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Flashcards in 9 Deck (91):
1

Anthropometrics

measuring physical and mental variation in humans

2

intelliengence

the ability to think understand, reason and adapt to overcome obstacles

3

mental age

the average intellectual ability scorefor children of age x

4

standford binet test

intended to measure innate levels of intellect

5

IQ

mental age/chronological age *100

6

Weschler adult intelligence scale

most common intelligence scale for adolescents and adults

7

Raven’s
Progressive Matrice

iq test on pictures

8

symbol search

processing speed fill in a blank with a missing symbol

9

coding

match symbols with numbers and with a correct symbol given a number

10

working memory index

arithemtic and digital span (recall order of number string in directions)

11

block design

how to make a puzzle or shape

12

Eugenics

Good genes

13

stereotype threat

negative stereotypes cause people to underpeform

14

causes of stereotype threath

arousal due to fear, self focus lowering cognitive resources, increases tendancy to inhibit thoughts using resources

15

changes in intelligence caused by what

belief about growth, fatigue, ,illness, stress, mood

16

entity theory

belief that intelligence is a fixed charectheristic

17

incremental theory

intellignence can be changed

18

incremental theory

intellignence can be changed

19

savant

low mental capactiy in most, but extraordinary abilities in other specific areas

20

factor analysis

finds correlations and related factors

21

general intelligence factor

developped by spearman: g factor, that some brains are simply better than others and that is measured in g factor

22

g could not be real, but

could be a combination of other factors like motivations

23

s factor

s is a special skill factor of (spearman)

24

Multiple intelligences

Louis thurstone: multiple fields of intelligence

25

New model

G -> primary mental abilities -> S

26

GF vs GC

general fluid and general crystalized intelligence. GF is new information new problems. GC is based off past learning and experiences

27

Triarchic theory of intelligence

robert sternberg : 3 types analytical practical and creative

28

# of Multiple intelligences

9+

29

why mi sux

Gardener is under fire because it is unfalsifiable

30

heritability describes

differences that can be accounted for in genes.
heritability of rich = 72% hertiability of poor =8%

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why

its not nature vs nurture. Nurture shapes nature. the expression of genes changes based off treatment. And a gene which makes someone x doesnt has different conclusions making them smarter or dumber depending on the environemnt

32

behavioural genomic

how genes interact with environment to influence behaviors

33

gene knockout studies

removing genes and seeing differnece in animals

34

smart vs dumb genes

many markers for dumb low amount for smart

35

transgenic animal

an animal which had genetic material inserted into it

36

flynn effect

The effect of increasing iqs of time, This is due to increased manipulations of abstract reasoning making them smarter.

37

video deficit

children do not learn much from screens

38

Sibling effect

oldest teaches younger consoldating information

39

nutrition

changes brain and iq due to health

40

richness effect

quality of they do during free time: tv vs books etc

41

nootropic substances

are substances that increasing intelligence

eg riatalin and modafinil
by inhibiting reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine

42

developmental psychology

study of human physical, cognitive, social, and behavioural charectheristcs acorss a lifespan

43

cross sectional design

measure and compare samples of people at different ages at a given point in time

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logitudinal design

follow development of same set of individuals through time

45

cohort effects

difference that result from being born in different time periods

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sensitive period

a window of time during which exposure to a specific type of environmental; stimu;lation is needed for development of a specific skill

47

zygote

initia; cell formed when the nuclei of egg and spem fuse

48

germinal stage

first phase of prenate development which spans from conception to two weeks. travels down tubes and starts splitting.

49

embyonic stage

2 to 8 weeks: embryo begins developing major physical structures such as the heart and nervous system as well as limbs

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fetal stage

w8 to birth. sleletal organ, nervous systems become more developed. muscles develop and fetus begins to move. sleeping and waking start to

51

teratogens

drugs and environemntal toxins. eg alcohol and tobaco

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first and second most important factor in development

nutrition after teratogens.

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fetal alcohol syndrome

abnormalities in mental functioning, growth and facial development

54

smoking

decreases blood oxygen and raising nicotine and co2.

55

rooting reflex

stimulation of corners of mouth making them suck

56

moro reflex

when babies lose support of their head, they hug

57

gasping relex

stimulating the palm

58

synaptogenesis

the forming of new synaptic connections

59

synaptic pruning

loss of weak nerve cell connections

60

myleination

increase efficiency of nerve cells

61

cognitive development

the study of change in memory, though, and reasoning

62

assimilation

the conservative process whereby people fit new info into belief systems

63

accomoddation

a creative process where people modify bleifs

64

stages of cog dev

sensorimotor, preoperational, concreteoperational, formal operational

65

sensorimotor stage

thinking about and exploration of the world are based
on immediate sensory (e.g., seeing, feeling) and motor (e.g., grabbing,
mouthing) experience

66

preoperational stage

anguage development, using symbols, pretend
play, and mastering the concept of conservation.

67

concrete operational stage

when children develop skills in logical thinking and numbers

68

formal operational stage

involves the development of cog such as abstract reasoning and hypotehticals

69

scaffolding

a highly attentive approach to teaching which teacher matches gudance to the learners need

70

attachment

bond between infant and caregiver

71

bodily contanct

cloth mother over wire mother.

72

strange situation

n as a way of measuring infant attachment
by observing how infants behave when exposed to diff erent
experiences that involve anxiety and comfort.

73

self-awareness

the ability to recognize one’s individuality.

74

egocentric

meaning that they only consider their own perspective

75

theory of mind

he ability to recognize the thoughts, beliefs, and expectations
of others, and to understand that these can be diff erent from
one’s own

76

introjection

The internalization of conditional regard of s others

77

inductive discipline

involes explaing consequences to others people

78

Primary sex traits

reproduction

79

Secondary sex traits

are changes in body that are not reproduction. Pubic hair, breast size, muscle ass

80

menarche

mensturation

81

spermarch

ejaculation

82

Preconventional morality

Characterized by self-interest in seeking reward or avoiding
punishment.

83

Conventional morality

Regards social conventions and rules as guides for
appropriate moral behaviour

84

Postconventional morality

Considers rules and laws as relative. Right and wrong
are determined by more abstract principles of justice
and rights.

85

Dementia

Mild to severse distruption of mental function: memory loss, distorentation, poor judgement, and decison making

86

The First Horseman criticism

focus on change

87

defensiveness

“It’s not
my fault! You do x, y, and z too

88

The Third Horseman—
Contempt

Contempt
creeps in when one
partner feels superior to the
other

89

generativity

being engaged
in meaningful and productive work, as well as making contributions
to future generations.

90

sensitive stages

4 months

91

nomothetic

understand personality are relevant to whol populoations of people