A11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A11 Deck (100):
1

إحَالَة

referring, reference, referral, commitment,
relegation, remittance, submission,
submitting, forwarding, sending,
transfer(ence), conveyance; transmission,
transmittance

2

:مُعْتَقَل
مَوْقُوف، مَحْبُوس

arrested, under arrest, detained, interned,
confined, in (legal) custody, apprehended,
held; prisoner, inmate; internee; detainee

3

اِصْطَحَبَ
راجع صاحَبَ

-

4

:مُؤَازَرَة
مُسَانَدَة

support, backing (up), assistance, aid, help

5

مُسْتَحَبّ

desirable, (re)commendable; agreeable,
pleasant, nice; desired, sought after, wished
for; popular, wellliked,
favorite; preferred,
chosen

6

:لَفَتَ، لَفَّتَ
لَوَى، عَطَفَ

to turn, bend, incline

7

:اِسْتِنْكار
شَجْب

condemnation, denunciation, denouncement,
censure, disapproval, deprecation

8

:عِنَان

-

9

سَيْرُ اللِّجَام

rein(s)

10

وَعَظَ

to preach (to); to sermonize; to exhort,
admonish

11

:وَغْد
نَذْل

scoundrel, rascal, rogue, rapscallion, scamp,
villain; mean, vile, villainous, depraved,
miscreant

12

طَعْن: قَذْف، تَشْهِير

defamation, slander, libel, vilification,
vituperation, calumniation, calumny

13

إِعَاقَة : تَعْطِيل ، عَرْقَلَة

arrest(ing) ; barring ; blockage ; blocking ; check(ing) ; closing ; closure ; confinement ; constraint ; delay(ing) ; detaining ; detention ; encumbering ; frustration ; halt(ing) ; hampering ; handicapping ; hindering ; hindrance ; holding (back) ; holding up ; impeding ; keeping (back) ; obstruction ; obturation ; occlusion ; plugging ; prevention ; putting off ; repression ; restraining ; restraint ; retardation ; retention ; sealing ; shut(ting) ; shutoff ; stay(ing) ; stop(page) ; stoppage ; stopping ; stopping up ; suppression ; thwarting ; withholding
detaining
- noun gerund of verb to detain
- the act or an instance of hindering; the state of being hindered
- action of obstructing or being obstructed or thing that obstructs; obstacle

14

أَحَاقَ ( فعل ) : أَحاطَبِـ

band
- put a band on or round something
- close in on all sides; have on all sides; hem in; assail; encompass
- to keep or restrict (within certain limits) or to shut up; imprison
- to enclose or separate with a cordon of police etc
- to surround someone or something completely
- to surround with a wall or a fence
- to include a wide range of ideas,subjects,etc
- to surround or enclose
- to wrap,cover or surround something or someone
- to engulf,encircle or surround something
- make a circular mark round something
- come or be all round; encircle
- envelop in folded or soft encircling material; arrange or draw round

15

رَوَّعَ : خَوَّفَ ، أَفْزَعَ

alarm ; dismay ; frighten ; horrify ; intimidate ; overawe ; panic ; scare ; shock ; terrify ; terrorize
affray
- scare or frighten somebody
- fill somebody with horror or dismay; shock deeply
- intimidate, force; force somebody to do something by using one's strength or by intimidating him
- to make someone feel afraid or less confident
- fill with fear,worry and discouragement
- feel fear about or toward
- frightened, scared
- to fill with fright or terror; alarm suddenly
- arouse horror in; shock
- terrify, frighten
- restrain by awe or keep in awe
- fear; frighten
- frighten; intimidate; horrify
- utter the word shoo; to cause fear
- frighten; scare; panic; horrify; fill with terror.
- fill with terrorl; use terorrism against.
- frighten; disturb; scare; terrify

16

إتّسَمبِ ( فعل ) : اِتّصَفَ،تَمَيّزَ

be bear ; be carry ; be characterized by ; be distinguished by ; be have as a chararcteristic or mark ; be marked by ; be possess as a distinctive feature or property

17

عَقَبَة : عائِق

(stumbling) block ; bar ; barrier ; difficulty ; disadvantage ; handicap ; hindrance ; impediment ; obstacle ; obstruction

18

أنْكَر : نَفَى ، تَبَرّأَ مِنْ ، جَحَدَ

contradict ; controvert ; deny ; disaffirm ; disavow ; disclaim ; disown ; disprove ; gainsay ; impugn ; recant ; refuse to have anything to do with ; renege ; renounce ; repudiate ; retract

19

رَجَاحَة
راجِح ( اسم ) : غالِب

outbalancing ; outweighing ; predominant ; preponderant ; superior
likely ; probable

20

كَفَّة
كَفة الميزان

- edge; seam; hem
- Scalepan
- Balance Of Pan
- Pan; Scale

21

مَنْشُود ( اسم ) : مَطْلُوب

desired ; pursued ; sought (after)

22

إِشَاعَة : مَصْدَرُ أَشَاعَ : نَشْر

circulation ; disclosure ; dissemination ; divulgence ; propagation ; publication ; putting into circulation ; revealing ; revelation ; spreading
notice
- an intimation or warning, especially a formal one; a formal announcement or declaration of intention
- spreading or state of being circulated;known by a lot of people
- official annoucement,especially a news report
- scattering;sprinkling;spreading
- spreading ,reproduction ,or multiplication
- uncovering; making known or public
- the act of revealing (facts, secrets, etc)
- a favourable description in advance; publicity

23

تَرْشِيق (خطأ إملائي)
الصحيح : تَرْشِيد
تَرْشِيد : عَقْلَنَة

Rationalization
direction
- control, management,or advice; management from the director of a film,play or television programme
- act of directing something towards a particular purpose or according to the plan
- guiding or controlling
- steering;controlling the direction of a ship
- advice; consultation; opinions; suggestions
- guiding; directing; leading
- the act of directing or constructing
- guiding or directing
- guidance or showing the way to
- noun gerund of verb (to usher)
- showing the right path or manner of behaving (to)

24

خِذْلان ( اسم ) : تَخَلٍّعَنْ

desertion
- leaving,abandonment
- the noun gerund of verb to forsake
- failing to support
- desertion; forsaking

25

مُحَاذِية : مُحَاذِي ( اسم ) : مُقَابِل
ماضي : حَاذَى
مضارع : يُحَاذِي

Along
; alongside of ; face to face with ; facing ; in front of ; opposite (to)

26

رُبْوَة ( اسم ) : أَكَمَة

Highland
- an area of the country where there are a lot of mountains
- a naturally raised area of land, not as high as the mountain
- a small hill or mound
- a very small hill
- the crest of a hill or of rising ground
- small round hill or mound
- mass of piled up earth; small hill
- a large area of high flat land
- a hill or rocky peak.

27

شارِدة : شَارِدْ ( اسم )
ماضي : شَرَدَ
مضارع : يَشرُدُ

Errant
; erratic ; fugitive ; roaming ; roving ; runaway ; running away ; straggling ; stray(ing) ; tramp ; vagabond ; vagrant ; wandering

28

أَرتال : مفردها :رَتْل ؛ طابورٌ

Queue

29

عَوائل : مفردها :عائِلَة ( اسم ) : أُسْرَة

Family
house ; household

30

تَحظى: يَحْظَى بِ ( فعل ) : يَحصُل
ماضي : حَظِيَ

Achieve
acquire ; attain ; find ; gain ; get ; meet with ; obtain ; receive ; win

31

وَجْبَة : ( اسم ) : أكْلَة

Meal
repast

32

حِنْطَة : ( اسم ) : قَمْح (نبات)

Wheat

33

تَفتَرِشُ :اِفْتَرَشَ ( فعل ) : بَسَطَ ، مَدَّ

Circulate
- to(cause to) go round continuously; move from place to place freely or to circularize; send circulars to
- offer or give something, or make something longer or larger
- make flat ;even smooth ; unbroken ; with out projection or indentation
- make or become flat
- to make or become longer
- to make level, even, uniform
- spread through every part
- vary or extend between specified limits
- extend to something; be able to stretch up, out etc
- unroll; spread out
- extend or spread
- to open out
- spread out
- flatten something with a roller

34

اِلْتِهابات : مفردها : : اِلْتِهاب ( طب )
ماضي : اِلتَهَبَ
مضارع : يَلتَهِبُ

Inflammation
- ignition, burning

35

رَضِيعاً ( اسم ): طِفْلٌ يَرْضَع
ماضي : رَضِعَ
مضارع : يَرضَعُ

At the breast
; baby ; infant ; newborn ; nursling ; sucker ; sucking ; suckling

36

فَنَاء : ( اسم ) : اِنْدِثار ، هَلاَك

(total) loss
; (utter) destruction ; doom ; eternal damnation ; perdition ; ruin ; wreck(age)

37

مُعَوَّق : ( اسم ) : ذُوعاهَة ، عاجِز

A totally crippled person
- lame; disabled; crippled
- unable to walk or move properly, through weakness or injury in the spine or legs
- having a defect in body; handicapped
- weak , infirm
- suffering from a physical or mental disability
- hindered, obstructed
- disabled, crippled
- incapacitated, disabled
- person feeble or disabled by illness or injury
- disabled in the foot or leg; unable to walk normally
- unhealthy, diseased
- cripple or infirm

38

خَدَر( اسم )

Creep(iness)

39

صادَفوني : صادَف ( فعل): اِلْتَقَى مُصَادَفَةً
مضارع : يُصَادِفُ

Bump into
; chance upon ; come across ; come upon ; encounter ; fall in with ; happen upon ; hit upon ; light upon ; meet by chance or unexpectedly ; run into

40

رُحَماء : مفردها : رَحِيم : ( اسم )

Merciful

41

وَعِرة : ( اسم ) : أَرْضٌ وَعِرَة

Badlands
- barren regions
- having an uneven or irregular surface; not level or smooth, harsh in taste, sound etc

42

اِلْتَمَعَت ( فعل ) : بَرَقَ
مضارع : تَلتَمِعُ

Sparked
- (of a light, etc) twinkle; shine or flash intermittently
- throw out light and heat without flame
- make or become brighter or lighter, more cheerful, etc
- to flash, sparkle
- to blind temporarily or confuse the sight of by an excess of light or to shine
- (of a light) shine unsteadily or fitfully
- shine dazzlingly or disagreeably
- emit gleams or shine with a faint brightness
- flash or cause to flash; glitter; sparkle; reflect
- shine, especially like a wet object, snow, etc; glitter
- shine, especially with a bright reflected light; sparkle
- blaze; flash; shine; glitter
- lighten; illuminate
- shine, glitter
- cause something to shine
- emit or seem to emit sparkle; glitter
- shine ; glimmer or blink ; wink.

43

تَهَشّم : ( اسم ) تَحَطّمَ ، تَكَسّرَ
ماضي : هَشَّمَ
مضارع : يُهَشِّمُ

Be or get smashed
; break (into pieces) ; broken ; crash ; destroyed ; shatter ; shattered ; smash

44

اِلْتِهابات (جمع) : اِلْتِهاب ( طب )

Inflammation
- ignition, burning

45

مَواشينا :مَواشِي : مفردها : ماشِيَة : إِبِل وَبَقَر وَغَنَم

Cattle
- oxen (bulls,cows,etc)
- animals that are kept on a farm regarded as an asset

46

غَصّت بِ : غَصَّ ب : ( فعل ) : اِزْدَحَمَ ، اِمْتَلأ
مضارع : يَغُصُّ ب

Be congested with
; be crammed with ; be full of ; be jammed with ; be overcrowded with ; be packed with ; be serried with ; be swarm with ; be teem with

47

مُعِدّ : ( اسم ) : مُدَبّر
ماضي : أعَدَّ
مضارع : يُعِدُّ

Arranger
; author ; designer ; deviser ; maker ; preparer

48

زاخو : مَدينة في كُردستان العراق

Zaxo ( name of a city )

49

كَسِب : ( فعل ) : حَصَلَ على , حَقَّقَ

Accomplish
achieve ; bring about ; bring upon oneself ; cash ; collect ; derive ; draw ; draw on oneself ; earn. win ; incur ; realize ; receive ; secure

50

يَفتَرِشُ : اِفْتَرَشَ ( فعل ) : بَسَطَ ، مَدَّ

Flagging
flooring ; paving ; scabbing ; tiling

51

نُعَوِضُ : عَوَّضَ ( فعل ) : :أَعْطاهُ إِيَّاهُ بَدَلَ ما ذَهَبَ
مضارع : يُعَوِّضُ

Compensate somebody
- to make a suitable payment, give something to give up(for loss,injury,etc)
- recompense(a person) or to make amends for
- compensate, redress, recompense
- compensate for something
- compensate for something; balance
- put right ( a wrong ); compensate for something

52

تَلْقَ : لَقِي ( فعل ) : وَجَدَ

Find
- discover by chance or effort
- stand opposite to, front towards; have its front on the side of a street, etc; have the front facing or directed; furnish with a front
- confront, meet, oppose
- get, accept, or take ( something sent, given, etc )

53

جانِب : ( اسم ) : حَدْ

Side
; border ; direction ; edge ; fringe ; half ; hem ; margin ; part(s) ; region ; rim ; section

54

تُغتَفَر: اِغْتَفَرَ ( فعل ) : صَفَحَ عَنْ
مضارع : يَغتَفِرُ

Absolve
- forgive someone for his sins and mistakes
- to overlook or forgive (an offence)
- stop blaming or wanting to punish (sb )
- fail to notice; ignore, condone (an offence etc) or have a view from above
- to forgive someone

55

تَشَتُّت ( اسم ) : تَفَرُّق
ماضي : تَشَتَّتَ
مضارع : يَتَشَتَّتُ

Be scattered
; break up ; disband ; dispelled ; disperse ; dispersed ; scatter ; separate ; strewn about

56

شَرْخ ( اسم )

Bloom
; prime ; spring

57

خانَت : خَانَ : ( فعل ) : غَدَرَ , خَدَعَ
مضارع : يَخُونُ

Act treacherously toward
betray
to double-cross ; be disloyal to ; desert ; forsake

58

يَندَمِل : ( فعل ) : يَلتَئِمْ
ماضي : اِندَمَلَ

Heal

59

مُشَتّت ( اسم )

Disbanded
; driven away ; eliminated ; removed ; separated

60

إِنْضَاج ( اسم ) : مَصْدَر أَنْضَجَ : تَسْوِيَة
ماضي : أنضَجَ
مضارع : يُنضِجُ

Maturation
- the period during which something grows and develops
- noun gerund of verb (to ripen)

61

اِسْتَعَرَت : اِستَعَرَ ( فعل ) : اِتَّقَدَ ، اِشْتَعَلَ
مضارع : يَستَعِرُ

Be completely on fire
- burn with flame; fire continuously with rifles, etc; be bright with color; burst out with strong feeling; shine brightly or with warmth
- damage, hurt or destroy by fire, heat or acid; be on fire or alight; make by heat; be hurt or spoilt by fire; be or feel warm or hot; be passionate
- start inflaming; begin to blaze
- inflame or blaze
- begin to burn
- flamed, burnt
- emit or cause to emit flames
- caught fire, started burning
- burn or cause to burn suddenly with a bright unsteady flame
- blaze; flash; shine; glitter
- set fire to, catch fire
- ignite, burn

62

مَسْطَرَة : ( اسم ) : أدَاةٌ لِلتّسْطِير

- ruler
- straight strip of wood, plastic, etc used for measuring or drawing straight lines

63

تَزعم :يَزعَمُ : ( فعل ) : اِدّعَى ، قالَ
ماضي : زَعَمَ

Allege
; claim ; contend ; maintain ; pretend ; profess ; purport ; say ; state

64

مَرْمُوقة : مَرمُوق : ( اسم ) : بارِز،هامّ

Distinguished
; eminent ; illustrious ; important ; notable ; noted ; outstanding ; remarkable ; significant

65

شَهِيّة : شَهِي : ( اسم ) : لِذة , لَذِيذ

Appetite
- carnality
- word meaning connecting with the body or sex
- sexual desire ; lust
- a strong hope or wish: a strong longing: strong sexual attraction
- fervent desire
- noun gerund of verb to lean
- person' s desire to have sex
- violent desire to possess something, especially strong sexual desire; passionate enjoyment or instance of this
- state of being full of lust
- excessive sexual desire in a woman
- a general tendency and direction (esp. of events, fashion, or opinion etc.)

66

مُغْتَصَبَة : مُغتَصَب : ( اسم ) : مُنْتَزِعة ، مُبْتَزّة
ماضي : اِغتَصَبَ
مضارع : يَغتَصِبُ

Raped
; exactor ; extorter ; extortion ; usurper

67

اِكْتَسَحَت : اِكتَسَحَ ( فعل ) : اِجْتاحَ
مضارع : يَكتَسِحُ

Infest
- invade, overrun
- shift or clear with a shovel
- carry away; sweep
- overrun

68

تَقَلُّب : ( اسم ) : تَغَيُّرٌ في المَوَاقِفِ أو المِزاج
ماضي : تَقَلَّبَ
مضارع : يَتَقَلَّبُ

Instability
- unpredictability in behavior etc.
- act of sudden change of mind or behavior
- change in one's attitudes,mood,thoughts,ethics,etc
- the state of being freakish
- changeableness, unsteadiness
- the quality of becoming annoyed or angry easily
- the state of being unstable
- the state of being unsteady
- the state of being variable; changeableness
- state of being whimsical
- an untidy or confused state .

69

تُشيرُ: يُشِيرُ : ( فعل ) : يَدُلّ: على
ماضي : أشَارَ

To allude to
to point out
to point at

70

تَعَافي : ( اسم ) : شِفَاءْ
ماضي : تَعَافَى
مضارع : يَتَعَافَى

Recovery
becoming better

71

مَحاصيل : مفردها : مَحْصُول ( اسم ) :
غَلّة ، دَخْل ، نِتَاج

Bearing
; crop ; fruit(s) ; harvest ; incomings ; make ; output ; proceeds ; produce ; product(ion) ; receipts ; returns ; revenue ; takings ; turnout ; vintage ; yield

72

إرْضاء ( اسم )
ماضي : أرضَى
مضارع : يُرضِي

Contenting
gratification ; pleasing ; satisfaction ; satisfying

73

زَهِيداً : ( اسم ) : ضَئِيل ، قَلِيل

Exiguous
; fiddling ; fractional ; frivolous ; inadequate ; insufficient ; modest ; scarce ; slender ; slim ; unimportant ; worthless

74

اِحْتِوَاء : ( اسم ) : اِشْتِمَال ، تَضَمّن
ماضي : اِحتَوَى
مضارع : يَحتَوِي

Comprehension
; containment ; embracement ; encompassment ; inclusion
- containment
- having or holding within itself; inclusion
- to include something as part of a subject or discussion
- including a wide range of ideas,subjects,etc
- prolixity or elaborateness
- generality or comprehensiveness
- implication, containment
- power of including

75

جَرِيش : ( اسم ) : مَجْرُوش ، جُرِش

Grated
- milled; crushed

76

سِكة : ( اسم ) : سِكَة الحَديِد

Railway

77

إهْرَاءات : أهْرَاء : حَظِيرة

Barns

78

تَظْلِيل : ( اسم ) : إِلْقاءُ الظِّلِّ على
ماضي : ظَلَّلَ
مضارع : يُظَلِّلُ

Overshadowing
- casting a shadow over
- the overshadowing
- shading; over shading

79

مَنْسُوب : ( اسم ) : مُسْتَوىً

level

80

أعلاف : مفردها : عَلَف : ( اسم ) : طَعام الدَواب
ماضي : عَلَفَ
مضارع : يَعلُفُ

Animal feed
Forage

81

شَحِيح : ( اسم ) : ضَئِيل
ماضي ي: شَحَّ
مضارع : يَشُحُّ

Insufficient
; meager ; scanty ; scarce ; short ; sparse

82

صاعِق : ( اسم ) : صاعِق ( التَّفْجِيرِ أو المادَّةِ المُتَفَجِّرَةِ )

Detonator
- a part of a bomb or shell that starts the explosion

83

يوقِظ : ( فعل ) : أيقَظَهُ , حَرَكَهُ , أفاقَهُ
ماضي : أيقَظَ

Arouse
; Awaken; Rouse; Wake; Waken

84

اِسْتِدْراك ( اسم ) : اِسْتِدْرَاكِي
ماضي : اِستَدْرَكَ
مضارع : يَستَدرِكُ

Disjunctive
- (of a conjunction) expressing a choice between two words

85

مُلْهِمة : مُلْهِم ( اسم ) : مَنْ يُلْهِم , يُوحِي
ماضي : ألهَمَ
مضارع : يُلهِمُ

Inspirer
Inspirational

86

يَختَمِر : ( فعل ) : يُصبِحُ خَمراً
ماضي : اِختَمَرَ

Ferment
; Yeast

87

إِزَالَة : ( اسم ) : مَحْو
ماضي : أزَالَ
مضارع : يُزِيلُ

Abolition
- extermination or termination
- blotting out
- rubbing or wiping out
- getting rid of something
- expelling something or getting rid of it
- the act of completely removing or destroying something
- quickly fading or soon disappearing from the memory
- annihilation or extinction
- action of making extinct
- the act of blotting out or destroying
- the noun gerund of verb to remove
- the act of erasing by rubber
- putting aside
- removing, removal, eliminating
- annulling; obliterating; erasing; removing
- annulling; obliterating; erasing; removing; destroying and annihilating
- the action or process of wrecking
- removal;discharge;deposition

88

مُشْتَقّات : مفردها : مُشْتَقْ : ( اسم )
ماضي : اِشتَقَّ
مضارع : يَشتَقُّ

Derivatives

89

مُبَشِّر: : مُبَشِّرًا ( اسم ) : وَاعِدًا
ماضي : بَشَّرَ
مضارع : يُبَشِّرُ

Favorable
hopeful
promise
- in a promising way

90

إقْصاء : ( اسم ) : إبْعاد
ماضي : أقْصَى
مضارع : يُقْصِي

Dismissal
; disqualification ; driving away ; dropping ; elimination ; exclusion ; expulsion ; forcing out ; putting aside ; putting out ; removal ; sending away ; setting aside ; taking away

91

تهادنية

From truce
shaky

92

صُلْب : ( اسم ) : صَمِيم

Bottom
; center ; core ; essence ; heart ; innermost ; middle ; pith

93

اِنْهَزَمَ ( فعل ) : غُلِبَ ، قُهِرَ، اِنْكَسَر
مضارع : يَنْهَزِمُ

Defeatism
Defeated
fall
break down
get knocked down , beaten

94

تهادنية

From truce
shaky

95

اِسْتِنْبَاط : ( اسم ) : اِسْتِخْراج
ماضي : اِستَنْبَطَ
مضارع : يَستَنبِطُ

Derivation
; drawing out ; education ; extraction
-
- getting to the essence, genuineness, or depth of something
- getting to the bottom or deepest level and meaning of
- deduction or conclusion
- quotation or extraction
- action of extracting ,or passage
- process of logical and methodical reasoning
- pulling out or getting out .
- belief or opinion which is the result of reasoning
- reasoning; conclusion or deduction

96

مَنَاص: ( اسم ) : مَفَرّ

Choice
; loophole ; option ; refuge ; retreat ; sanctuary

97

مَطَاف : ( اسم ) : دَوَران ، تَجَوُّل
ماضي : طَافَ
مضارع : يَطُوفُ

Circuit
- act of moving in a circle or path that forms a circle around an area, or a journey round this path
- act of moving in a circle
- act of walking round or about
- noun gerund of verb to cruise
- journey or excursion; ramble or circumambulation.
- noungrund of verb ( to tour )
- the act of travelling, esp. in foreign countries or leaving or touring .
- noun gerund of verb ( to travel )
- wandering about or around; strolling
- wandering; strolling

98

إِزَاحَة : ( اسم ) : إِزَالَة
ماضي : أزَاحَ
مضارع : يُزِيحُ

Blotting out
- getting rid of something
- expelling something or getting rid of it
- quickly fading or soon disappearing from the memory
- deletion or cancellation
- action of making extinct
- the act of blotting out or destroying
- removing or being removed
- the noun gerund of verb to remove
- removing, removal, eliminating
- removal;discharge;deposition

99

إنْهاك : ( اسم ) : مَصْدَر أنْهَكَ
ماضي : أَنهَكَ
مضارع : يُنهِكُ

Attrition
; emaciation ; enervation ; exhausting ; exhaustion ; fagging ; fatiguing ; overexertion ; overstraining ; overtasking ; overtaxing ; overtiring ; sapping ; straining ; stressing ; tiring out ; weakening ; wearing away ; wearing down ; wearing out ; wearying

100

صَوَابِيَّة : صَواب : ( اسم ) : صِحَّة , سَدَاد

Appositeness
- state of being apposite
- truth; rightness or being in accord with good taste and convention