person leaves the hospital

Advocacy

30

Which critical thinking trial is the nurse using when she tries a new dressing change?

Creativity