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Ch 7 - Chemistry > 7.2B > Flashcards

Flashcards in 7.2B Deck (36)
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1

What are the two most commonly used an anionic surfactant cleansers

Sodium lauryl sulfate
Ammonium lauryl sulfate

2

Which has higher levels of surfactants, facial cleansers or body cleanser’s

Body cleansers

3

What are the three most common surfactants used to create emulsions

Steric acid
Cetyl phosphate
Beeswax

4

What is a chelating agent

Enhances effectiveness of preservative

5

What is buffering

Process of Acids or bases that adjust the ph level

6

What is comedogencity

Products tendency to clog

7

What % are the typical concentration levels of sunscreen

2-7%

8

What are free radicals

Chemically unstable molecules that caused damage and inhibit proper functioning within the skin

9

What is another name for co-enzyme Q 10

Ubiquinone

10

What does Q10 do

Aids in production of cellular energy
Aids in circulation
Stimulates the immune system
Provides anti-aging affects

11

How do silicones work

They act as a mesh like pattern of waterproof molecules over the skin allowing oxygen molecules to penetrate, keeping water inside

12

What are the three categories of hydroxy acid

Alpha, beta, poly

13

What are hydroxyacids

Organic acids extracted from natural sources such as fruits sugar and milk

14

What do hydroxyacids do

Speed up the natural exfoliation process of the surface of the stratum corneum

15

What is an alpha hydroxy acid

Carboxyl group located on the first carbon atom of the organic acid chain

16

What are two examples of alpha hydroxy acid

Glycolic
Lactic

17

What are beta hydroxy acid

Carboxyl group located on the second carbon atom of the organic acid chain

18

What is one example of beta hydroxy acid

Salicylic acid

19

What are polyhydroxy acid

Contains several carboxyl groups in the same chain

20

What is one example of poly hydroxy acid

Malic acid

21

What is Kinetin

And essential growth factor that prevents premature aging and is believed to partially reverse clinical signs of photo damaged facial skin

22

How do lighteners work

They work by slowly blocking the production of melanin by the melanocytes in the skin

23

What are two examples of lighteners

Hydroquinone
Kojic acid

24

What does the FFDCA stand for

Federal food drug and cosmetic act

25

What does FPLA stand for

Fair packaging and labeling act

26

The government authority responsible for regulating cosmetics is the

FDA

27

What are triglycerides that come from either plant or animal sources

Fatty acids

28

What are binding substances used to slow down the destruction of the product

Emulsifiers

29

Fatty acids that has been exposed to hydrogen are now called

Fatty alcohols

30

What is a salt bond

Negative charge in one amino acid grouping attracts positive charge in another