8A: Self-Identity Flashcards Preview

Foundational Concept 8 > 8A: Self-Identity > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8A: Self-Identity Deck (10):
1

Describe Erickson's PsychoSocial Development

1. Trust vs. Mistrust (Hope)
2. Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt (Will)
3. Initiative vs. Guilt (Purpose)
4. Industry vs. Inferiority (Competence)
5. Identity vs. Role Confusion (Fidelity)
6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (Love)
7. Generativity vs. Stagnation (Care)
8. Integrity vs. Despair (Wisdom)

2

Describe Freud's PsychoSexual Development

0-1: Oral Stage (Mouth)
1-3: Anal Stage (Anus)
3-5: Phallic Stage (Genitals, and Oedipus/Electra)
5-Puberty: Latency (N/A)
Puberty-Adulthood: Genital Stage (Genitals, normal sexual relationships, given previous stages resolved)

3

Moral Reasoning Development (Kohlberg)

Pre-Conventional: Obedience---Self-Interest

Conventional: Conformity---Law and Order

Post-Conventional: Social Contract---Universal Human Ethics

4

Cultural Development (Vygotsky)

Main force behind cognitive development is internalization of culture

Zone of Proximal Development and More Knowledgable Other

5

Describe Looking Glass Self (Cooley)

We develop our self-concept and identities from our interactions with other people, based on our perceptions of how others perceive us

6

What is social behaviorism? (Mead)

Idea that our minds and sense of self develop through communicating with others

Prep Stage: children unaware others see world differently
Play stage: Able to take on role of others, see the world from different perspectives
Game Stage: Children can learn and play multiple roles at once

Last development is understanding of behavioral expectations of society, called generalized other

7

Self-Esteem

One's own measure of self-worth

8

Self-Efficacy

One's own measure of efficacy or effectiveness, ability to carry out actions

9

Locus of Control

Internal/External

Extent to which people believe they have control over their lives and events that affect them

10

Describe learned helplessness

Using external locus of control too much, people can stop making decisions, having no confidence they have control