Wk 2 May 2014 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Wk 2 May 2014 Deck (300):
1

حثيثة :حَثّ ( الجذر: حثث - المجال: عــام ) : اِسْتِنْهاض

actuation
- motivation, stimulation; inducement; provocation
- the act or an instance of fomenting
- propulsion, impulsion, shoving
- agitation, rousing

2

ببذخ : (الجذر : بَذخ ):بذخ في الإنفاقِ أو العَيش , تَبذِير

to spend lavishly

be or become pompous and conceited
- show off; be proud of
- be or become vain; proud
- display ostentatiously ; show off ; parade
- be or become arrogant

3

(المتأخونين:( الجذر : أخ – المجال : عام 

Brothers

Brethren

4

سيزج : ( الجذر: زج- المجال: ) : دَسّ، أقْحَمَ

to shove, push, thrust, foist, introduce or drive forcibly - to force, press, squeeze, cram, ram

5

للتستر:تَسَتَّرَ ( الجذر: ستر - المجال: عــام ) : تَخَفَّى

be or become hidden
- to hide oneself
- be or become hidden (far from sight);be veiled
- to hide oneself
- be or become concealed

6

فض: ( الجذر: فضض - المجال: عــام ) : فَرَّقَ

eliminate
- to get rid of unwanted thing
- strew about, disperse
- disperse; vanish, disappear or divide
- make wet or dirty by splashing

7

تهدأ: ( الجذر: هدء - المجال: عــام ) : سَكَنَ , هَمَدَ

remit
- make something less intense; relax
- to cool down; be tranquil
- to become gradually weaker
- to become less strong ,active or violent
- be or become weak or thin

8

الخفى: ( الجذر: خفي - المجال: عــام ) : أَخْفَى

- to hide; conceal
- to change someone's appearance so that they look like someone else
- to cover completely or hide from view
- to wrap ,cover or surround something or someone

9

حد سواء: لا فرق بينهم 

without distinction

10

تسربت : ( الجذر: تسرب- المجال: ) : تَسَلّل، اِنْسِلال

infiltration - sneak(ing), slip(ping), steal(ing)

11

التبرع: ( الجذر:تبرع - المجال: ) : إعْطَاء، مَنْح

contribution, contributing, donation, donating, granting, giving

12

فحوله : ( الجذر: حول - المجال: عــام ) : بَدَّلَ , غَيَّرَ , نَقَلَ

change - to make different or leave one place to another ;take off something and put something else on ;leave one train to another ;move to a different house

13

تهوى: ( الجذر: هوي - المجال: عــام ) : سَقَطَ

collapse
- (of a structure)to(cause to)fall down or in, or(of a person) to break down
- to collapse or (of rain ,etc) fall
- to fall down; collapse

14

رادع: ( الجذر: ردع - المجال: عــام ) : زَجْر

forbidding
- prevention; prohibition; forbiddance
- restraint; prevention ;inhibition
- repelling; keeping off ;restraint

15

باهظاً: ( الجذر: بهظ - المجال: صفات ) : غَالِي

costly
- expensive ; costing much
- inconvenient in size, shape; unwieldy
- costing a lot of money
- extremely high
- expensive; costly

16

دق: ( الجذر: دقق - المجال: عــام ) : طَرْق , خَبْط , قَرْع

Banging
- noun gerund of verb to bang .
- noun gerund of verb to batter
- striking; knocking; hitting
- hammering or shaping

17

للإستيلاءL الجذر : استولى – المجال : مالية ):أخذ قهراً

Embezzle , to ; defalcate to

18

وضاع : ضاعَ ( الجذر: ضيع - المجال: عــام ) : فُقِدَ , تَبَدَّدَ , هَلَك

to be lost, get lost
- to go to waste, be wasted
- to perish

19

سنابك : ( الجذر: سنبك - المجال: حيوانات ) : طَرَفُ الحافِر

awl
- small pointed tool for making holes, especially in leather or wood
- the toe or the point of ( the hoof).

20

ينغمسون: ( الجذر: غمس - المجال: عــام ) : اِسْتَغْرَقَ , اِنْهَمَكَ

dive
- to jump into the water with your head and arms first
- involve oneself in
- immerse in ; sink into

21

اعتزال:اِعْتَزَلَ ( الجذر: عزل - المجال: عــام ) : تَنَحَّى عنِ الشَّيْء

declare oneself unconnected with
- detach oneself from
- detach oneself from
- retire or go away; move away or back; detach from

22

المنحل:حَلّ ( الجذر: - المجال: ) : فَضّ (البَرْلَمَانَ إلخ)

to dissolve, disband, break up (a parliament, an organization, a company, etc.)

23

غرس : ( الجذر: غرس - المجال: عــام ) : غَرَزَ , ثَبَّتَ

implant
- instill (a principle, idea, etc. ) in a person's mind
- to put or place something
- put something in particular place
- make or become stable
- attach, fix or thrust
- to focus ;concentrate

24

النذير: ( الجذر: نذر - المجال: صفات ) : مُنْذِر , بَشِير

promising well
- showing signs of future success; favorable; promising; prosperous; of good omen
- for telling of coming good
- preacher of the Gospel
- a sign of something to come

25

المنشية:إسم مكان 

Al-Manshiah

26

المتأسلم L الجذر: أسلمَ- المجال : ديانات): يتظاهر بإعتناقه للإسلام

Converted to Islam

27

الهضيبى:إسم شخص 

Al-Huddibi

28

الباطن: ( الجذر: بطن - المجال: عــام ) : جَوْهَر

essential essence
- substance ;essential meaning (of a book ,etc opposed to its form)
- central or most important part of anything

29

الإكتفاء: ( الجذر: كفي - المجال: عــام ) : اِسْتِكْفاء

content
- contentment ;satisfaction
- large quantity; plenty

30

تغتفر: ( الجذر: غفر - المجال: عــام ) : صَفَحَ عَنْ

absolve
- forgive someone for his sins and mistakes
- to overlook or forgive (an offence)

31

فذاب : ( الجذر: ذوب - المجال: عــام ) : تَحَلَّلَ , سالَ

deliquesce
- to become liquid (for a substance)
- to make something solid become part of a liquid
- to become liquid or make something become liquid
- vanish ; disappear

32

كفيلة: ( الجذر: كفل - المجال: قانون ) : ضَمِنَ

assure
- make someone sure of; tell someone confidently; make safe and certain; ensure; or insure one's life
- to make it certain that something will happen
- give or serve as a guarantee
- guarantee, help or support
- be responsible or liable for

33

بدرء:دَرْء ( الجذر: درء - المجال: عــام ) : دَفْع , صَدّ

cassation
- state of repeal, revocation ,etc
- control; person or thing that checks or restrains or sudden stoppage
- act of proving a person to be wrong ;showing an argument to be false
- restraint ;prevention ;inhibition
- repelling; keeping off ;restraint

34

شراؤها: ( الجذر: شري - المجال: أعمال تجارية ) : اِبْتِيَاع

buy
- a purchase
- noun gerund of verb to buy
- action of buying or something that has been bought
- purchase or take up
- purchase, buying

35

للتماهى : التمازج أو الترابط أو الانصهار بين شيئين وجعلهما واحد

to identify

similarity

36

الحيلولةLالجذر : حال ): منع حدوثه

Preclusion

obstruction

37

لتتبدل: ( الجذر: بدل - المجال: عــام ) : غَيَّرَ

turn
- alter ; change .

- take the place of someone for another

38

البروفايلاتL المفرد : بروفايل)ملف شخصى

Profile

39

ألا : ( الجذر: - المجال: ) : أنْ لا

not to - lest, in order not to, so as not to, that...not

40

يبرز : ( الجذر: برز - المجال: عــام ) : ظَهَرَ

sound
- be or become known
- be clear and obvious
- be or become visible and manifest
- come into view; be visible or manifest

41

التندر: ( الجذر: ندر - المجال: عــام ) : تَنْكِيت , مِزاح

amusement
- thing that makes time pass pleasantly, or state of being amused; recreation; entertainment; enjoyment; fun; diversion
- making fun; joking

42

تماهتL الجذر : تماهى: التمازج أو الترابط أو الانصهار بين شيئين وجعلهما واحد

to identify

similarity

43

التندر: ( الجذر: ندر - المجال: عــام ) : تَنْكِيت , مِزاح

amusement
- thing that makes time pass pleasantly, or state of being amused; recreation; entertainment; enjoyment; fun; diversion
- making fun; joking

44

يتندرون : التندر: ( الجذر: ندر - المجال: عــام ) : تَنْكِيت , مِزاح

amusement
- thing that makes time pass pleasantly, or state of being amused; recreation; entertainment; enjoyment; fun; diversion
- making fun; joking

45

المكلفة: ( الجذر: كلف - المجال: عــام ) : أَرْهَقَ , أَثْقَلَ عَلَى

Tax
- to use almost all of someone's strength
- make excessive demands on (a person's strength etc)
- to make great demands on (a person's power etc.)

46

نقاء: ( الجذر: نقو - المجال: عــام ) : صَفَاء

clarity
- lucidity or clearness
- lucid, obvious, pure, or innocent
- clarity ; pureness ; fineness
- clear ;fine ;having no clouds

47

سُبُل
مفردها : سَبِيل
سَبِيل ( الجذر: سبل - المجال: وسائلنقل ) : طَرِيق , وَسِيلَة

way, road, path, track, course, route
-  channel
-  access
-  means, medium
- method or plan for attaining an object; a certain course of action or state; manner of behaving; a procedure or respect; the normal course of events 
- way of approaching or making progress towards something 
- forward movement in space or time; direction taken by something; line around which something moves; line of action 
- medium of communication or direction or a way of expressing one's ideas,feelings,etc 
- the means or right to use or approach something

48

إِتْقان
  الجذر: تقن - المجال: عــام ) : إِجَادَة)


accuracy 
- precision or exactness (resulting from careful effort) 
- proficiency, skillfulness 
- experience or good acquaitance with subjects, persons, etc 
- truth; rightness or being in accord with good taste and convention 
- skilled workmanship 
- state of being skilful and quick 
- the ability to very quick and skilfull with hands 
- just and including all the details 
- quality of being excellent 
- the act of being careful in matters of choice or taste 
- subtel or delicate manipulation 
- complete control or power over something 
- a small and exact point of difference or detail 
- done in a very exact way 

49

مُسْتَدِيم
  الجذر: دوم - المجال: صفات ) : مُسْتَمِرّ , باقٍ , ثابِت)

lasting 
- durable; enduring 
- enduring and permanent 
- continuing all day; for 24 hours 
- never ending 
- sticking together or consistent;easy to understand 
- following continuously;coming one after the other in regular order 
- going on all the time 
- going on all the time without stopping, or with only short breaks 
- going on without stopping;continuous;resumed 
- going farther;going on (being or doing);resuming 
- going on without a break 
- plentiful, abundant; producing much 
- supported; advocated 

50

اِسْتِحْداث
  الجذر: حدث - المجال: عــام ) : اِخْتِراع , إِحْداث)


creativeness and innovation 
- unique fulfilmet; innovation 
- producing of young; bringing into the world 
- producing; causing 
- causality;causing or being caused 
- inventing(of a new word) or making money 
- invention; capacity to invent or deceitful practice 
- inventing;find a way of doing something 
- act of creating; making; producing 
- power to create; creation 
- ability to create; inventiveness 

51

حَجَبَ
  الجذر: حجب - المجال: عــام ) : سَتَرَ , أَخْفَى)

veiling, screening, covering
-  hiding, concealment, concealing, obscuration, obscuring
-  making invisible
- make blind; deprive of sight; take away power of judgement; deceive; go heedlessly 
- to hide something in a secret place 
- to conceal;hide (thoughts,etc) or cover with a cloak 
- to hide;keep secret 
- to place over or in front of another; hide or protect in this way; lie or extend over; occupy the service of 
- to hide; conceal 
- to cover completely or hide from view 
- to wrap,cover or surround something or someone 
- wrap, cover up 
- make obsecure, dark, indistinct, or unintelligable 

52

مُشَرّع
  الجذر:  - المجال:  ) : مُشْتَرِع)

legislator, lawmaker, lawgiver - lawmaking, legislative, legislating

53

وَلِيّ ا       لأَمْر
وَصِيّ

- Guardian
- Parent
- trustee
- herdsman

54

تَضَاؤُل
  الجذر: ضءل - المجال: عــام ) : تَنَاقُص)

abatement 
- decrease; diminution; reduction 
- shortage or dwindling 
- the state of being diminished or decreased 
- reduction in the size,number, or amount of something 
- noun gerund of verb to drop 
- waning; diminution; lessening 
- dwindling or wane 
- a decrease, deterioration, withdrawal 
- noun gerund of verb to lessen 

55

يَتَلاَئَم
تَلَاؤُم ( الجذر: لءم - المجال: عــام ) : مُلاءَمَة : اِنْسِجام , اِتِّفاق , تَوَافُق


agreement 
- harmony in opinion or feeling 
- agreeing with someone or something; in harmony 
- act of adjusting 
- ability to be in accord or harmony with, or to be pleasing and satisfying to 
- the fact of being in harmony or consistence with, or of being pleasing and enjoyable to 
- harmony; agreement; familiarity; accord 
- making conform or harmonize 
- the ability to exist or be used together without causing problems;accord,conformity 
- agreement or harmony 
- harmony;agreement,consistence 
- harmony;agreement,consistence 
- consistency;the quality of being the same or always being good 
- the quality of being the same or always being good 
- agreement,harmony 
- agreement; harmony 
- the state of being helpful for a particular purpose 
- fitness or suitability 
- suitableness, helpfulness 
- matching,suitability, appropriateness 

56

تَلْقِين
  الجذر: لقن - المجال: تعليم ) : مَصْدَرُلَقَّنَ)

instruction, teaching , dictation
 - the act of saying words for someone to write it down

57

مَصحُوب
(مَصحُوب ( بِـ ) , مَقرُون ( بِـ 

- Accompanied
- associated ( with )
- attended ( with )

58

عَيِّنَة
  الجذر: عين - المجال: عــام ) : نَمُوذَج)

sample, specimen, pattern, sampling ,congener 
- member of the same class or kind with another 
- shape, mold, application, type or style 
- small-scale reproduction of something; design to be copied; person or thing to be copied 
- a small part or amount of things 
- an individual or part taken as an example 
- a class of things or persons having common characteristics ; sort ; kind or model .

 

59

لامبالاة
عدماهتمام،عدماكتراث

- Indifference
- Adiaphorism
- carelessness
- Heed
- Affective Indifference

60

عِوَضاعن
بَدَلامِن, نِيابَةعن , بَدَلَ , بِالنّيابَةِعن , عِوَضَ

- instead of
- in return for
- in replacement of
- in place of
- in lieu of

61

مَنَاحِل
مفردها : مَنْحَل
مَنْحَل ( الجذر:  - المجال: عــام ) : مَنْحَلَة , مَكَانتَرْبِيَةالنَّحْل

apiary
- place with a number of hives where bees are kept

62

حِصَص
مفردها : حِصَّة
مايُدَرَّسُ , مايَتَعَلَّمُهُالمَرْءُ , أُمْثُولَ

lesson
- amount ot teaching given at a time; the time assigned to this; thing learned or to be learned by a pupil; assignment

63

اِسْتِرْضاء
  الجذر: رضو - المجال: عــام ) : طَلَبُالرِّضَا)

- seeking to satisfy
- trying to please
- propitiation
- placation

64

تَضَمَّرَ

تَضَمَّرَ

 الجذر: ضمر - المجال: عــام ) : هَزَلَ)

- be or become thin

- to be or become thin

- become ill or waste away

- to become or cause to become weak due to lack of use or lack of blood; waste away 

65

حَاسِمَه

حاسِم ( الجذر: حسم - المجال: صفات ) : باتّ , فاصِل

- certain and undoubted

- not to questioined

- (of facts,evidence,etc) convincing;ending doubt

- conclusive, decisive, unalterable, putting an end to doubt

- clearly known, to say something very firmly and exactly

- (of a statement)unconditional;absolute;detailed;explicit

- final:to be looked upon as decisive and without the need of or possibility of addition

- an action,event that has a powerful effect,good at making decisions,leading to a clear result 

66

للِاِسْتِيلاء

(إستيلاء: ( اسم 

مصدراِسْتَوْلى

الاسْتيلاءُعلىخَيْراتِالبِلادِ : السَّيْطَرَةُعَلَيْهاأَعْلَنَالجَيْشُاِسْتيلاءهُعلىمَواقِعَجَدِيدَةٍ

الاسْتيلاءُفيالقانُونِ : حِيَازَةُمالٍمُباحٍبِقَصْدِامْتِلاكِهِشَرِيطَةَأَلاَّيَكونَلَهُمالِكٌآخَرُ

اِسْتيلاءُالحُكومَةِعلىسِلَعٍمُسْتَوْرَدَةٍ : حِيازَتُهاجَبْراً

-usurpation 

-taking over 

-takeover

-requisition ( ing )  

-occupation

-expropriation        

-confiscation          

-capture       

-appropriation         

67

لاِجْتِيَاح

اِجْتِيَاح ( الجذر: جوح - المجال: عــام ) : غَزْو , اِكْتِساح

- swarming over

- invasion; overrun

- act of overwhelming

- invasion, overrun

- spread to something

- scavenging, sweeping, invasion

- noun gerund of verb ( to trespass

- the act of conquering or spreading over

- the act of conquering (a place) in great numbers

- a voluntary wrongful act against the person or property of another, esp. unlawful entry to a person's land or property . 

68

سَتَصْطَدِم

(إِصطَدَمَ: ( فعل 

اصطدمَ / اصطدمَبـيصطدم،اصطدامًا،فهومُصطدِم،والمفعولمُصطدَمبه

اصطدمتِالآراءُونحوُها : تضاربَتْ

اِصْطَدَمَبِعَمودٍفيالطَّريقِ : صَدَمَهُ،ضَرَبَهُبِعُنْفٍ

اِجْتَنِبْأَبْناءَالسُّوءِلِكَيْلاَتَصْطَدِمَبِأَحَدِهِمْ : لِكَيْلاَتُصادِفَ،لاَتُواجِهَ

-bump ( I .)   

-run into       

-clash

-impact

-crash

-knock againt

-jostle

-bump up against

69

بِصَخّرَه

صَخْرَة ( الجذر: صخر - المجال: جيولوجيا ) : صَخْر , صَخْرَة

-rock

-crag

-small stone or pebble

- (usually solid) part of the earh's crust, mass of this standing out from the earh's surface or from the sea

70

عَرْش

عَرْش ( الجذر: عرش - المجال: سياسة ) : كُرْسِيُّالمَلِكإلخ , رَمْزٌلِلسُّلْطَة

-throne

-trellis

- a chair of state for a sovereign or bishop etc, or a sovereign power .

71

نِطَاقَه

نِطَاق ( الجذر: نطق - المجال: عــام ) : صَفٌّمنَالجُنُودإلخحَوْلَمَكانٍما

-cordon

- line or circle of police

-range

-area

-ambit

-filed

-zone

-framework

 especially preventing access to or from an area

72

بَرِيقَها

بَرِيق ( الجذر: برق - المجال: عــام ) : لَمَعان

- a gleam; a sparkle

- state of being brilliant

- light; brightness

- shining, glitter

- a gleam; a sparkle

- a faint or brief light

- a slight flash of light ; a glimmer .

- brightness; brilliance; radiance

- the state of being glossy

- radiance; splendour; intelligence

- the quality of being brilliant with colour or decoration; being splendid 

73

يَخّفُت

خَفَتَ ( الجذر: خفت - المجال: عــام ) : خَفَتَالصَّوْتُأوالضَّوْءُإلخ : صارَخافِتًا

- grow faint

-dims

-muffle

- become less bright(for a light);grows weaker(for a feeling) 

74

عَقَبَات

عَقَبَة ( الجذر: عقب - المجال: عــام ) : عائِق

- hinderance; obstruction

- noun gerund of verb to crip

- not be in force or use for a time

-  difficulty

-  handicap, disadvantage

- a hindrance or obstruction

- deferment or procrastination

- causing something not to happen

- frustration ; foiling or hindering

- a thing that hinders; an obstacle

75

عَشْرِيَه

عَشْرِيّ ( الجذر: عشر - المجال: رياضيات ) : عَشْرِيّ , عُشْرِيّ

( رياضيات )

- decimal

- one tenth

-tenth

-denary

76

اِكْرَاه

كُرْه ( الجذر: كره - المجال: مشاعروعواطف ) : كَرْه : بُغْض

- hatred and disgust

- dislike;distaste

- feeling of disgust or horror

- intense dislike or ill will

- strong aversion or disgust

- the state of hating so much

- envy, jealousy, resentment

- a persistent feeling of ill will or resentment

- prolonged mutual hostility,esp. between two families, tribes 

77

يَسْتَنّكِفُون

(إِستَنكَفَ: ( فعل 

استنكفَ / استنكفَعن / استنكفَمنيستنكف،استنكافًا،فهومُستنكِف،والمفعولمُستنكَف

اسْتَنْكَفَمنالشيء،وعنه : أنِفَوامتنع،

استنكفعنالعمل : امتنَعمستكبراً ( وأَمَّاالَّذِينَاسْتَنْكَفُواوَاسْتَكْبَرُوافَيُعَذِّبُهُمْ ) ( لَنْيَسْتَنْكِفَالمَسِيحُأنْيَكُونَعَبْدًاللهِ )

- be proud

- be arrogant

- vaunt ; flaunt

- show off; be proud of

- be or become vain;proud

- to walk in a confident way

- be or become arrogant

- display ostentatiously ; show off ; parade 

78

تُمْلِيه

(أَملى: ( فعل 

أملى / أملىلـيُملي،أمْلِ،إملاءً،فهومُمْلٍ،والمفعولمُمْلًى

أَمْلىعَلَيْهِالزَّمانُ : طالَعَلَيْهِ

أَمْلىعَلَيْهِشُروطَهُقَبْلَتَوْقيعِالاِتِّفاقِ : وَضَعَهاأَمامَهُ،فَرَضَهاعَلَيْهِ

أَمْلىالدَّابَّةَوَلَها : أَرْخَىلَها،وَسَّعَلَهَافيقَيْدِها

-dictates

-imposed by contract       

-imposed by statute           

79

الّعُرُوض

عَرْض ( الجذر: عرض - المجال: عــام ) : اِقْتِراح

- suggestion or provocation

- plan; suggestion or request

- action of recommending

- an opinion or a mental attitude

- proposal, consultation, inspiration, intimation or trace

- talk, speaking, address; saying, conversation, talk or dialogue

- conceiving of an idea or plan;idea or plan that takes shape in the mind

- a belief or assessement based on grounds short of proof, or what one thinks about a particular topic or question 

80

اِرْتَضُوا

(إِرتضى: ( فعل 

ارتضىيرتضي،ارْتَضِ،ارتضاءً،فهومُرتضٍ،والمفعولمُرتضًى

ارتضىالشَّخصَ / ارتضىالأمرَ : رَضِيه،أياختارهوقبِله

ارتضاهلصُحْبته : اختارهورآهأهلاًلها، { وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّلَهُمْدِينَهُمُالَّذِيارْتَضَىلَهُمْ }

-consent to

-lend itself

81

الّتَأَقْلُم

تَأَقْلَمَ ( الجذر: ءكسد - المجال: عــام ) : تَكَيَّفَ

- get used to

- harmonize oneself

- get used to a new thing

- formed; framed; originated

- accommodate; adjust; conform; fit

- become adjusted to new conditions, sitiuations,etc

- arrange; regulate; alter; modify; become or make suited; adapt 

82

الّعَلَن

عَلَنِيّ ( الجذر: علن - المجال: عــام ) : عَلَنِيّ , عَلَن

- unconcealed; done openly

-publc

-- not closed, not enclosed, or ready for business, or not secret, or not finally settled

- concerning people in general or used by everyone or connected with the government

83

حَبّل

حَبْل ( الجذر: حبل - المجال: عــام ) : رِبَاط

- thick , strong rope , wire ,etc

 

-cable

-hawser

-cord

-string

-rope

- a thick rope or cable for mooring or towing a ship

- twisted strands, thicker than string, thiner than rope

- (length of) thick cord or wire made by twisting finer cords or wires together, or number of similar things twisted or strung together

84

بِأطّلاَلَه

(إِطلال: ( اسم 

مصدرأَطَلَّ

الإِطْلالُمِنَالشُّرْفَةِ : الإِشْرافُمِنْهاعلى

-ruins

-debris

-fantatic

-wreckage

85

للّتَطَلُع

تَطَلُّع: ( اسم ) تطلُّع : مصدرتَطَلَّعَ

التَّطَلُّعُإلَىالخَطِيبِ : النَّظَرُإِلَىطَلْعَتِهِ،الاِتِّجَاهُبِالنَّظَرِإِلَيْهِ

تَطَلُّعُعُلُومٍجَدِيدَةٍ : مَعْرِفَتُهَا،عِلْمُهَا

فلانٌكثيرالتَّطلُّعات : طموح،

-aspiration

-impatience

86

هُرَات

هراة[1] (والنسبهروي،بالبشتويةهراتواسمهاالتاريخيآرية)[2] هيمدينةأفغانيةفيمحافظةهراةالأفغانيةتقعغربیأفغانستانيمربهانهرهریرودوالذییتدفقمنوسطالبلد. سکانهاحوالی 349000 حسبتقدیراتعام 2006 الرسمیة. العاصمةالإقلیمیةمدینةهراة. فیها 16 مدیریةوجمرکانعملاقانبـتورغندیقربحدودترکمانستانوالآخرفیبلدةإسلامقلعةعلیمقربةمنالحدودالایرانیة. مساحتهاحوالی 62000 کیلومترمربع.. هراتمدینةأثریةذاتمبانیتاریخیةضخمةوالتیتعرضتللتدمیرالجزئیوالکاملخلالالحروبالاخیرة... هراتتتمتعباقتصادمزدهروالذیینموبسرعةبفضلمنظماتحکومیةوأخریغیرحکومیةومکاتبتابعةللاممالمتحدةوشرکاتخاصة،اجنبیةوافغانیة... منأحیائهاالشهیرةشهرنو،ولایت،قولاردو،فرقة،دروازةخوش،شهارسو،بولرکینة،صوفیآباد،نوآباد،بولمالانوتـختسفر... اضرحةالملکةکوهرشادوعبداللهالأنصاروالخواجةغلطانولییزورهاآلافألافغانیومیا.. یرجعتاریخهیراتالیقدیمالایام. مدیریةشیندندتقععلیمسافة 120 کیلومترجنوبیالمحافظةحیثتتواجدثالثاکبرقاعدةعسکریةامریکیةبعدبغراموقندهار... لقدانطلقتمؤخرامحطاتإذاعیةوتلفازیةعدةبهراتوصحفومجلاتیومیةواسبوعیةوشهریةتغطیأحداثالمنطقة... لقدکاناسمعیلخانحاکمولایةهراتإبانحکومةالمجاهدینالأفغانولکنبعیدسقوطهافیسبتمبر/ایلول 1995 تحتایدیطالبان،هربالحاکمالیایرانلکنمعتوسعدائرةالقتالفیأفغانستانوانسحابمقاتلیطالبانمنهناکإثرأحداث 11 ایلول 2001،أصبحاسمعیلخانفی 12 نوفمبر 2001 حاکماًللإقلیممنجدیدوسطهتافاتمنناصریه... ولکننظرالوقوعاشتباکاتومناوشاتبینإسمعیلخانوأحدقادتهالکبارعام 2004،لقیابنالحاکماسمعیلخانالسیدمیرویسصادقمصرعهوالذیکانوزیراًللطیرانالمدنیآنذاک.. اشتدالصراعبینهاوتمعزلخانمنمنصبهکـحاکمللإقلیممنقبلإدارةالرئیسحامدکرزیوحصلعلیحقیبةوزاریةلاحقاًکـوزیرللماهوالکهرباءفیکابول

[1] (and ratios Heravi , Balbstoah Herat and its historical name Aryan ) [2] is a city in the Afghan province of Herat, Afghan west of Afghanistan is going through Hrیrod river and that flows from the center of the country. Population of about 349,000 according to the 2006 Official estimates. The provincial capital of Herat city . The 16 districts and Jmrکan giants b Torgendی near the border Trکmanstan and the other in the town of Islam castle close to the border of Iran . An area of about 62000 کیlo square meters .. Herat ancient city with historic buildings is huge and which had been destroyed partial and full during the recent wars ... Herat enjoys prosperous economy which is growing rapidly thanks to the organizations, governmental and non-governmental and offices of UN and companies private, Afghan and coalition .. . of revived the famous month Nou, Woolite, say Urdu, band, Derwaza Khosh, Shahar Sue, Paul Rکیna, Sophie Abad, Nu-Abad, Paul Malan and Takht travel ... tombs of Anne کohr Shad and Abdullah al-Ansar and Al-Khawaja Ghaltan Crown visited by thousands of Afghans daily Herat .. date back to the olden days. Directorate of Shindand is located at a distance of 120 کیlo meters south of the province where there are the third largest base of a military Amrیکیh after Bagram and Kandahar ... We have recently launched radio stations and Tlvazیh several Bharat newspapers and magazines daily, weekly, monthly, covering events in the region ... I was Ishmael Khan Ruler of Herat province during the Government of the Afghan mujahideen but far fall in September / September 1995 under the hands of the Taliban, escaped ruling to Iran but with the expansion of the circle of fighting in Afghanistan and the withdrawal of Taliban fighters from Hnaک following the events of September 11, 2001, became Ishmael Khan in November 12, 2001 Haکma of the territory of a new cheers of Nasiriya ... but due to the occurrence of Achtbaکat and skirmishes between Ishmael Khan and one of his commanders adults in 2004, killing son ruling Ishmael Khan, Mr Mirwais Sadiq was killed and who was the minister of civil aviation Anmaک .. intensified the conflict between them have been isolated Khan from his post ک Governor of the province by the Department of President Hamid کrzی and received a ministerial portfolio later ک secretary of mAh and electricity in Kabul

87

خَرَسَان

خراسانالكبرى (تعرفباللغةالفارسية,خراسانبزرگ) منطقةجغرافيةواسعة. منالناحيةالتاريخية: يشملإقليم "خراسانالإسلامي" شمالغربأفغانستان (مثلمدينةحيرات) وأجزاءمنجنوبتركمانستان،إضافةلمقاطعةخراسانالحاليةفيإيران. منمدنهالتاريخية: حيراتونيسابوروطوس (تعرفباسممشهداليوم) وبلخومرو. وكانإقليمخراسانالساسانيأصغرحجماًمنخراسانالإسلامية. فقدكانيمتدمنشرقلوكانيا (جرجان) حتىنهرالمرغاب.

 (known in Persian , Khorasan Bozorg ) wide geographical area. From a historical perspective: includes the territory of "Khorasan Islamic" northwest Afghanistan (such as the city of Herat ) and parts of southern Turkmenistan , in addition to the province of Khorasan in the current Iran . Of historic cities: Herat and Nishapur and Tus (known as the scene of the day) and Balkh and quartz . The province of Khorasan smaller than Sassanian Islamic Khorasan . He was stretching from the east of Lucania ( Gorgan ) until Almrgab River .

88

تَبّرِيز

تبريز (بالفارسيَّةالفهلويَّة: تَپَریز) هيإحدىأهموأبرزالمدنفيإيرانوعاصمةمُحافظةأذربيجانالشرقيَّة.[5][6] تصلمساحةالمدينةإلىحوالي 237,65 كيلومترمُربَّع (91.506 أميالمُربَّعة)،وبذلكفهيرابعأكبرمُدنإيرانبعدكُلٍّمنطهرانومشهدوأصفهان،[7] وثانيأكبرمدينةفيشمالغربالبلاد. تُشكِّلُالمدينةإحدىأقطابالاقتصادالإيراني،فهيتشتهربأعمالهاالإداريَّةوالتجاريَّةوالصناعيَّة،وبقطاعالاتصالات،[1][3][8] ومنأبرزصناعاتهاصناعةالإسمنتوالبتروكيماويَّاتوتجميعالسيَّاراتوالآلات.[9]

تشتهرتبريزبتاريخهاالعريقالإسلاميوقبلالإسلامي،بمافيذلكالعهودالأشكانيَّةوالساسانيَّة،ومنثمَّالعبَّاسيَّةوالخوارزميَّةوالمغوليَّةوالإلخانيَّةوالتيموريَّة،والجلائريَّةوالقرهقویونليَّةوالآق ‌قویونليَّةوالصفويَّةوالقاجاريَّةوغيرها،وقداتُخذتعاصمةًلإيرانخلالعدَّةمراحلمنالتاريخالإسلاميأبرزهاالمرحلتينالصفويَّةوالقاجاريَّة.[10] يتراوحعددسكَّانتبريزاليومبين 1,494,998،[11][12] و2,000,000 نسمة،[13] يقطنحوالي 1.8 ملايينمنهمالمنطقةالحضريَّةللمدينةالمشتملةعلىالضواحيوالبلداتالمُلحقة،ولطالماكانتذاتكثافةسكانيةعالية،وهيمنأكبرمدنالشرقالأوسط،[14] فخلالالعهدالصفويفيالقرنالسادسعشرأصبحتالمدينةمنأكبرالمدنفيالعالم،وخلالالعهدالقاجاريأصبحتأكبرمدنإيرانوأكثرهاكثافةًبالسكَّان.[15] يُشكِّلُالتُركالآذرالأغلبيَّةالساحقةمنسكَّانالمدينة،وتُشيربعضالدلائلالأثريَّة،وفقمااستنتجهالبعضمنالعلماء،أنَّسكَّانهاالأوائلكانوامنأصولٍإيرانيَّةلاطورانيَّة.[1][16] كذلكفقداستوطنتهاقبائلعربيَّةأبَّانالفتحالإسلاميأبرزهاالأزد.[1]

تقعتبريزفيغربمحافظةأذربيجانالشرقيَّة. يحدّهامنالجنوبوالجنوبالشرقيسهوبٌشاسعة،ومنالشمالجبليّپکچینوعونبنعلي،ومنالشمالالشرقيقريتيّباباباغيوگوزني،وعلىالطرفالشرقيمنحدودهاالجنوبيَّةيقعجبلسهند.[1][17][18] يتميَّزطقستبريزبالبرودةالشديدةشتاءًوبالحروالقيظوالجفافصيفًا،نظرًالكونهامدينةداخليَّةلاتعرفالرطوبة.[6]

تعرَّضتتبريزلغزواتٍكثيرةعبرتاريخهاوأيضًاإلىعدَّةزلازلمدمِّرة،ويُعزىذلكإلىموقعهاالجغرافيالمُميَّز،فهيتتمركزعلىالهضبةالإيرانيَّةالتيتُشكّلالامتدادالطبيعيللهضبةالأناضوليَّة،وجعلهاموقعهامركزاستقطابتجاريكبيربينالشرقوالغرب،ومازلتالمدينةتحتفظبأهميتهاالتجاريَّةحتىالزمنالحالي،وقدلعبتدورًاأساسيًّافينموّالصناعةالإيرانيَّةوتطويرها[19] وساهمتمُنتجاتهابشكلٍفاعلفيالاقتصادالإيراني.[1][16] منأبرزمعالمالمدينةمجمَّعالسوقالشرقيالمُغطّى (البازار) الكبير،الذياختيرليكونموقعًامنمواقعالتراثالعالميسنة 2010م،[20][21] كذلكهناكموقعتنقيبأثرييرجعإلىحوالي 2500 سنةفيقلبالمدينة،ومتحفٌتُعرضفيهالآثارالتيكُشفالنقابعنهافيتبريز،ويُعدهذاالموقعأيضًامنأبرزالمواقعالأثريَّةفيإيران.

تبريزهيإحدىأكثرالمدنأمانًافيإيران،[22] سواءعلىالمستوىالأمنيأمالصحي،إذتقلفيهانسبةالجريمةوالتسوّل،[23] ويرتفعفيهامستوىالخدماتالصحيَّة،ويقصدهاالناسمنالأنحاءالمجاورةبهدفالحصولعلىنوعيَّةأفضلمنالعلاج،كماتضمثانيأكبرجامعةفيالبلاد.[24]

( Persian Fahloah : Tپrیz ) is one of the most prominent cities in Iran and the capital of the province of East Azerbaijan . [5] [6] up area of the city to about 237.65 square kilometers (91.506 square miles), and so it is the fourth largest city in Iran after all of Tehran , Mashhad , Isfahan , [7] and the second largest city in the northwest of the country. City is one of the leaders of the Iranian economy, they are famous for their work administrative, commercial, industrial, and communications sector, [1] [3] [8] Among the most prominent industries industry, cement , petrochemicals and automotive assembly and machinery. [9]

Tabriz is famous for its long history of Islamic and pre-Islamic, including covenants Alochkanah and Sasanian , and Qoیohnlah and least Qoیohnlah and Safavid and Qajar and others, have taken the capital of Iran through several stages of Islamic history, most notably the two phases of the Safavid and Qajar. [10] estimated the population of Tabriz today among 1494998, [11] [12] and 2,000,000 people, [13] home to around 1.8 millions of them urban area of the city that include the suburbs and towns annexed, has long been a densely populated, one of the largest cities in the Middle East , [14] During the Safavid period in the sixteenth century the city became one of the largest cities in the world, and during the era Qajarite became the largest city in Iran The most densely populated areas. [15] is a Turk Aladhir the vast majority of the city's population, and suggest some archaeological evidence, according to the understanding of some of the scientists, that the population of the top were the assets of an Iranian to Atoranih. [1] [16] has also Astotntha Arab tribes Aban Open Islamic notably Alozd . [1]

Tabriz is located in the west of the province of East Azerbaijan . It is bordered to the south and south-eastern steppes vast, and North mountain پکچیn and Aoun Ben Ali, and the north-east villages Bababagb and گosne, and on the eastern edge of its southern border lies Mount Sahand . [1] [17] [18] characterized Weather Tabriz cold severe winter and too hot and the heat and drought in the summer, because they do not know the inner city humidity. [6]

Been Tabriz to invasions of many throughout its history and also to several earthquakes devastating, due to its geographical location, it is based on the Iranian plateau , which constitutes a natural extension of the plateau Anatolian , and make its center to attract a large trade between East and West, and still the city remain relevant business until the current time , has played a key role in the growth of Iranian industry and development [19] and contributed to their products effectively in the Iranian economy. [1] [16] of the highlights of the city's complex market east encased (bazaar) the Great, who was chosen to be the site of World Heritage Sites Year 2010 , [20] [21] There is also an archaeological excavation site dating to about 2500 years ago in the heart of the city, the museum displays the effects unveiled in Tabriz, and this is also the site of the most prominent archaeological sites in Iran.

Tabriz is one of the safest cities in Iran, [22] , both on the level of security or health, with less than the rate of crime and begging, [23] and a high level of health services, and frequented by people from parts of neighboring order to obtain a better quality of treatment, also includes the second largest university in the country. [24]

89

وَطَئَتّها

وَطِئَ ( الجذر: وطء - المجال: عــام ) : داسَ

- step on

- to pound

- hit or move

- crush or squeeze

- trample under foot

- walk ; pace or step in

- set foot on, trample down

- tread on , set foot on or run over .

- tread underfoot, or press down or crush in this way .

- to press or crush something into the floor with your feet .

- (of a vehicle or its driver) knock somebody down and pass over his body

- to press, be pressed, so that there is breaking or injury or subdue; overwhelm 

90

خَيّل

خَيْل ( الجذر: خيل - المجال: حيوانات ) : جَمَاعَةُالأَفْرا

-alarm

-horses

91

وَارِد

وارِد ( الجذر: ورد - المجال: عــام ) : مُمْكِن , مُحْتَمَل

- likely

- to be possible

- likely or foreseen

- hoped for or looked for

- likely to exist or happen

- having more power than others

- probable ; possible ; conceivable .

- expected; anticipated; prospective

- bearable ; endurable or agreeable ; acceptable.

- capable of being grasped or imagined;understandable

- awaiting; expecting; predictingl; forecasting; hoping or looking for 

92

الاِنّغِمَاس

اِنْغِماس ( الجذر: غمس - المجال: عــام ) : اِسْتِغْراق , اِنْهِماك

- getting involved in

- throwing oneself into

- involvement in

- mental absorption

- plunging oneself into

- engrossment; devotion

- strong interest with

- attracting the attention

- being occupied or engaged; not free 

93

الّتُسّكَانِيين

توسكانا

(بالإيطالية: Toscana) هوإقليمفيإيطالياتبلغمساحتهحوالي 23,000 كيلومترًامربعًاويبلغتعدادسكانهحوالي 3,750,000 نسمة. العاصمةالإقليميةهيفلورنسا.

تعرفتوسكانابمناظرهاالخلابةوتراثهاالفنيالغنيوتأثيرهالواسععلىالثقافةالعالية. ينظرإلىتوسكاناعلىنطاقواسعبأنهامهدالنهضةالإيطاليةالحقيقيوكانتموطنًالبعضأكثرالناستأثيرًافيتاريخالفنونوالعلوممثلبتراركودانتيوبوتيتشيليومايكلأنجلووليوناردودافينشيوغاليليوغاليليوأمريكوفسبوتشيولوكاباتشوليوبوتشيني. نتيجةلذلك،توجدفيالإقليمالعديدمنالمتاحف (مثلأوفيزيوقصربيتيومتحفكياتشيانوللفنون). يوجدفيتوسكاناتقاليدفريدةمننوعهافيالطهيوتعرفبنبيذها (أشهرهاكيانتيوفينونوبيليديمونتيبولتشانووموريلينوديسكانسانووبرونيلوديمونتالشينو).

أدخلتستةمواقعتوسكانيةإلىقائمةمواقعالتراثالعالميوهيالمركزالتاريخيلمدينةفلورنسا (1982) والمركزالتاريخيلسيينا (1995) وساحةكاتدرائيةبيزا (1987) والمركزالتاريخيلسانجيمينانو (1990) والمركزالتاريخيلبيينزا (1996) وفالدورتشا (2004). علاوةعلىذلك،توجدفيتوسكاناأكثرمن 120 محميةطبيعية. يجعلهذامنتوسكاناوعاصمتهافلورنساوجهةسياحيةشعبيةجدًاتجذبالملايينمنالسياحكلعام. تستقبلفلورنسانفسهامامعدله 10 مليونسائحسنويًاحيثالمدينةإحدىأكثرهازيارةفيالعالم (أصبحتالمدينةفيعام 2007 المدينة 46 منحيثعددالزوارفيالعالممعأكثرمن 1.715 مليونزائر) [3]

( Italian : Toscana ) is a region in Italy, an area of about 23,000 square kilometers and has a population of about 3,750,000 people. Is the regional capital Florence .

Tuscany known for its beautiful scenery and rich artistic heritage and its impact on the broad high culture . Tuscany is seen widely as the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance and the real has been home to some of the most influential people in the history of the arts and sciences such as Petrarch and Dante and Botticelli and Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo Galilei and Americo Vespucci , Luca patchouli and Puccini . As a result, there are many in the region of museums (such as the Uffizi and Pitti Palace and Kiatciano Museum of Art ). There are traditions in Tuscany unique cooking and know Npivha (best known Chianti and Vino de Nobila Montabulcano and Murelino de Scansano and Brunello di Montalhino ).

Introduced six locations Tuscan to the list of World Heritage sites , a historic center of Florence (1982) and the historic center of Siena (1995) and Square Cathedral of Pisa (1987) and the historic center of San Gimignano (1990) and the historic center of Byinza (1996) and Val Dorcha (2004). Moreover, there are in Tuscany more than 120 nature reserves . This makes Tuscany and its capital Florence and a very popular tourist destination attracts millions of tourists every year. Florence itself receives an average of 10 million tourists a year where one of the most visited city in the world (the city became a city in 2007, 46 in terms of number of visitors in the world with more than 1.715 million visitors) . [3]

94

ضَمّرَت

ضَمَرَ ( الجذر: ضمر - المجال: عــام ) : هَزَلَ

- be or become thin

- become ill or waste away

- to be or become thin

- to become or cause to become weak due to lack of use or lack of blood; waste away 

95

الّتَوابِل

تَوابِل: ( اسم ) تَوابِل : جمعتابِل

الأبَازِيرُلِتطْيِيبِالطَّعَامِ

-Season       

-creole ( ADJ .)        

-caster ( N .) 

-saveloy       

-seasoner     

96

مُلّتَفِين

اِلْتَفَّ ( الجذر: لفف - المجال: عــام ) : تَحَوَّى , صارَمُلْتَفًّاأومَلْفُوفً

-to wind

-twist

-coil

- curl

- furl

- convolute

- to twist or coil

- roll up and secure a sail, etc; become furled

97

لِفَلتَقَاء

خطأ مطبعي : الكلمة الصحيحة
لإِلْتِقَاء

Misprint: the correct word

Confluence

98

مَرّفَا

مَرْفَأ ( الجذر: رفء - المجال: ملاحة ) : مِيناء

- port; anchorage

port, harbor, haven, seaport, anchorage

- a place in which the ships load

- a town or place where ships can load

- place where ships, etc may anchor safely

- a shelter or a place of shelter especially for ships

- a pier or breakwater constructed to protect or defend a harbour, coast, etc; a landing-pier 

99

ضُمُور

ضُمُور ( الجذر: ضمر - المجال: أدويةوأمراض ) : هُزَال , نُحُول

-  emaciation

- slenderness; slimness

- slenderness; slenderness

-  slimness, slenderness, sveltness

- becoming weak and thin

- defect, incompleteness

- emaciation; leanness 

100

الّشَرّق

شَرق: ( اسم ) الجمع : شروق،وأَشْرَاقٌ

الشَّرْقُ : الشمس

الشَّرْقُ : جهةشُروقالشمس

الشَّرْقالأدنى : اسميطلقعلىمناطقآسياالغربيّةالواقعةعلىالبحرالأبيضالمتوسِّط،شمالتركيا،قبرص،سورية،لبنان،فلسطين،وحتَّىمصر

-east

-levant

101

الأّدْنَى

(أَدْنَى: ( اسم 

الجمع : أدنونوأدانٍ،المؤنث : دُنيا،والجمعللمؤنث : دُنْيياتودُنًى

بُلْدَانُالشَّرْقِالأدْنَى ( جغرافيا ) : مِنْطَقَةٌتَضُمُّالبُلْدَانَالْمُطِلَّةَعَلَىالحَوْضِالشَّرْقِيِّمِنَالبَحْرِالْمُتَوَسِّطِ

-near

-lowermost

-rock bottom

102

لِمَرّفَأ

مَرْفَأ ( الجذر: رفء - المجال: ملاحة ) : مِيناء

- anchorage

- seaport

-harbor

-port

- port; anchorage

- a place in which the ships load

- a town or place where ships can load

- places where ships, etc may anchor safely

- a shelter or a place of shelter especially for ships

- a pier or breakwater constructed to protect or defend a harbour, coast, etc; a landing-pier 

103

للِتَغَلّغُل

تَغَلغَلَ: ( فعل )

تغلغلَفييتغلغل،تغلغلاً،فهومُتغلغِل،والمفعولمتغلغَلفيه

تَغَلْغَلَالْمَاءُبَيْنَالشِّعَابِ : جَرَىفِيهَا

تَغَلْغَلَفلانٌ : تَطَيَّبَبالغالية

تغلغلفيالسُّوق : دخلهوكسبحصّةفيه

-Penetration

-permeation

-penetration

-make its way          

104

دَرّء

دَرْء ( الجذر: درء - المجال: عــام ) : دَفْع , صَدّ

- warding off

-fending off

-staving off

-averting

- turning away

-repulsion

-driving back

-repelling

-- keeping off or back 

105

تَعَدِيَات

تعَدّي: ( اسم ) مصدرتَعَدَّى

التَّعَدِّيعَلَىحُرْمَةِالغَيْرِيُعَاقِبُعَلَيْهِالقَانُونُ : خَرْقُحُرْمَتِهِ،اِنْتِهَاكُهَا

-trespass

-encroachments

106

الاِنّحِدَار

اِنْحِدَار ( الجذر: حدر - المجال: عــام ) : نُزُول , تَحَدُّر

-coming down

-descending

-going down

-downhill

-inclination

- declivity

- an inclined position

- the process of waning

- downward slope

- descending or collapsing

- noun gerund of verb to desc

107

سِكّه

سِكّة: ( اسم ) الجمع : سِكَكٌ

السِّكَّةُ : السَّطرُالمُصطَفُّمنالشجرِوالنخيلِ

السِّكَّةُ : الطريقُالمستوي

السِّكَّةُ : حديدةُالمحراثِالتييحرثبها

-perian

-Rail   

-rail carricr   

-Railway station = railway depot ( US )

108

اِعّتِنَاقِها

اِعْتِناق ( الجذر: عنق - المجال: أديان ) : تَدَيُّن , اِعْتِقاد , إِيمان

-embracement

-conversion

-believing in a religious or a political system

109

مَرَافِئ

believing in a religious or a political system

-anchorage

-seaport

-haven

- harbor

-port

- port; anchorage

- a place in which the ships load 

110

دَبّ

دَبّ ( الجذر: دبب - المجال: مصطلحاتعسكرية ) : زَحْف

- crawl; creep

- noun gerund of verb to creep

- act of crawling; slow rate of movement

- act of moving along with the body close to the floor; move slowly, quietly or secretly

- (act of) moving slowly pulling the body along the ground or other surface(as snakes do);(of human beings) moving on the hands and knees;going slowly 

111

بِجَلِيد

جَلِيد ( الجذر: جلد - المجال: جغرافيا ) : ماءٌمُتَجَمِّد

-ice

-frozen water

-snow

112

الّمِلاحَه

مِلاَحة: ( اسم ) المِلاَحَةُ : حرفةالمَلاَّح

المِلاَحَةُالبَحْرِيَّةُ : فَنُّالسَّفَرِفِيالبِحَارِأَوالأَنْهُرِالكُبْرَى

المِلاَحَةُالْجَوِّيَّةُ : فَنُّالسَّفَرِفِيالْجَوِّ

-navigation

-shipping

-saltworeks

113

مَرّفَأ

مَرْفَأ ( الجذر: رفء - المجال: ملاحة ) : مِيناء

-seaport

-haven

-anchorage

-port

-harbor

- port; anchorage

- a place in which the ships load

- a town or place where ships can load

- place where ships, etc may anchor safely

- a shelter or a place of shelter especially for ships 

114

خَانَات

الخانهيكلمةأعجميةتدلعلىالفندقفيعصرناالحديث،وهيموضعراحةالمسافرين،ومنالخاناتالمشهورةخانمرجانقربجامعمرجانفيبغداد.

الخاناتلفظةٌفارسيّةالأصل،أُطلِقتعلىمكانمبيتالمُسافرين.

الخاناتنوعان: الأوّلأقيمعلىطُرُقالسّفرخارجالمُدنالمتباعدة،والثانيداخلالمدنوالتّجمعاتالسكنية.

كانالنّوعالأوّليُبنىفيبادئالأمرعلىمنابعالمياهومجاريالأنهار؛ويبتعدالواحدمنالآخرمسيرةنهارٍ،أيّمايقاربالثلاثينكيلومترًا. وكانالخانيقدّمالخدماتللتّجاروالرّحالةوالمُسافرينكافةً،ويوفّرلهمالراحةويجنّبهممشقّةومخاطرالسّفرليلاً.

يضمّالخانمستودعاتلحفظالبضائعوإسطبلاتٍمختلفةًلإيواءالعرباتوأنواعالحيواناتالتيلاتتجانسفيالزّرائب. فالخيولتأنفمنروائحالإبل. والبغاللاتسكنمعالحمير. وكانتالإسطبلاتمجهّزةبلوازمإصلاحالمركباتومعداتللعنايةبالدّوابورعايتها. وإلىجانبتلكالمرافقوالخدمات،هناكالحوضفيوسطالصّحنومشربالبهائم،الفرنوالمُصلى،وكذلكالحمّام.

استُعمِلَتفيبناءالخاناتموادتغيّرتمعالموقع. فقدتكونمنطينٍأومنقرميدٍمشويّأونيء،فيالعراقوإيرانومصر،أومنحجارةٍكلسيةٍأوبازلتيّةفيالشّاموتركيا. أمّامنحيثالتّصميم،فكانالخانمربعالمسقط،إجمالاوغالبًابطبقتيناثنتين،تحتلّأركانهأبراجللمراقبةوالدّفاع. وقديحيطبهسورخارجيمدعّموبوابةمصفّحةضخمةمحكمةالإغلاقليلاً،وكأنّهحصنصغير. وكانتغرفالمسافرينموزّعةبينالطّبقتينأوفيالعليافقط. وفيبعضالخاناتالمتواضعة،كانتقاعةالنّوممشتركةًيرقدُفيهاالمسافرون،علىمنصّاتٍمرتفعةٍعنالأرض. وكانوايجلسونعليهانهارًا.

ومنالملاحظأنّخاناتالسّهولكانتأوسعمنخاناتالجبال. كماكانتخاناتالبلادالباردةتخلومنالصّحنالمكشوف. ولقدأخذتالخاناتإجمالا،بعدانتشارالإسلام،تصميمينرئيسين: الأوّلإيرانيبِقَاعاتٍمتطاولةٍموازيةللصحنالمركزي. ولكنّهذاالتّصميممالبثأنأخذشكلالأواوين. وقداحتلتالبوابةفيعمارتهمركزًاعلىجانبٍكبيرٍمنالأهمّية. أمّاالتّصميمالثانيفهوبأربعةأضلاعٍوصحنٍمركزيٍّتحيطبهالأروقة،قديمالعهد،يعُرَفبالطّرازالبحرالأوسطي.

أمّاالنّوعالثانيفكانخاناتالمُدنالتيكانتتشتركمعخاناتالطّرقفيماتقدّممنخدماتٍ؛وتضمّمرافق،وتختلفعنهافيأخرى،إضافةًإلىماكانيمكنأنتقدّمهالمدينةبشكلٍأفضللزوّارها،كالحماموالمسجدوالمطعموشغلالبيطاروغيرذلكمنالضّرورياتوالكماليات. وكماكانتخاناتالطّرقتمثّلالمحطّاتالحسّاسةعلىمفارقالطّرقومجاريالمياهومراكزالحدود،لذلكاحتلّتخاناتالمُدُنمداخلالمدن،خارجالسّورأوداخلهأيامالسّلموفيقلبالأسواقوجوارالحماموالمسجد.

كانتوظيفةالخانفيالمدينةاستقبالالتجاربشكلٍعامٍ،منباعةالجُملةومُروّجيالبضائعومراسليالمستوردينوالوسطاء. وفيهذاالمكانكانيتمّالبيعوالشّراء،وكأنّالمكانلميعدلإيواءالمُسافرينبلاستقبالهمريثمايتمّونتجارتهم. وكماكانلكلّبضاعةٍدار،صارلهاخانيرتبطاسمهبها،إنلميرتبطبإسممؤسّسهأومالكه؛فهنالكخانالحريروخانالحبالينفيدمشق،وخانالجوخفياستنبول،وخانالخيّاطينوالصّابونفيطرابلس،وخانالزّيتوخانالحريرفيحلب. وكانبعضهاعظيمالإتّساعكخانالجُمركفيحلبالذييعودتاريخهإلىعام 1574م. فقدضمّاثنينوخمسينمخزنًا،وسبعًاوسبعينغرفةوسوقينمبنيينبالحجرالمُهندَم،يصلإليهماالضّوءمنقببٍعشرتعلوها. وكانمجموعدكاكينهثلاثمائةوأربعةوأربعين،وإلىجانبهاسبيلانومسجد.

تصميمخانالمدينة،بشكلٍعامٍ،لميتغيّرعلىمرّالعصور. فأخذتخطيطصحنٍمركزيٍمكشوفٍيتوسّطهحوض. وتحيطبالصّحنبوائكأُقيمتالدكاكينتحتها،لتبقىأبوابهامحميّةًمنالحرّصيفًاومنالمطرشتاءً. ومنالنّاحيةالإدارية،قديكونالخانمؤسّسةًدينيّةًمرتبطةًبوقفٍيُحوّلربعهلصيانةمدرسةٍأومسجدٍأوإطعاممسكينٍأوفقيرٍ.

لميبقمنكلّتلكالخاناتإلاّعددقليل؛واقتصرتخدماتهعلىاستعمالمستودعاتهودكاكينهمنقبلمستأجرين،لاتجمعهمإلاّنادرًاتجارةٌمشتركةٌأومِهَنٌواحدةٌ،وربّماسكنتغرفةًعائلاتٌفقيرةٌ.

is the word on the show were foreign hotel in the modern era, which is the subject of traveling convenience, and fields near the famous Khan Murjan Coral mosque in Baghdad .

RTF word of Persian origin, was launched on the place overnight travelers.

Blocks of two types: the first was held on ways to travel outside the cities divergent, and the second inside cities and communities.

The first type was built initially on headwater streams and rivers; and away from each other during the day march, which is about thirty kilometers. The Khan offers services for merchants and travelers and travelers all, and provides them with comfort and help them to avoid hardship and dangers of traveling at night.

Featuring Khan storage warehouses of goods and stables to accommodate different types of vehicles and animals that are not in harmony in the stables. Valkhjul abhor smells of camels. Mules and donkeys do not live with. The stables are equipped with supplies repair vehicles and equipment to take care of and nurtured Baldoab. In addition to those facilities and services, there is a basin in the center of the dish and Disco beasts, the oven and the chapel, as well as the bathroom.

Used in building materials fields changed with the site. May be of clay or brick or uncooked roast, in Iraq, Iran, Egypt, or from limestone or basaltic in Syria and Turkey. In terms of design, Khan was projected box, on the whole, and often two layers two, occupies the corners watchtowers and defense. The external wall is surrounded by and supported by a huge armored gate sealed at night, like a small fort. Rooms were distributed among the passengers or the upper classes only. In some fields modest, was lying in a common sleeping room where travelers, on platforms above the ground. And they were sitting by the day.

It is noticeable that the boxes Plains was wider than the boxes of the mountains. The boxes were cold country devoid of open courtyards. And I took the boxes Altogether, after the spread of Islam, two designs presidents: the first Iranian halls elongated parallel to the central dish. But this design was soon taking shape Alawawin. The gate was occupied in his building a center of great importance. The second design is a four ribs and a central courtyard surrounded by arcades, Old Testament, known as the sea Eastern style.

The second type was the boxes of cities that were involved with boxes of roads in the foregoing services; includes facilities, and different from the other, in addition to what he could make the city better for the visitors, doves, and the mosque and the restaurant and served Bitar and other necessities and luxuries. As roads were boxes represent stations sensitive intersections and streams and border stations, so occupied the entrances to cities, towns boxes, inside or outside the fence days of peace in the heart of the market and the mosque next to the bathroom.

Khan was a function in the city, greeted merchants in general, from wholesalers and purveyors of goods and correspondents importers and brokers. In this place, he is buying and selling, and the place was no longer to accommodate travelers, but do receive them until their trade. As each commodity house, became her Khan's name is associated with it, if not linked to the name of its founder or owner; there is Khan silk Khan Alhbalan in Damascus, and Khan Baize in Istanbul, and Khan tailors and soap in Tripoli, and Khan oil and Khan silk in Aleppo. Some were great dilation Kkhan Customs in Aleppo, which dates back to the year 1574. It has included fifty-two warehouses, seventy and seven rooms and two markets Almhendm stone buildings, light them up from ten domes surmounted. The total Dkakinh three hundred and forty-four, and two ways to its side and a mosque.

Designing Khan city, in general, has not changed over the centuries. So the planning of the central nave Exposed strikethrough basin. Surrounded la carte Boaúk established shops underneath, to keep the doors are protected from the heat in summer and winter rain. Administratively, it may be linked to a religious institution Khan halt converts quarter for the maintenance of a school or a mosque, or feed the poor or poor.

Was left of all those fields only a few; services were limited to the use of warehouses and Dkakinh by tenants, not only rarely brought together by a common trade or profession and one, and probably lived in a room poor families.

Valkhanat if buildings are earmarked for the establishment of travelers and merchant caravans, which have their own importance in Islamic architecture, where known since the early Islamic period. Perhaps the oldest Khan established the Islamic period is Khan which was built by Hisham bin Abdul Malek in 748 AD, close to the western Heer Palace in the Syrian desert.

Known fields Busbandadtha decorated with motifs and beautiful entrances huge arc, which was shut down by Musraei laminated wooden door with iron and copper. And become more Bahatha covered domes and contracts.

And also means (King) when the country beyond the river and the rulers of the Turk Tatars , India and the countries of the Caucasus and the country Balkars in Russia now, and many of the kingdoms of the Islamic East.

115

شَاسِعَه

(شاسِع: ( اسم 

الجمع : شاسعونوشُسَّع،المؤنث : شاسعة،والجمعللمؤنث : شاسعاتوشواسِعُ

شاسعالأرجاء : مُتراميالأطراف،

فرقشاسِع / بَوْنشاسِع : كبير

-vast

-wide

-enormous

116

بُحَيّرَه

بُحَيْرَة ( الجذر: بحر - المجال: جغرافيا ) : مُجْتَمَعمِنْالْمَاءتُحِيطبِهِالْأَرْض

-Lake 

-mere

-lough

-lakelet

-hesitantly

- lake or part of the sea enclosed by land

- large area of water serrounded by land

- lake of sea water partly or completely separated from the sea 

117

لِتَسّعِير

تَسْعِير ( الجذر: سعر - المجال: أعمالتجارية ) : تَثْمِين

- noun gerund of verb to price

- fixing of prices for; estimation

- estimation; assessment; evaluation

- fixing the price by the government

- giving an approximate value,size or cost for something

- system of fixing the price by the government

- forming an idea of the amount,value or cost of something

- action of assessing; evaluation or opinion;or amount fixed for payment

- classification or rankiing of something or somebody according to quality 

118

رُقّعَه

رُقْعَة ( الجذر: رقع - المجال: عــام ) : بُقْعَة

-lot, plot, area, spot

- stain; blot; speckle

- spot; stain, patch

- stain; blot; tarnish

- a small piece of ground

- particular area or position in space

- a spot on the skin ; a freckle

- part of a surface or body or space with or without definite boundaries or characteristics features

- the amount of space that a flat surface covers, or particular part of a country, town, house, office, garden, or particular subject 

119

الّمُنّكَرَه

مُنكَر: ( اسم ) الجمع : منكرات

اسممفعولمنأنكرَ

جَرِيمَةٌمُنْكَرَةٌ : مَعِيبَةٌوشَنِيعَةٌ

-walloping   

-Rout ( n .)    

-enormity ( N .)        

-lurch ( N .)   

-clobber ( VT .)        

120

مُعَرّقَلَتَيَن

مُعَرْقَل ( الجذر:  - المجال: عــام ) : مُعَاق

-obstructionist       

-blocked by

-bunkered    

-bogged down        

121

للّحَد

حَدّ ( الجذر: حدد - المجال: عــام ) : نِطَاق

- area;scope;extent

- field; domain; province

- a range of perception

- the boundary of an area

- limits between which something varies

- limit of territory or estate; limitation; restriction

- a belt or corn worn round the gQiwaist or thing that surrounds like a girgle 

122

الّبَلاط

(بَلاط: ( اسم 

بَلاطُالْمَلِكِ : قَصْرُالْمَلِكِوَمَجْلِسُهُ

البَلاطقَصْرالحاكموحاشيته

-Unicorn Leatherjacket    

-court circle 

-tiles

-court

-cobble

-flagstones

123

الاِطَاحَه

إِطاحة: ( اسم ) مصدرأَطاحَ

الإطاحَةُبِالظُّلْمِوالجَبَرُوتِ : إِسْقاطُهُما،إِنْهاؤُهُما

-overthrow

-Overthrow ( v .)     

-To Overthrow         

124

طَائِلَه

طائِلة: ( اسم ) الجمع : طوائل

الطَّائلةُ : قدرة

الطَّائلةُ : كثيرة،ضخمةثروةطائلة

-Make a packet / a pile      

-penalty

125

نِقّمَه

نِقْمَة ( الجذر: نقم - المجال: عــام ) : سُخْط

- extreme anger

- bad temper

- discontent, displeasure

- state of being irritated

- act of resenting somebody or something

- dissatisfaction;absence of contentment

- strong feeling of displeasure and hostility

- the act or instance of vexing; the state of being vexed 

126

سَتَصّطَدِم

تَصَادَمَ ( الجذر: صدم - المجال: عــام ) : اِصْطَدَمَ

- clash with

- knock against

- to fight;struggle

- come across casually, collide with

- to come together violently ;met and strike

- to come together violently or be in conflict

- collide against; hurt one's head, etc by striking it on something 

127

اِسّتَعَان

(إِستَعانَ: ( فعل 

استعانَ / استعانَبـيستعين،اسْتَعِنْ،استعانةً،فهومُستعين،والمفعولمُستعان

اِسْتَعانَصَاحِبَهُ : طَلَبَمِنْهُالعَوْنَوالْمُساعَدَةَ، { وَإِيَّاكَنَسْتَعِينُ }: منكوحدكيااللهنطلبالعون

-hired

-be helped

128

الّزَحّف

(زَحَفَ: ( فعل 

زحَفَ / زحَفَإلى / زحَفَعلىيَزحَف،زَحْفًاوزَحَفانًاوزُحوفًا،فهوزاحِف،والمفعولمزحوفإليه

زحَفالجيشُإلىالعدوِّ / زحَفالجيشُعلىالعدوِّ : مشىومضىإليهفيثِقَللكثرته { إِذَالَقِيتُمُالَّذِينَكَفَرُوازَحْفًافَلاَتُوَلُّوهُمُالأَدْبَارَ } 

-Crawl           

-creeping

-march

-scramble

-crawling

129

الّقُوَاه

قَوَّى ( الجذر: قوي - المجال: عــام ) : جَعَلَهُقَوِيًّا

-  to enrich

-  to harden

-  to intensify, heighten

-  to corroborate, confirm

- to support or defend

- help to advance, promote

-  to boost, promote, further, support, underpin

130

الّشَاهِنّشاهَات

شاه (بالفارسيةوالكرديةوالأردو)،هيكلمةبمعنىملك. كانلقبملوكإيران،وآخرهمالشاهمحمدرضابهلوي.

( Persian , Kurdish and Urdu ), is the sense of the word king . Was the title of the kings of Iran , and the last of the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi .

131

وِصَايَتِهِم

وِصَايَة ( الجذر: وصي - المجال: قانون ) : وِلايَة , حِرَاسَة

- guardianship; custody

- state of being in charge of a museum, etc

- guardianship ; custodianship or guardianship .

- act of consideration or looking after someone

- wardship ; guardianship or the state or duration of being under this .

132

بَغّيَه

بُغْيَة ( الجذر: بغي - المجال: عــام ) : رَغْبَة , غايَة , هَدَف

-wish

- desire

-aspiration - aim

-purpose

- a desire, request or aspiration; an expression of this; a thing desired

133

رَشَت

رَشْوَة ( الجذر: رشو - المجال: علاقات ) : بِرْطِيل

- bribe; bribery

- a thing given or done to pacify or bribe

- something given, offered or promised to somebody in order to influence or persuade him (often to do something wrong) in favour of the giver 

134

يُضَاهِي

(ضاهَى: ( فعل 

ضاهىيُضاهي،ضاهِ،مُضاهاةً،فهومُضاهٍ،والمفعولمُضاهًى

ضاهاه : ضاهأه؛شابهَه،شاكله،فعلمثلفِعْلهأواعتقدمثلعقيدته،أَشَدُّالنَّاسِعَذَابًايَوْمَالْقِيَامَةِالَّذِينَيُضَاهُونَبِخَلْقِاللهِ ( حديث ): المرادالمُصَوِّرُونَ،

لايُضاهَى : لامثيلله

-Approach   

-equal ( VT .)           

-without peer          

-match

-equal

-compare

-approach

135

الّعَلِي

(عَليّ: ( اسم 

الجمع : عَلِيُّونوعِلْيَة

صفةمشبَّهةتدلّعلىالثبوتمنعلا / علافيوعلِيَ

العَلِيُّ : الصُّلبُالشديدُالقويُّ

عِلْيَةالقوم : أشرافهُموصفوتهموأرفعهمقدرًاوأسماهممكانةًكانمنعليةقومه

-cUSAL

-VOCALIC

136

أتَاتُورّك

مصطفىكمالأتاتورك (بالتركية: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk) ولدفي 19 مايو 1881 فيمدينةسلانيكاليونانيةوكانتتابعةللدولةالعثمانيةوقتئذوتوفيفي 10 نوفمبر 1938. أطلقعليهاسمالذئبالأغبر،واسمأتاتورك (أبوالأتراك) وذلكللبصمةالواضحةالتيتركهاعسكريافيالحربالعالميةالأولىومابعدهاوسياسيابعدذلكوحتيالآنفيبناءنظامجمهوريةتركياالحديثة.

 ( Turkish : Mustafa Kemal Atatürk) was born in May 19, 1881 in the city of Thessaloniki Greek and belonged to the Ottoman Empire at the time and died in the November 10, 1938. dubbed wolf dusty, and the name Ataturk (Father of the Turks) in order to imprint the obvious left by the military in the war First World and Beyond, politically, and then so far in building the system of the Republic of Turkey's modern.

137

الاِقّطَاع

إِقطاع: ( اسم ) مصدرأقْطَعَ

إقْطَاعُالأرْضِ : جَعْلُغَلَّتِهارِزْقاً

-seigneur     

-feudalism

-feudality

138

تُبَوأ

تَبَوَّأ ( الجذر: بوء - المجال: سياسة ) : تَقَلَّدَ ( مَنْصِبًاإلخ

-groom

-to assume

-hold

- take over

- take charge of

-take control of

- take command of

-be in charge of

- fill

-occupy

139

مُوجَعَه

مُوجِع ( الجذر: وجع - المجال: صفات ) : مُؤْلِم

-  distressful

-  grievous, sad

-  causing (intense) pain

-  excruciating, agonizing, tormenting

- painful;torturous

- sadness, grief ,melancholy

- agony ; pain ; torture or grief .

- painful from injury or disease 

140

مُرَابِطَه

مُرَابِط ( الجذر: ربط - المجال: أديان ) : ناسِكٌ ( أووَلِيٌّ ) مُسْلِم

-marabout

-fasteners

-stall

- very pious and religious person

141

للّتَمَلُص

تَمَلُّص ( الجذر: ملص - المجال: عــام ) : هُرُوب

- flight; fleeing; escape

- act of running away

- running away ; escape .

- avoiding; getting away of

- scampering movement

- running away ; escape ; turning tail .

- the act or manner of fleeing

- escape; flight; get-away

- trick;piece of deception 

142

بِحَنّكَه

حُنْكَة ( الجذر: حنك - المجال: عــام ) : خِبْرَة , تَجْربَة

-sophistication

-worldly wisdom

-(worldly) experience

- skill or custom

- close acquaintance

- worldly experience

- experience or knowledge

- knowledge or skill in an activity

- expert's practice or traineeship

- experience and knowledge together; sagacity, prudence, common sense 

143

قَاضِيَه

قاضِيَة ( الجذر: قضي - المجال: عــام ) : مَوْت

-finishing stroke    

-fatal blow    

-deathblow  

- formal death

- natural death

- the end of life of a person or an animal 

144

الّمُتَحَدِر

مُتَحَدِّر ( الجذر: حدر - المجال: عــام ) : مُنْحَدِر

- sloping; dipped

- inclined,sloping

- coming down, falling

- sloping; crosswise

- (of slope) very steep

- slanting; inclined; dipped

- plunged;submerged,sloping

- moving down in a smooth continuous motion

- sloping; turning away from a given direction 

145

مَوَاهِب

مَوْهِبَة ( الجذر: وهب - المجال: عــام ) : مَلَكَة

- high mental ability

- special talent

- natural talent or ability

- gifted or gained talent

- a special aptitude or faculty

- skill at performing some special task

- a quality that someone has naturally

- a quality or ability that someone has naturally 

146

الّمُحَاذِيَه

مُحَاذَاة ( الجذر: حذو - المجال: عــام ) : مُتَاخَمَة , مُجَاوَرَة

- closeness

-nearness

-proximity

-vicinity

- neighborhood

- contiguity

-adjacency

- near to

- contact;touch

- closness; approach

- nearness or closeness

- the state of being proximate

- nearness in distance or time 

147

كَافَأه

كافَأَ ( الجذر: كفء - المجال: عــام ) : جازَى

-make up for

-to compensate

-remunerate

-recompense

-repay

-requite

-to reward

-give a reward to somebody

148

تَبُوئَه

تَبَوُّء ( الجذر: بوء - المجال: سياسة ) : تَوَلٍّ , مَصْدَرُتَبَوَّأ

-groom

-assume

149

بِزِمَام

زِمَام ( الجذر: زمم - المجال: حيوانات ) : لِجَام

-rein(s), bridle

- piece of rope, etc fastened to a dog's collar in order to control it

- a rope or strap with the noose or headstall for horses or cattle

- long narrow strap fastened to the bit of a birdle and use to guide and control a horse

150

لاِزَاحَتِه

أَزَاحَ ( الجذر: زوح - المجال: عــام ) : نَحَّى

- move or lay aside

- remove; displace

- to move or set aside

- put aside or remove

- shift from its accustomed place

- to put to one side; cease to practice

- fold or remove a covering suddenly

- remove from office;take the place of 

151

تَأّلِيب

تَأَلُّب ( الجذر: ءلب - المجال: سياسة ) : تَجَمُّع

-banding together

-gathering

-rallying

- act of rallying

- large gathering of people

- crowd or congregation of people

- group, company or detachment

- congregation; assemblage; meeting; clustering

- state of being in,forming, a group round 

152

الّرُضُوخ

رَضَخَ ( الجذر: رضخ - المجال: عــام ) : رَضَخَلـِ : أَذْعَنَلـِ , خَضَعَلـِ

- submit to

- yielded to

- to obey

- cringe oneself for

- to conform to

- humble oneself before

- owe allegiance to

- submit to an opinion, etc

- to degrade , humiliate 

153

قَلّصَت

قَلَصَ ( الجذر: قلص - المجال: عــام ) : اِنْكَمَشَ

- shrink; constrict

- make or become smaller or retreat

-to shrink     

-to reduce    

-to draw together   

-to diminish 

- to make or become tight or smaller;cause (a vein, etc) to become tight 

154

غَلَى

غَلَى ( الجذر: غلي - المجال: عــام ) : جَعَلَهُيَغْلِي

-to boil

-to boil, bubble (up) - to simmer

- rise in or send up bubbles

- cause something to remain almost at boiling-point

- reach the temperature at which change to gas occurs; bubble up; cause water or other liquid to boil; cook in boiling water 

155

حَفِيظَه

حَفِيظَة ( الجذر: حفظ - المجال: مشاعروعواطف ) : غَضَب

-ire

-wrath

-rage

-anger

- bad temper

- violent anger

- extreme anger

- anger, rage, fury

- state of being irritated

- old fashioned :temper, anger 

156

مُتَذَرِعِين

(مُتَذَرِّع: ( اسم 

فاعلمِنْتَذَرَّعَ

مُتَذَرِّعٌبِحُجَجٍوَاهِيَةٍ : مُتَعَلِّلٌ

-citing

-to allege      

-allege ( VT .)            

157

حَفِيد

حَفِيد ( الجذر: حفد - المجال: علاقات ) : وَلَدُالوَلَد

-grandchild

-grandson

- a male grandchild

- a child of one's son or daughter 

158

عَنَاصِر

عُنْصُر ( الجذر: عنصر - المجال: عــام ) : أَصْل

-origin, root

- line of ancestors

- basics and principles

- head, origin, reference, guide or index

159

قَلاَقِل

قلَاقِل ( الجذر: قلقل - المجال: عــام ) : اضْطِرَابَات

-calking

-trouble

160

عَلّق

عَلّقَ ( الجذر:  - المجال:  ) : تَرَكَهُمُعْلّقاًغَيْرَمَفْصُولٍفِيه

-to suspend

-leave undecided or unsettled

- keep or hold in abeyance

-keep pending

- hold back

-defer action on, stay

161

باِقَالِه

(أَقالَ: ( فعل 

أقالَيُقيل،أَقِلْ،إقالةً،فهومُقِيل،والمفعولمُقَال

أقالفلانًامنوظيفته : نحّاهعنهاأقالالرَّئيسُالوزيرَ

-to sack        

-to oust         

-to fire           

-Dismiss , to

162

فِي

في ( الجذر:  - المجال:  ) : خِلاَلَ،أثْناءَ

-during

-in

-within

163

رَاسَتَاخِيز
اسم حزب سياسي

The name of a political party

164

الاِنّبِعَاث

إِنبِعاث: ( اسم ) مصدراِنْبَعَثَ

عصرالانبعاث : عصرالنَّهضة،نهضةبعدانحطاط

-emission

-rebirth

-revival

-resurrection

165

يَنّدَرِج

(إِندَرَجَ: ( فعل 

اندرجَفييندرج،اندراجًا،فهومُنْدرِج،والمفعولمُنْدَرَجفيه

اِنْدَرَجَآخِرُأَفْرادِالطَّائِفَةِ : اِنْقَرَضُوا،لَمْيَبْقَمِنْهُمْأَحَدٌ

اِنْدَرَجَعَلَيْهِ : اِنْطَوَى

-falls

-fits into

166

الاَيِلَه

- Convergent
- Approaching
- Nearing
- Closer to

167

بِاحّلاف

حِلْف ( الجذر: حلف - المجال: سياسة ) : حَلِيف

-ally

-confederate

- joined together by an agreement or treaty

- associated; bound; joined; unified; in league

- ally(in a bad sense) or person or State joined with another or others

- person, country, etc joined with another in order to give help and support

- (words used in making a) solemn promise to do something or solemn declaration that something is true

168

بَغّيَه

بَغْي ( الجذر: بغي - المجال: عــام ) : ظُلْم , تَعَدٍّ

-  tyranny

-  outrage

-  offense

-  aggression

-  transgression

- the state of being unfair

- lack of fairness

- trespass or infringement .

- noun gerund of verb to trespass 

169

خَنّقِه

خَنَقَ ( الجذر: خنق - المجال: عــام ) : ضَغَطَعلىرَقَبَتِهِفَكَتَمَالنَّفَسَ

- strangle or hang

- strangle; suffocate

- kill by asphyxia; suffocate

- choke or strangle ; suffocate .

- choke or kill by stopping the breath

- squeeze the wind neck so as ti kill

- to stop the breathing of ,by pressing the windpipe from outside 

170

يَتَرَقّب

تَرَقَّبَ ( الجذر: رقب - المجال: عــام ) : اِنْتَظَرَ

-to wait for

- await

-look (out) for

- wait for somebody or something, or be ready or waiting for somebody or something

- refrain from going so fast that a person is left behind; watch for somebody or something; ambush

171

يَزّمَع

زَمَّعَ ( الجذر: زمع - المجال: عــام ) : (زَمَّعَ)  الأَمْرَأوبِهِأوعَلَيْهِ : عَزَمَ , صَمَّمَ

- decide to

- be determined (to or on)

-dewclaw      

172

اِيكَال

(أَوكَلَ: ( فعل 

أوكلَ / أوكلَعلىيُوكل،إيكالاً،فهومُوكِل،والمفعولمُوكَل

أوْكَلَعَلَىاللَّهِ : اِعْتَمَدَعَلَىاللَّهِ

أوْكَلَأمْرَهُلِغَيْرِه : عَهِدَبِهِ،فَوَّضَإيَّاهُلاَتُوكِلْأمْرَكَلأَحَدٍ

أوْكَلَعَلَيْهِالعَمَلَ : خَلاَّهُكُلَّهُعَلَيْهِ

-entrusted

-empower

-outhorise

173

اِرّتَضَى

(إِرتضى: ( فعل 

ارتضىيرتضي،ارْتَضِ،ارتضاءً،فهومُرتضٍ،والمفعولمُرتضًى

ارتضىالشَّخصَ / ارتضىالأمرَ : رَضِيه،أياختارهوقبِله

ارتضاهلصُحْبته : اختارهورآهأهلاًلها، { وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّلَهُمْدِينَهُمُالَّذِيارْتَضَىلَهُمْ}

-consents

-Comply ( v .)          

-Consent ( v .)          

174

اِسْتِفّتَاء

اِسْتِفْتاء ( الجذر: فتو - المجال: عــام ) : طَلَبُالفَتْوَى

-  consultation, consulting

-  request for an advisory opinion

- request for a legal formal opinion

- going to a person, a book, etc for information, advice, etc

- referring of a political issue to a general vote by all the people of the country for a decision

175

لِيُلْغِي

(أَلغَى: ( فعل 

ألغىيُلغي،أَلْغِ،إلغاءً،فهومُلْغٍ،والمفعولمُلْغًى - للمتعدِّي

ألغىالصفقةَ : رجععنإتمامها،

-eliminates

-cancel ( VT .)         

-make void   

176

رَسّو

رُسُوّ ( الجذر: رسو - المجال: عــام ) : رُسُوخ

- stabilization or firmness

- steadiness, firmness

- taking root, or deep-rootedness

- stability;steadiness; steadfastness

- steadiness, fixedness, solidness 

177

مَهِيبَاً

مَهِيب ( الجذر: هيب - المجال: صفات ) : جَلِيل

-solemn

-grave

-dignified

- portly

- stately

- majestic

-imposing

- grand

-august

-sublime

- magnificent

-highly impressive

- lofty; sublime

- suitable for a lord

- very big and impressive

- magnificent, splendid 

178

قَبْر

قَبَرَ ( الجذر: قبر - المجال: أديان ) : ضَرِيح , جَدَث , لَحْد

-grave, tomb, sepulcher

- sepulcher ; grave .

- a tomb especially cut in rock or built in stone

- buried and trapped under the ground

- a trench dug in the ground to receive a coffin on burial or the place where someone is buried 

179

دَارْيُوس

داريوشالثالث 380-330 قبلالميلادكانآخرملوكالفترةالاخمينيةفيبلادفارس. اطيحتبمملكتهمنقبلالإسكندرالأكبرفيمعركةشهيرةحدثتعام 333 قبلالميلادحيثهزمجيشهمنقبلالجيشالعملاقلاسكندروفرداريوشمنالمعركةإلىبلختاركاوراءهحتىافرادعائلتهالذينأخذواكسبايا. ولكنعاملهمالاسكندرمعاملةالملوك. قتلداريوشالثالثعلىيدأحدرجاله. وكانلهاثنتاعشربنتوتزوجالاسكندربالكبرى

 380-330 BC period was the last king of the Achaemenid in Persia . His kingdom overthrown by Alexander the Great in the famous battle occurred in 333 BC, where his army was defeated by the army of Alexander the giant Darius fled from the battle to Balkh, leaving behind even members of his family who took Xbaya. But Alexander treated them like royalty. Darius III was killed at the hands of one of his men. And had a twelve girl and married Alexander Bkabry

180

مُوضَه

(موضة: ( اسم 

ابتكارنماذججديدةمناللِّباسووسائلالزِّينةوغيرهاالموضةالباريسيَّة،

ذوموضة : دارج

نمطيولعبهالإنسانُمدّةثميزول

-moda

-fashion

-style

-twig

-vogue

181

الّخَصّخَصَه

خَصْخَصَ ( الجذر: خصص - المجال: اقتصاد ) : حَوَّلَالْمِلْكِيَّةالْعَامَّةإِلَىمِلْكِيَّةخَاصَّة

-put into private ownership

-privatization

182

الّرِعّيَاه

رِعْي ( الجذر: رعي - المجال: نباتات ) : كَلأَ , عُشْب

-herbage

-pasture

-grass

- a wild plant growing where it is not wanted

- herbaceous vegetation; the succulent part of this, especially as pasture

- various kinds of common wild low-growing plants or any species of this plant 

183

غَائِلَه

غائِلَة ( الجذر: غول - المجال: عــام ) : مُصِيبَة

- disaster ; ordeal

- a crisis; an emergency

- ordeal ; trial ; affliction.

- disaster ; ordeal

- calamity, affliction, misfortune 

184

الّعُوز

عازَ ( الجذر: عوز - المجال: عــام ) : اِحْتاجَإِلَى

-require

-to need

- want - to be in need of

- in want of

- lacking

- stand in want of; require

- depend on somebody or something for success, fulfilment , etc; need 

185

هَيَأ

هَيَّأَ ( الجذر: هيء - المجال: عــام ) : أَعَدَّ

- organize, arrange

- neat ; arrange ; order .

- make something ready

- to prepare for something

- make arrangements for

- manage and handle affairs 

186

فَات

فاتَ ( الجذر: فوت - المجال: عــام ) : مَضَى , اِنْقَضَى

-to pass

- elapse

-expire

- of time;passes

- pass; go by

- be passed, over, done.

- bring or come to an end.

- move lightly ,softly, or rapidly

- be over and in the past 

187

افيرَانّيُون

خطأ مطبعي الكلمة الصحيحة : الإيرانّيُون

Misprint

The correct word

Iranians

188

الّسَاخِطُون

ساخِط ( الجذر: سخط - المجال: صفات ) : غاضِب

- angry ; furious .

- extremely angry

- excited, agitated

- made extremely angry

- extremely angry; full of fury; raging

- irritated; angered; annoyed

- very much agitated like boiling water 

189

ذَرِيعَه

ذَرِيعَة ( الجذر: ذرع - المجال: عــام ) : حُجَّة

-  argument

-  allegation, claim

- an urgent serious or emotional request

- assertion of a right;act of claiming or right to ask for

- act of alleging; statement made without proof

- dispute or argument; point contended for in an argument

- the act of stating something without proof, or the person who does this 

190

لشَق

شَقّ ( الجذر: شقق - المجال: عــام ) : فَلْع , صَدْع

- hole; opening; split

- spilt; crack; break, etc

- a crack or similar fault

- deep open crack

- small crack or opening

- an opening usu.long and narrow, made esp. by cracking , splitting, or separation of parts

- fissure, crack, fission, cleavage, division or breakup 

 

191

مَجّرُوحِين

مَجْرُوح ( الجذر: جرح - المجال: عــام ) : جَرِيح

- wounded, hurt

-hurt

-stricken

-bleeding

injured

192

رُتّبَه

(رُتبة: ( اسم 

الجمع : رُتُباتورُتْباتورُتَب

الرُّتْبَةُ : المنزلةوالمكانة،أوالمنزلةالرفيعة

رُتبةالشّرف : درجةالتفوق

-rank

-grade

193

تَنّضَوي

(إِنضَوَى: ( فعل 

انضوىينضوي،انْضَوِ،انضواءً،فهومُنضوٍ

انضوىإلىحزبٍمُعارِض : انتمىإليه

انْضَوَىإِليه : ضَوَى

-affiliated to

-fall

194

مَزِيج

مَزِيج ( الجذر: مزج - المجال: عــام ) : خَلِيط

-admixture

-blend

-mixture

-commixture

- melange

-medley

-hodgepodge

-farrago

-mishmash

195

جَنّازَات

جنازة ( الجذر: جنز - المجال: أديان ) : جَنَازَة , جِنَازَة

- burial ceremony

- the burial procession

- a funeral or funeral rites

- the burial of a dead person with its ceremonies; a burial procession or service 

196

مُعْتَكِفاً

مُعْتَكِف ( الجذر: عكف - المجال: أديان ) : مُلْتَزِمٌفيمَكان

- isolated; separated

- a recluse or hermit

- secluded, withdrawn

- staying at a place permanently

- person who lives alone and avoids other people 

197

الّنِقْمَه

نِقْمَة ( الجذر: نقم - المجال: عــام ) : سُخْط

- extreme anger

- state of being irritated

- bad temper

- state of being irritated

- dissatisfaction;absence of contentment

- act of resenting somebody or something

- strong feeling of displeasure and hostility

- the act or instance of vexing; the state of being vexed 

198

فَاقَم

فاقَمَ ( الجذر: فقم - المجال: عــام ) : جَعَلَالشَّيْءَأَسْوَأَأوأَشَدَّخُطُورَةً

- make worse

- exacerbate

-to aggravate

-make more bad or dangerous

199

بِرِفّقَه

رِفْقَة ( الجذر: رفق - المجال: عــام ) : رُفَقاء , مُرَافِقُون

- associates

- together with another or others

- allies; colleagues; companions; comrades; friends; partners; mates; companionship; partnership; comradeship, etc

- being together with another or others,persons with whom one spends one's time,group of persons or guests,or number of persons united for business 

200

مَنّهِياً

نَهْي ( الجذر: نهي - المجال: عــام ) : مَنْع

-prohibition

-interdiction

-forbiddance

-forbidding

-proscription

-ban(ning)

- prohibition, forbiddance

- prohibition, interdiction

- prevention:forbiddance

- prevention; prohibition; forbiddance

- a religious custom that forbids a particular activity because it may offend God

201

صَه

صَه ( الجذر: صَه - المجال: لغويات ) : اُسْكُتْ

- calling for silence

- be silent: hush!

-whist

-shut up

-hush

-shush

shut your trap

202

اَرْسَى

أَرْسَى ( الجذر: رسو - المجال: عــام ) : أَقامَ , رَسَّخَ

-to establish

-found

- settle

-secure firmly

- fix firmly

-consolidate

- make fast

203

اِحْتِواء

اِحْتِوَاء ( الجذر: حوي - المجال: عــام ) : اِشْتِمَال , تَضَمُّن

-containment

- comprehension

-embracement

- power of including

- implication, containment

- prolixity or elaborateness

- generality or comprehensiveness

- including a wide range of ideas,subjects,etc 

204

نِسْبِي

نِسْبِيّ ( الجذر: نسب - المجال: صفات ) : تَقْدِيرِيّ

- interpretative;relative

- discretionary,estimative

- considered in relation or proportion to somebody or something else

- worth comparing ;having to do with comparison or relative;perceptible by comparison 

205

فَلَك

فَلَك ( الجذر: فلك - المجال: جووفضاء ) : مَدَار

-orbit

- circuit

- a sphere; a globe

- one of the two imaginary lines around the world .

- path followed by a planet, star, moon, etc round another body 

206

مُبّتَغَاهُم

اِبْتَغَى ( الجذر: بغي - المجال: عــام ) : شاءَ

- to desire earnestly

- long for:wish:have a desire for

- be wishing , intending (to) ; be desiring or ready to

- have as the object of one's will; intend unconditionally; bequeath by the terms of a will

- have as or express a desire or aspiration for; want or demand so as to bring about what is wanted; express one's hopes for

207

الّعَرا

عَرَاء ( الجذر: عري - المجال: عــام ) : فَضَاء , خَلا

-the open

-outdoors

- open air

- open space

- unenclosed area

- unenclosed space or zone

- the world outside buildings; the open air

208

تَطِل

طَلَّ ( الجذر: طلل - المجال: عــام ) : ظَهَرَ

- look at

- manifest itself

- come into light

- be or become visible or clear

- be or become known

- be clear and obvious

- to begin to grow light,grow clear 

209

الّمَنّدَب

يقعالمضيقبينالاحداثيات (12o28'40" شمالا, 43o19'19" شرقا) و(12o40'20" شمالا, 43o27'30" شرقا).المسافةبينضفتيالمضيقهي 30 كم (20 ميل) تقريبامنرأسمنهاليفيالساحلالآسيويإلىرأسسيانعلىالساحلالإفريقي. جزيرةبريم (مَيّون) التابعةلليمن،تفصلالمضيقإلىقناتينالشرقيةمنهاتعرفباسمباباسكندرعرضها 3 كموعمقها30م. أماالقناةالغربيةواسمها "دقةالمايون" فعرضها 25 كموعمقهيصلإلى 310 م. بالقربمنالساحلالإفريقيتوجدمجموعةمنالجزرالصغيرةيطلقعليهاالأشقاءالسبعة. هناكتيارسطحييجريللداخلفيالقناةالشرقية, وفيالقناةالغربيةفهناكتيارعميققوييجريللخارج, مياهالممردافئة (24- 32.5درجةمئوية)،والتبخرفيهشديد (2200-3000ممسنوياً) ممايُفقدالبحرالأحمركمياتكبيرةمنالمياهتعوضهامياهتدخلهمنخليجعدنخاصةفيالشتاء, أمافيالصيففتخرجمنالبحرالأحمرمياهسطحية, وتقدرحصيلةالتبادلالمائيفيبابالمندببنحوألفكم3 لمصلحةالبحرالأحمر, وتصلملوحةمياهالممرإلى 38بالألف،وحركةالمدفيهإلىنحوالمتر, نشأالممرنتيجةتباعدأفريقياعنآسيابالحركةالبنائيةللصدعالسوريالإفريقيالذيكوّنالبحرالأحمرفيأواخرالحقبةالجيولوجيالثالثفيعصريالميوسينوالبليوسين.[

o 28'40 "north, 43 o 19'19 "E) and (12 o 40'20 "north, 43 o 27'30 "east longitude). distance between the two sides of the strait is 30 km (20 mi ) almost from head Mnhala in the Asian coast to the top of Sian on the coast of Africa. Island Prem (millon) of Yemen , the strait separating the two channels to the east of them, known as Iskandar door display 3 km and a depth of 30 m. The Bank and the channel name "accuracy Maoist" Fredha 25 km and a depth of up to 310 m. Near the coast of Africa there is a group of small islands called the seven siblings . A stream surface being inside in the eastern canal, and in the Channel Bank, there is a stream deep powerful being outside, water aisle warm (24 - 32.5 ° C), and evaporation in which severe (2200-3000 mm per year), which loses the Red Sea large amounts of water offset water intervention from the Gulf of Aden , especially in winter , while in summer they come out of the Red Sea surface water, and estimated proceeds Water exchange in the Bab el Mandeb at about a thousand kilometers 3 for the benefit of the Red Sea , up the salinity of water passage to 38 per thousand, and the movement of the tide it to about a meter, grew up the corridor as a result of spacing Africa Constructivist movement from Asia to the Syrian African Rift fact that the Red Sea at the end of the third geological era in modern Miocene and Pliocene. [citation needed]

210

بَغّيه

بُغْيَة ( الجذر: بغي - المجال: عــام ) : رَغْبَة , غايَة , هَدَف

-desire

-purpose

-aspiration - aim

- request or aspiration; an expression of this; a thing desired

-goal

211

رَزّنِامَه

(رُزنامة: ( اسم 

الرُّزْنَامَةُ : كُتيَّبٌيتضمنمعرفةَالأياموالشهوروطلوعالشمسوالقمرعلىمدارالسنة

الرُّزْنَامَةُ : إدارةُصرفمرتباتأَربابالمعاش

-calendar

212

الّمُقَارَبَات

قارَبَ ( الجذر: قرب - المجال: عــام ) : اِقْتَرَبَ

- to near to

- come; approach

- get close to

- to approach to

- to move closer in time or space

- to be about to; come near to

- come near or nearer to in space, time, character or quality 

213

تزخر : (الجذر: زخر):إكتظ ، إمتلأ،ملئ

Abound

Abound in

214

تعتز: ( الجذر : إعتز) :إفتخر ، تباهى.

pride

215

أجداده :جَدّ ( الجذر: - المجال: ) : أبُو الأب أو الأُمّ

grandfather

216

عداءات :عَدَاء ( الجذر: عدو - المجال: عــام ) : مُعَادَاة

jaundice
- envy, jealousy, resentment
- hatred and hostility
- hatred and disgust
- strong dislike or hostility

217

افتخر: ( الجذر: فخر –المجال : عام):تفاخر ، تباهى

to pride oneself on

to preen oneself on

to glory in

218

هزموا : ( الجذر: هزم - المجال: عــام ) : كَسَرَ , دَحَرَ , غَلَبَ , قَهَرَ

whitewash
- defeat an opponent without allowing any opposing score
- defeat; overcome
- overcome; defeat

219

اشتكى: ( الجذر: شكو - المجال: عــام ) : اِشْتَكَى , تَشَكَّى

complain
- to say that one is not satisfied, that something is wrong ,that one is suffering
- complaint ;express dissatisfaction
- complain, especially peevishly

220

تحاشوا : تَحَاشَى ( الجذر: حشو - المجال: عــام ) : تَجَنَّبَ

abstain
- keep oneself from doing or enjoying something
- turn something away, or prevent or avoid something
- keep oneself away from; stop something happening; prevent; avert; elude; evade; escape
- avoid; suppress

221

مثابرة:مُثَابَرَة( الجذر: ثبر - المجال: عــام ) : مُوَاظَبَة

industry
- exertion, diligence
- state of being careful to make sure that something is done properly or completely; close attention and persistent application
- steady effort; showing

222

عريقة:عَرِيق ( الجذر: عرق - المجال: صفات ) : مُتَأَصِّل

deep-rooted
- firmly established ,fixed, hard tobe changed
- strong ,stable ,hard to be changed
- without moving , riged; of a gaze, etc. steady or intent
- deep-rooted, innate
- unchangeable, constant

223

هب:هَبَّ ( الجذر: هبب - المجال: عــام ) : اِسْتَيْقَظَ , قام

(cause to) cease to sleep; (cause to) become alert; evoke

224

يتقاعد:تَقَاعَدَ ( الجذر: قعد - المجال: عــام ) : اِعْتَزَلَ العَمَلَ , أُحِيلَ إلى التَّقَاعُد

gave up one's regular work - give up one's work, job, position

to retire, be pensioned off

225

تندر: ( الجذر: ندر - المجال: عــام ) : نَكَّتَ , مَزَحَ

jest
- joke; make jests; fool about; play or act trifingly
- make jokes; poke fun at; banter

226

جدودها:جَدّ ( الجذر: - المجال: ) : أبُو الأب أو الأُمّ

grandfather

227

اتحادات:اِتّحاد ( الجذر: - المجال: ) : وَحْدَة، ما يَنْشَأُ بِالاتّحاد، ثَمَرَةُ التّوْحِيد

union
- association
- consortium
- combination
- pool
- alliance
- federation

228

لقلب:قَلَبَ ( الجذر: قلب - المجال: عــام ) : حَوَّلَ , بَدَّلَ , غَيَّرَ

Turn
- alter ; change .
- (cause somebody or something to)become different; change in character, size, shape, position, etc
- to make different or leave one place to another;take off something and put something else on ;leave one train to another;move to a different house

229

تدمج:دَمْج ( الجذر: دمج - المجال: عــام ) : إِدْغام

fuse
- blend or amalgamate into one whole by or as by melting
- the blending of different things into one; a coalition
- action of associating or being associated; being in somebody's company; friendship; alliance; partnership; union; combination; bond; correlation

230

لمتنزهات:مُتَنَزَّه ( الجذر: نزه - المجال: عــام ) : مَكانُ التَّنَزُّه

park - large open area with trees

231

المرشد:مُرْشِد ( الجذر: رشد - المجال: عــام ) : مَنْ يُرْشِد

counsel
- barrister; group of barristers, giving advice in a law case
- person who gives expert advice (in medicine, business, etc)
- legal adviser; lawyer
- leader; conductor; advisor

232

متنزه( الجذر: نزه - المجال: عــام ) : مَكانُ التَّنَزُّه

park - large open area with trees

233

أسهب: التَّوَسُّعُ وَالتَّطْوِيلُ تَحَدَّثَ بِإِسْهابٍ

Turn loose

Enlarge

expatiate

234

جارتها:جَار ( الجذر: جور - المجال: علاقات ) : جِيران مَن يُجَاوِرُون فِي السَّكَن

neighbor - a person living next door to or near or nearest another

235

شغوفين:شَغَف ( الجذر: شغف - المجال: مشاعر وعواطف ) : حُبّ , وُلُوع

enamored

236

المطاط:مَطَّاط ( الجذر: مطط - المجال: صفات ) : مَرِن , مَدُود

loose
- slack, relaxed, not tense or tight
- ( of material etc.) pliant ; malleable .
- adaptable and flexible
- strechable or distensible

237

أسفار: ( الجذر: سفر - المجال: عــام ) : كِتَاب

entry
- an item written in a list ,a diary, an account book ,etc
- a brief record of facts, topics, thoughts, as an aid to memory
- number of sheets of paper, printed or blank, fastened together in a cover for keeping records, notes, tickets, accounts, stamps; literary composition
- collecting (material) into (a book ,list, etc) or something compiled ,especially a book etc
- official recorded or written record of something, especially a journey in a ship or plane
- a small book for making or taking notes

238

التصفيات : (الجذر :تصفية – المجال : سياسة):تصفية جسدية : القضاء على الخصم بواسطة القتل أو القضاء.

Liquidation

Physical liquidation

239

أطوار: طَوْر ( الجذر: طور - المجال: عــام ) : دَوْر , مَرْحَلَة , دَرَجَة

spell
- period; time
- phase or degree
- group having qualities of the same kind;kind,sort of division or system of ranks in society ;all people in one of these ranks or grouping of organisms
- stage

240

ضمور: ( الجذر: ضمر - المجال: عــام ) : هَزَلَ

be or become destroyed or wasted away; extremely weak
- to become or cause to become weak due to lack of use or lack of blood; waste away
- be or become thin
- to be or become thin

241

بإبادة: إِبَادَة ( الجذر: بيد - المجال: عــام ) : مَحْق , إِهْلَاك

annihilation
- complete destruction; eradication
- noun gerund of verb to crush
- complete destruction ;extermination
- extraction or eradication
- noun gerund of verb to quash
- noun gerund of verb to quell
- noun gerund of verb to quench

242

بوذيين: اسم منسوب إلى بوذا
وهو أحد حكماء الهند
من أتباع الدِّيانة البوذيّة أو المذهب البوذيّ

Buddhists

243

ملل:  ( الجذر: ملل - المجال: عــام ) : سَأَم

Boredom
- state of being bore or annoyed
- weariness of mind caused by interesting to do
- dullness, jejuneness, tedium.
- Dullness, jejuneness, aridity.
- weariness ; exhaustion or boredom ; tedium

244

تمادت: ( الجذر: مدي - المجال: عــام ) : تَمَادَى الشَّيْءُ

last
- to remain alive, etc or for a specified or considerable time; suffice; continue for a specified time
- to continue
- to last long
- carry to excess, take too far, exaggerate

245

السفور: سُفُور ( الجذر: سفر - المجال: أديان ) : تَبَرُّج

Toilet
- grooming; adoring (oneself)
- adorning oneself
- putting on attractive clothes for a certain occasion
- dressing up; toilet
- grooming; adoring (oneself) .

246

سبايا: ( جمع :سبية ، سبي): ( الجذر: سبي - المجال: مصطلحات عسكرية ) : أَسَرَ , قَبَضَ على/النِّساءُ ؛ لأنهنّ يأسرن القلوب ، أو لأنهنّ يُسْبَين

captivate
- to charm ;attract someone
- to keep someone as a prisoner
- make a prisoner of ; get as a prize by force, trickery  ,skill, etc

247

إيهامهم: (الجذر:أوهم): أَوقعه في الوَهْم

أَدخل عليه الرِّيبة واتَّهمه به

Bluff

delude

248

الخرافة: خُرَافَة ( الجذر: خرف - المجال: تاريخ وميثولوجيا ) : أُسْطُورَة , حَدِيثٌ باطِل

myth
- imagined story
- a story ,esp. a supernatural one, not based on facts
- old, well-known story often about brave people, adventures, etc; all stories of this kind
- credulity regarding the supernatural

249

مستنكراً: اِسْتَنْكَرَ ( الجذر: نكر - المجال: عــام ) : شَجَبَ

abjure
- promise or swear to give up; renounce formally
- to criticize or rebuke

to condemn, denounce, censure, decry, disapprove of, deprecate

250

سيهب: هَبّ ( الجذر: - المجال: ) : تَحَرّكَ، نَشِطَ، أسْرَعَ

to get in motion, move suddenly (briskly, quickly)
- to proceed, spring
- to run, rush, fly

251

يَتَجَاوَبُ : يتَفَاعَل

ماضي: تَجَاوَبَ

To react

To show reaction

Responds

252

أقبِيَّةِ : مفردها قَبْو ( الجذر: قبو - المجال: عمارة ) : سِرْداب

- underground room for storing things

- underground room or vault

- cellar; crypt

- basement

253

إطلَاعِ

مضارع : يُطلِعُ

ماضي : أطلَعَ

To inform

To let someone know

254

تَقْصِيرٌ ( الجذر: قصر - المجال: عــام ) : إِهْمال , تَفْرِيط

ماضي :قَصَّرَ

مضارع : يُقَصِّرُ

carelessness

- state of being careless;thoughtless,recklessetc

- lack of caring; negligence; the act of neglecting

- a lack of proper care and attention; carelessness; an act of carelessness

- the act of being careless of one's duty

neglect, negligence, omission, dereliction, slackness

255

مَأهُولَة

Inhabited

Occupied

Manned

256

دُفْعَةٍ ( الجذر: دفع - المجال: عــام ) : دُفْقَة

spurt - flow; effusion

All together at once

257

مُؤن

Supply

258

بَلبَلةٍ ( الجذر: بلتع - المجال: عــام ) : اِضْطِراب

fuddle

- confusion or perplexity

- difficulty in understanding; puzzlement; frustration; prevention

- a conflict of emotions in the mind .

- feeling of being very worried, or something that makes you worry; uneasiness; concern, or solicitous desire, or neurotic fear

- complete disorder

- untidy or confused state

- noisy confusion or civil insurrection

confusion, chaos, jumble, muddle, clutter, upset, mess, mix-up, tangle, disorder, disorganization, disarray, disturbance, hubbub, hugger-mugger, tumult, turbulence - anxiety

259

اِستِيَاء ( الجذر: سوء - المجال: عــام ) : تَضَجُّر , تَأَفُّف

anger

- strong feeling of displeasure and hostility

dissatisfaction;absence of contentment

- disapproval;anger;dissatisfaction

- the state of being dissatisfied or discontent

- weariness of mind caused by interesting to do

- a lack of patience or toleranc

260

طُز

urban : " screw it "

261

مُخْزٍ ( الجذر: خزي - المجال: عــام ) : المُخْزِي : مُهِين , مُخْجِل

debasing

- reducing the quality or value of something

humiliating,disgracefuldemeaning:degrading

- shameful

- humiliating

- deeply criminal; utterly villainous

- outrageous

-  embarrassing

- that causes or worthy of shame

262

المُرَجَحِ

Likely

263

مُلَثَّم ( الجذر: لثم - المجال: عــام ) : مُتَلَثِّم , مُحَجَّب

veiled - covered; screened; hidden

264

رُباعِيَّة

four - wheel - drive vehicle

265

مَقصَدِهم : مَقْصَد ( الجذر: قصد - المجال: عــام ) : غَرَض , غايَة

266

بِالغَصَّةِ

terminus

- a final pointِ a goal.

- strong desire or ambition

- the object of a person's ambition or effort; an aim

- intent, purpose

- things that one intends to do

- purpose; design; intention

- a desire, request or aspiration; an expression of this; a thing desired

- purpose; intention

- purpose:intention:mental plan

267

مُشِيداً

Hailing

Praising

268

الذَخِيرَةِ

Ammunition

269

كَدَمات : مفردها :  كَدَمَة

bruises

270

الأشرَار : مفردها : شِرِّير ( الجذر: شرر - المجال: صفات ) : عُدْوَانِيّ , مَيَّالٌ إلى الشَّرّ

villain

Bad person

- evil-minded, wicked

- wicked; indecent

- wicked; iniquitous

- dishonest or unprincipled man

- low; rascal; villain

- a bad or dishonest man

- a suggestive of evil

- one who sins habitually

271

إِحَاطَة ( الجذر: حوط - المجال: عــام ) : تَطْوِيق

banding

- noun gerund of verb (to band)

- act of encirclement or girdle,belt,or border

- act of moving in a circle

- surroundingcompletey

272

الوَفَاء ( الجذر: وفي - المجال: عــام ) : أَمَانَة , إِخْلاص

faithfulness, fidelity, fealty, loyalty, allegiance, devotion, faith

273

طالَمَا ( الجذر: طالَمَا - المجال: عــام ) : كَثِيرًا ما , مِرَارًا

often - many times; at short intervals; frequently, or in many instances

274

يعوّل : ( الجذر : عول  - المجال : عام) : اعتماد ، اتكال  

Certitude

Certainty; state of being perfectly certain of something

Depending on

Reliance on

275

يتطلع : (الجذر : تطلع – المجال : عام ) : ترقب حدوثه بشوق ، تمناه و رغب فيه 

Look forward to

Hope

Look to 

276

المقررة : ( الجذر : قرر : اتخذ قراراً – المجال : عام ) : أمر أمضاه من يملك إمضاءه.

Determined

Prescribed

Specified

decided

277

يعوق : ( الجذر : عاق – المجال : عام ) : منعه و صرفه من القيام  به ، شغله عنه .

Preclude

Hamper

Prevent

deter

278

تعافى : (الجذر : تعاف – المجال : عام ) : إسترجع قواه ، نال العافية ، شُفى. 

convalesce
- regain health and strength after an illness
- get back the use of ( one's faculties, health, etc )
- recover from illness, exhaustion
- get better, in good health

To recover

279

 كنوز: (المفرد : كنْز – المجال : اقتصاد ) :المال المدفون تحت الأرض. 

Treasure

Fuse

the blending of different things into one; a coalition

280

مقامات : ( المفرد : مقام– المجال : عام / سياحة ) : ضريح مقدس

Shrine

Sanctuary

281

الصَّحَابَة ( الجذر: صحب - المجال: أديان ) : صَحَابَةُ رَسُولِ اللَّه

The closest group believing in the Prophet Muhammad

The Companions of the Prophet

282

 نُدْرَة ( الجذر: ندر - المجال: صفات ) : قِلَّة ( وُجُودٍ ) , نَقْص

deficiency
- the state of being deficient
- rareness, rarity, lack
- state of not having something or of not having enough of it
- scarcity or rarity
- the state of being scarce
- a deficiency; an amount lacking

283

المغطس : ( الجذر : غطس– المجال : سياحة ) : الحوض الذي ينغمس الإنسان في مائه

 

 

 

 

 

plunge Bath

284

القُدَّاسُ :( عند النَّصارى ) : صلاةٌ على الخبز والخمر بصيغة معَينَّة . والجمع : قَدَاديس .

Mass

Service

Memorial prayer

285

نعتز به  : ( الجذر : اعتز بـ – المجال : عام ) : تشرف بـ ، تباهى ، افتخر

Pride

Cherish

Proud of

286

 المعوقين : المفرد : مَعُوق ( الجذر: عوق - المجال: صفات ) : ذُو عاهَة , عاجِز

a totally crippled person
- lame; disabled; crippled
- unable to walk or move properly, through weakness or injury in the spine or legs
- having a defect in body; handicapped
- suffering from a physical or mental disability
- hindered, obstructed
- disabled, crippled

287

 اليتامى : يالمفرد : يَتيم ( الجذر: يتم - المجال: علاقات ) : فاقِدُ أَحَدِ الأَبَوَيْنِ أو كِلَيْهِمَا

orphan
- a child bereaved of a parent or usually both parents
- having no parent

-parentless

288

 الضعفاء : ( المفرد : ضعيف – المجال : عام ) : هزيل ، عاجز ، واهن 

Weak

Doubtful

Soft

faint

289

التآخى :( تآخ: اسم - المجال : عام ) : أخوة

Fraternization

Fraternity

fraternal or friendly terms

brotherly association

brotherliness

290

الملتهب : ( الجذر : التهب – المجال : عام ) : اشتعل ، احترق ، اشتد غضبه.

Burning

Inflammatory

fiery

291

السيادية : ( المصدر : ساد - سيادة – المجال : عام ) : سلطة ، هيمنة ، غلبة ، حرية التصرف

sovereign

292

صومعة : ( المصدر: صومع – المجال : اسلامى ) : بناء يعد لخزن الحبوب و الجمع ، دير ، بيت العبادة عند النصارى.

Hermitage

Cell

silo

293

(حسان : ( من معانى الأسماء

Hassan (beautiful )

Beautifier in Arabic. This was the name of two kings of Morocco

294

(شالة : ( موقع أثرى بالقرب من الرباط – المجال : تاريخى ،اسلامى 

Shala

295

تَشْيِيد  : ( الجذر: شيد - المجال: عمارة ) : بِنَاء

construction
- act or manner of constructing; being constructed
- large or imposing building
- forming; shaping, molding, structure or form
- formation, foundation, adjustment, founding or founding
- building or erecting building monumment etc
- structure; makeup; fabric

building, construction, erection, setting up, raising, putting up

296

ضفاف: ( المفرد : ضفة – المجال : عام ) : شطه ، جانبه

banks

297

كُلْفَة ( الجذر: كلف - المجال: اقتصاد ) : نَفَقَة

fee
- a payment made to a professional person or to a professional or public body in exchange for advice or services
- price asked for goods or services or tax or burden or certain orders
- price to be paid for a thing; expense, charge
- money paid as part of a special transaction
- money that is spent
- spending or what is spent on something
- money for personal expense

298

مؤداها: مُؤَدًّى ( الجذر:ءدو- المجال:عــام ) : مَدْلُول , مَغْزًى



 

sense, meaning, signification, significance, import, purport

 

 

sense
- the way in which something is to be understood
- abstract idea underlying a class of things ; general notion
- conceiving of an idea or plan ;idea or plan that takes shape in the mind

299

كنفه: كَنَف ( الجذر: كنف - المجال: عــام ) : رِعَايَة , حِمَايَة

concern
- regard ;care ;consideration
- act of consideration or looking after someone
- state of being in charge of a museum, etc
- guardianship; custody

300

القسريين : ( الجذر :قسر) بالإكراه .

Compulsory