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Flashcards in 8 SS 1st SEM Deck (92):
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First amendment

Basic freedoms

Speech, religion, press, assemble

1

Second amendment

Right to bear arms

2

Third amendment

Quartering of soldiers

3

Fourth amendment

Search and arrest

4

Fifth amendment

Rights in criminal cases

5

Sixth amendment

Right to a fair trial

6

Seventh amendment

Rights in civil cases

7

Eighth amendment

Bail,fines, punishment

8

Amendment 9

Rights retained by the people

9

Amendment 10

States rights

10

John Locke

Created natural rights

11

Rights of colonists

Bill of rights

12

Purpose of government

To bring people together

13

Types of government

Autocracy, oligarchy, democracy

14

Where is New England located?

Maine

15

Middle colonies location

Middle East coast

16

Southern colonies

Southern east coast

Slaves BIG

17

Primary source

Came from the source that saw it of did it

18

Secondary source

Person who had it told to them

19

Patriot

Right to govern themselves

20

Tyranny

Unjust way of ruling

21

Thomas Jefferson

Founding father
3rd president after John Adams
Loved music
Not well dressed

22

Loyalist

Deep loyalty to Britain

23

Repeal

Take back or cancel a law

24

Militia

Small army for emergencies

25

Boycott

Refuse buy goods from a source

Organized refusal

26

French and Indian war

Cause was territory and power between France and Britain
France gave Canada to Britain

27

Frost continental congress date?

1744

28

Proclamation of 1763

Line down appellation mountains

29

Intolerable acts

Harsher punishments for people who disregarded the government

30

Tea act

Tax on tea

31

Town shed acts

Taxed items from Britain

32

Boston tea party

Tea tax refusal act
Patriots dressed up as Indians threw tea pinto the Pearl Harbor

33

Boston massacre

Mass killing in the streets

34

Quartering act

Housing soldiers

35

Stamp act

Buy a stamp for every piece of paper

36

Common sense

Idea of independence

37

Thomas Paine

Published common sense

38

Natural rights

All men created equal

39

Olive branch petition

Peace treaty with Britain
Olive branches are the ancient symbols of peace

40

Why was the Declaration of Independence written
?

Declare independence with Britain

41

Constitution

Revised version of Declaration of Independence

42

James Madison

Founding father

43

Articles of confederation

Each state had a vote
Congres imposes taxes

44

Developing western lands

Small territories
After gaining 60,000 people, could apply to congress to become a state

45

Shays rebellion

Different kinds of money were printed and no one knew what anything was worth

46

Challenges of constitutions convention

Hot and sweaty
Many different opinions

47

Virginia plan

3 branches or parts

48

3/5 compromise

Each slave counted a 3/5 of a person

49

Constitution date is signing?

September 17,1787

50

New Jersey plan

Smaller states should have equal say in country issues and government

51

When did the constitution become a law?

1789

52

Popular sovereignty

Idea that governments power comes from the people

53

Bill

Proposed law

54

Impeach

Accuse an official of a crime

55

Amendment

Added to constitution

People basic rights.

56

Judicial review

decide whether laws or actions are constitutional

57

Legislative branch

Makes the laws

58

Executive branch

Carries out laws

59

Judicial branch

Supreme Court interprets laws

House and senate

60

Bicameral

Having law making parts

61

Veto power

President

62

Checks and balances

Allows power to all branches equal and every branch checks another branch

63

Limited government

Limits to changes

64

Preamble

Telling what they want tour country to be

65

Basic content of first three amendments

Basic freedoms (religion,press,speech,assembly)
Right to bear arms
Quartering soldiers

66

Bill of rights

Part of constitution

67

Warrant

Must have before search or arrest

68

What did James Madison not want?

Bill of rights

69

Reason for Bill of rights

So the government didn't get too much power

70

Cabinet

People who help president in different areas of government

71

Whiskey rebellion

Tax put on whiskey and people did not like it

72

French Revolution

France tried to get rid of their king

73

President Washington's farewell address

Make as many friend with other countries not enemies

74

Federalist and republican debates

Did not think the same way about this the country should be ran

75

Relations with Britain and France

Republicans had a great relation

76

Alien and sedition acts

Kept trouble makers under control

77

Alexander Hamilton and creation of national bank

1933 collected taxes, printed money, banks

78

Election of 1800

Aron burr , move to DC

79

War Hawks

Want war

80

Pinkney treaty

With France for land

81

Jays treaty

Treaty with France

82

War of 1812 ideas (3)

Britain invaded DC

Us invaded Canada and lost (thought they won)

"Star spangled banner" was created

83

What states are part of New England? (5)

New Hampshire
Maine
Massachusetts
Connecticut
Rhode Island

84

What states are part of the middle colonies? (4)

Pennsylvania
New York
New Jersey
Maryland

85

When did the articles come before or after declaration?

After

86

Who was in favor of no branch government?

Congress

87

What was the 3 branches part of? What power?

Separation of powers

88

What power as not part of the presidents cabinet?

Transportation

89

How big was the Virginia plan?

Large

90

What was the biggest thing the national bank did?

Gave out loans

91

What were the anti federalists against?

Constitution