Social Studies Exam 1st Flashcards Preview

7 and 8 1st Sem Exams > Social Studies Exam 1st > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Studies Exam 1st Deck (63):
0

Neolithic times

People developed more skills in jobs
Started to trade when they settled in one place
Made shelters more permanent

1

Paleolithic times

Main job was finding food
Never traded found things in their area
Lived in caves and tent like structures

2

Who was chosen to lead in ancient Egypt

The son

3

Why did the civilizations need a government?

Control rivers
Collect taxes
Build public works projects

4

What did governments do?

Write laws
Collect taxes
Provide food supply
Maintain defense

5

Embalming

Putting someone in a coffin

6

Topography

What the land was like

7

Fertile

Land great for growing crops

8

Hieroglyphs

Ancient writing

9

Papyrus

Fruit

10

Pharaoh

The leader

11

Sarcophagus

Place where they burry the body

12

Famine

A food shortage

13

Social classes

The jobs in the ancient world

14

Peasants

The lowest rank social class

15

Scribes

Writers
Wrote on papyrus

16

Nomads

People who follow their food

17

Delta

Where water spits out into a bigger body of water

18

Vizier

News-taker for the pharaoh

19

Why did people settle by the Nile river?

The land there was fertile

20

Jordan river

Not good for farming

21

Abraham

Judaism

22

Siddhartha g

Buddhism

23

Four noble truths

Buddhism

24

Five pillars

Islam

25

Old Testament

Christianity

26

Dharma

Hinduism

27

Brahman

Hinduism

28

Karma

Hinduism

29

Mosque

Islam

30

Synagogue

Judaism

31

Covenant

Judaism

32

Shabbat

Judaism

33

Bible

Christianity

34

Vedas

Hinduism

35

Allah

Islam

36

Trinity

Christianity

37

Reincarnation

Islam

38

Muhammad

Islam

39

Monotheism

Belief in one god

40

Polytheism

Belief in many gods

41

Caste system

Hinduism

Social classes

42

8 fold path

Buddhism

43

Mecca

The god

44

Before the rise of civilization people were nomadic. What does this mean?

They traveled place to place finding food

45

How was the behavior of nomadic people regulated?

Through unwritten customs

46

How did ancient people progress in their social organization?

Nomadic clans to villages to city states to empires

47

The first civilizations developed near what two rivers?

Tigris and Euphrates

48

Why did the first civilizations develop near river valleys?

Because annual flooding made the land fertile

49

How did the first farmers cope with challenges posted by rivers?

They learned to control it and use irrigation systems

50

What was the name of the area that gave birth to the first civilization?

Mesopotamia

51

What do all civilizations need to survive and grow?

Resources

52

What was the first civilization in the ancient world?

Sumer

53

What are five key elements of a civilization

Centralized government
Organized religions
Arts
Job specialization
Social classes
Writing

54

How did Hebrews differ from other ancient people?

We're monotheism

55

What was the most important religious duty of ancient people?

To keep their god happy

56

What were temples called?

Ziggurats

57

What stood at the top of every ziggurat?

A shrine

58

What were the first laws written?

To regulate behaviors

59

How did rulers use public works projects to ensure the city's supply?

Build irrigation systems, roads, and bridges

60

How did cities change the way people worked?

People specialized in jobs for the first time.

61

Why were people able to specialize in jobs in early civilizations

Surpluses in food meant that not everyone had to search for food

62

Ranking people according to their jobs led to this

The development of social classes