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Flashcards in Self Deck (27)
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1
Q

The concept of self

A

The core of our being
Something that is continuous over time
The totality of our personal experience
Includes our thought processes, physical body, the experience that we are separate and unique from others

2
Q

Erik Erikson 1968

A

Theory in identity formation
One’s identity becomes fixed during the development stage of adolescence when one experiences the pressure of one’s transition from being a dependent child to an autonomous adult
Identity is a solid sense of one’s ideologies, philosophies, values and beliefs, thus it looks as though we are delivered to our circumstances
Our selves develop as we try make the best of the situations in which we find ourselves

3
Q

Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow

A

The ultimate goal of personal development is self-actualisation

4
Q

The double self

A

When I talk about myself, I am self talking about itself

I am real and the thoughts I have about myself makes a mental picture

5
Q

Jacques Lacan

A

Says that we need the interplay between the subjective self and objective self to form an understanding about ourselves

6
Q

Self-construction

A

A process characterised by moments of ambivalence and the dynamic way in which we construct ourselves due to these moments

7
Q

Dimension of self construction

A

Self insight vs self desception
Self regard vs self disregard
Self identity vs self alienation
Autonomous self vs collective self

8
Q

Self insight vs self deception

A

The tension between what we should be and what we turn out to be

9
Q

Self insight

A

Refers to how much insight one has about oneself

Whether one really knows who one is

10
Q

Self deception

A

Not have self insight

11
Q

Johari window

A

A technique that helps people understand their relationship with themselves and others

12
Q

Self- regard

A

General feeling we have about our self worth

13
Q

Self identity

A

Refers to the identification of and with the self
Strong self identification means knowing who one is and being satisfied with this
Has a cognitive and emotional component
A process of reflection
No absolute self-identification

14
Q

Self alienation

A

Occurs when you do not really know who you are
Having a feeling of estrangement to oneself
No absolute self alienation

15
Q

Lacan’s mirror stage theory

A

The development of identity in terms of the reflection of one’s image in the mirror
When the child recognises itself in the mirror it looks from inside itself and sees its exterior form in the mirror
The child identifies itself but it is not the interior form that appears in front of it
In the moment that the child identifies itself it is already alienated from itself in the sense that it sees the outside of itself

An example of a process that happens throughout our lives

16
Q

Self autonomy

A

Focuses on the self as an individual entity

A healthy self is autonomous and independent from others

17
Q

Self collectivity

A

Considers the self in relation to others

The self should be inclusive of others and find its worth in relation to others

18
Q

Markus and Kitayama (1991) and Triandis (1989)

A

Ascribe the divergent notions of the self to cultural differences

19
Q

A picture of self

A

We are not stuck at particular points on the dimensions of self-construction but we do display characteristic dynamics in particular situations and thus we tend to hover close to particular points on the dimensions of self construction

20
Q

Foundations of the self

A

Physical domain
Intrapersonal domain
Interpersonal doman

21
Q

Physical domain

A

Describes the self as the product of biological processes

22
Q

Intrapersonal doman

A

Describes the self as the product of a process of consciousness

23
Q

Interpersonal domain

A

Describes the self as a product of a process of symbolic interaction

24
Q

The process of reflection

A

The self is a process of reflection
It is the process that occurs when we think about ourselves
The self is not a source of the process, but is the product of the process
The self grows out of this process

25
Q

Kinds of reflection

A

Biological
Intrapersonal
Interpersonal

26
Q

Biological foundation of self

A

The self emerges through a process of self-organisation in the neural system
This is the auto-genesis of self

27
Q

Foundation of self in consciousness

A

This kind of self reflection is called introspection
The self is formed and shaped through a process of introspection in which I pitch my current state against my potential state