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Child Health Week 2 2017/18 > 6: Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6: Nutrition Deck (33)
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1

Why is nutrition essential?

Growth and development

Energy for metabolism

Immune system

2

What drives growth in the

a) infant

b) child

c) pubertal stages of growth?

a) Nutrition

b) Growth hormone

c) Sex hormones

3

What is the estimated average requirement?

Median line on a bell curve of nutritional intake vs number of people, i.e the average energy requirement of a population

4

What value of nutritional intake is 2 standard deviations above the estimated average requirement and is sufficient for 97% of the population?

Reference nutrient intake

5

What is the reference nutrient intake for protein?

12.7g to 14.5g

from to 18 months respectively

6

Most infants (do / don't) exceed their estimated average requirement for energy intake.

What is a consequence of this?

do exceed it

meaning they gain weight > obesity

7

Where is Vitamin A acquired in the diet?

Cheese

Eggs

Yoghurt

8

Where is Vitamin C acquired in the diet?

Oranges

Blackcurrants

Potatoes

9

How is Vitamin D acquired?

Sunlight

Oily fish

Eggs

10

Who should take Vitamin D supplements?

Children not on formula milk

Breastfeeding mothers

Virtually everyone else in Scotland

11

What is the reference nutrient intake for sodium?

280mg - 500mg

from 4 months to 18 months respectively

12

Most infants (fall below / exceed) the RNI for sodium.

exceed

13

How many portions of oily fish should children eat per week?

1 / week

14

What is the physical activity guideline for children 0-5 years?

At least 3 hours (180 mins) per day

(if child is capable of walking)

15

What is the physical activity guideline for children aged 5 - 18 years old?

> 60 mins physical activity / day

at least 3 days

16

What is the physical activity guideline for adults?

> 30 mins of physical activity

at least 5 days a week

17

For how long should infants be breastfed?

First six months of life

18

What should be used as a breast milk substitute only if required?

Can it replace breast milk?

Infant formula

No, not as nutritionally complete

19

What is weaning?

Moving on from exclusively milk to foods

20

Why is weaning necessary?

At > 6 months breast milk alone doesn't satisfy infant's dietary requirements

Also their iron stores are depleted

21

What is the minimum age you should wean your child?

What is the recommended age?

4 months

6 months

22

When should cow's milk be introduced to a child's diet?

Which type?

12 months

Full fat

23

When can

semi-skimmed milk

skimmed milk

be introduced to a child's diet?

2 years

5 years

24

The first foods you give to a child during weaning should be free of what and high in what?

Free of gluten

High in iron

25

Foods which a child may potentially be allergic to should be introduced (all at once / individually).

individually

26

When weaning a child, the foods you given them should be (high / low) in salt and sugar.

low in salt and sugar

27

How often should a child be fed

a) between 6 and 8 months

b) after 9 months?

a) 2 - 3 times a day

b) 3 - 4 times a day

28

What are the four areas of development?

Gross motor

Fine motor and vision

Language and hearing

Social interaction and play

29

What's better - formula milk or breast milk?

Why?

Contains all them nutrients

Immunological components

Growth factors

30

What social factors are associated with poor growth?

Deprivation

Neglect