Social Studies 2nd Semester Flashcards Preview

7 and 8 1st Sem Exams > Social Studies 2nd Semester > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Studies 2nd Semester Deck (118):
0

Geographic Regions

Characteristics of a geographic region

1

Oasis

A place in a desert where you can find water

2

Climate

The weather in an area

3

Silt

Fine particles of rock

4

Physical Features

An aspect of the land

5

Tributaries

A stream that feeds into another bigger stream or lake/ocean

6

Vegetation

Plant life

7

How would you describe China's climate?

It has extreme temps in the summer and super cold temps in the winter

8

Which physical features might have protected inner China from invaders?

The Great Wall, Gobi Desert, Taklamakan Desert

9

How did the Yellow River get it's name?

From the SILT in the water

10

Why did early Chinese civilization start on the North China Plain?

Because it was flat and covered in grass

11

Why were early settlements in inner China isolated?

They were surrounded by water

12

What was the role of the elders in a confusion society?

Influence government and culture

13

How did dacoits believe you could gain happiness?

Meditating

14

What did legalists believe about the nature of people?

They were naturally selfish

15

Which of philosophy most influenced the leadership style of Qin?

Legalism

16

What was the purpose of building the Great Wall?

It protected China from invaders in the outerChina.

17

How did Qin standardize money, weights, and measures?

He created laws

18

Qin's system of laws

Do the right thing

19

Who built most of the wall?

People of China

20

Why did Qin bring all of the confusion books to the Capitol?

So he could burn them

21

What was the result of Qin's death?

He went looking for a piton that could keep him alive forever

22

Why did later historians have different opinions of Qin?

He great things and bad things

23

Calligraphy

Style of writing

24

Lodestone

Magnetic rock

25

Why was the Han so successful?

They invented things like iron swords, crossbows, and kites

26

How were the Han government officials chosen?

The wealthy

27

Why was salt important?

It preserved food like meats

28

How farmers lives made more easy?

The iron plow

29

How did paper help people communicate in the Han dynasty?

They could write things down and they wouldn't have to remember everything

30

What was the original mission of Zhang Qian?

To find enmities to fight the northern invaders

31

What made silk valuable in the west?

The Chinese were the only ones that knew how to make it

32

What Roman product was exchanged for silk?

Glassware

33

Why were Romans told not to wear silk?

It made them look weak and soft

34

Cultural diffusion along the Silk Road

To find new techniques

35

What was a danger on traveling on the Silk Road

Bandits
Bad people
Pirates

36

Why did people in China want horses from Central Asia?

They were strong and valuable

37

Settlement

A small community

38

Isolated communities

Separated communities

39

Shelter

A place that provides protection

40

Colonies

A settlement in a distant place

41

What affected where people lived in Ancient Greece?

Mountains and hilly land

42

What affected the lack of rivers in Ancient Greece?

Farming

43

How did people interact with one another in Greece?

They didn't

They were isolated

44

What was the result of Greeks not having enough farmland to feed themselves?

They had to trade

45

How did the Greeks travel?

By boat

46

How did the Greeks deal with not having enough farmland?

They traded

47

Where Were the earliest Greek colonies established?

On the Greek coast

48

Agora

Mall

49

How does the ruler gain power?

The son gains power

50

Monarchy

One person

King

51

Oligarchy

The wealthy

52

Tyranny

Dictator

One person controls all

53

Democracy

Many people together

54

Why did Greek city states have different laws?

Because they were isolated

55

What was the order of the developments of government?

Monarchy, oligarchy, tyranny, democracy

56

Why were Athenian boys taught to read, write, and memorize everything?

To be smart, to serve public, and they didn't have books

57

Where did the Athenian girls get their education?

At the home

58

What responsibilities did Athenian women have?

To work around the house

59

How did Spartan conduct trade and get resources they needed?

They stole

60

How were the government of Athens and Sparta different?

Sparta was an oligarchy (wealthy)

Athens was a democracy (a lot of people)

61

In general, how would you describe education in both Athens and Sparta? (Boys and Girls)

Athens had more education

62

Why was the Athenian economy based on trade?

They had little flatland farmland

63

What was the major effect of the Peloponnesian war on Greek city-states?

The Greeks were weak after fighting

64

How did Alexander convince Greek city states to help him expand his empire?

He would all of the Greek city-states

65

How did Alexander use religion to control his empire?

He convinced them that he was a god

66

What was Alexander's approach for unifying his empire!

Terror and kindness

67

What did Alexander do to keep power in Persia?

Divine forces

68

Alexander built many cities across his empire. What did he model these cities on?

Greek culture

He wanted to spread it

69

Why did Alexander come back from India?

They were tired of fighting

70

What happened to Alexander's empire after he died?

It crumbled

71

Why were athletic events held in Ancient Greece?

To honor Zeus

72

Why was Mt. Olympus important to the ancient Greeks?

Greeks gods lived there

73

Contributions for government

Democracy

Jury

74

Contributions for medicine

Hippocratic oath

Diseases have natural causes

75

Mathematics

Geometry

Invented numbers

76

Contributions for astronomy

Moon, sun, stars

Hipparchus named over 850 stars

77

Contributions for geography

Lat and long

Ptolemy wrote

78

Contributions to plants and animals

Body structure

Aristotle

79

Contributions to architecture

Greek styles (arches, columns)

Public buildings

80

Contributions to theater

Semicircles

Special effects

81

Contributions to sports

Olympics

Boxing, wrestling

82

Language and literature contributions

Alphabet

Writing

83

What area did Rome conquer during the first period of expansion?

The Italian peninsula

84

Describe the wars between Rome and Carthage during the second period of expansion?

Rome is the most powerful country in the Mediterranean

85

How did roman expansion affect the plebeians?

They had to do the fighting

86

What land was conquered in the second expansion during the Punic wars?

Spain, Macedonia, Sicily

87

What was the effect of Julius Caesar's murder?

Civil war

88

How did Octavian become Rome's first emperor, Caesar Augustus?

He defeated his enemies in civil war

89

Natural law

Citizens have rights because they are humans

90

Renaissance

Time period of rebirth of knowledge

People started to again care about education

91

Why was the Roman Empire difficult to defend?

Surrounded by water

It was also very big

92

What happened in 476 C.E that is considered the fall of Rome?

The last emperor was forced out

93

What happened to the eastern part of the Roman Empire?

It lasted for another 1,000 years (bisentine empire)

94

What was the main political problem that led to the downfall of the Roman Empire?

Couldn't find a way to get rid of one emperor and get a new one.

95

What building material helped the Romans create bigger and stronger structures?

Concrete

96

What ideal of justice is based on natural law?

Everyone has basic rights

97

Feudalism

Principles and practices

98

Philosophies

Knowledge

Rules you go by

99

Civil servant

Civil service employee

100

Confucianism

System of education

101

Yin

Dark thoughts or words

102

Daoism

Alternative Romanism

103

Yang

Good thoughts or words

104

Mandate of Heaven

Power to rule from a divine source

105

Immortal

Not mortal

Not dying at the time

106

Qin Shihuingdi

China's first emperor

107

Standardize

To make everything the same

108

Exile

Taking someone away from their native land

109

Bureaucracy

Government of officials

110

Compass

An instrument for measuring directions

111

A substance

Anesthetic

112

Seismograph

Measures earthquakes

113

Trade routes

Where people go to trade

114

Silk Road

A very famous trade route

115

Peninsula

An are of land sticking out into the water

116

Merchant

A person who trades

117

Assembly

Patricians go to these meetings