7 Principles of Evaluating Evidence Flashcards Preview

PHIL105 > 7 Principles of Evaluating Evidence > Flashcards

Flashcards in 7 Principles of Evaluating Evidence Deck (7)
Loading flashcards...

- who made the statement
- motive e.g. trying to get re-elected/please people
- are we being told the whole story
- picking and choosing evidence without context

Look for a vested interest


- vocabulary that infer something specific has been said when only a vague claim has been made e.g. 'somewhat' 'generally'
- often emotive words

Weasel words


- how it's conducted, credibility, motive, pay
- neutrally worded questions
- sample size

Question surveys


- Phrases moulded to sound more impressive and drive home potentially incorrect point
e.g. thousands and thousands could mean 2000 or 100,000

Percentages and numbers


- may not accurately represent data

Anecdotes and statistics


- visually disproportionate (often not starting at 0 for bar graphs)
- poor scale use

graphs and figures


- how doses information given fit into larger sense

retain sense of big picture