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Flashcards in AAFM question review Deck (41):
1

what is the most appropriate test to assess for Vitamin D deficiency

25-hydroxyvitamin D

2

what is a pet reptile most likely to transmit to human contacts

salmonella

3

what is the treatment of choice for kawasaki disease

IVIG and high-dose aspirin

4

when should all pregnant women be screened for asymptomatic bacteriuria

between 11 and 16 weeks gestation

5

when should group B strep (GBS) screening occur during pregnancy

between 35 and 37 weeks gestation

6

when should diabetes screening occur during pregnancy

between 24 and 28 weeks egestation

7

what is the initial treatment for hypotension in patients with septic shock

aggressive fluid resuscitation

8

what treatment should be given if fluid resuscitation is not successful at restoring blood pressure in hypotensive septic shock

norepinephrine

9

what is the most effective medication for motion sickness

scopolamine

10

what is the first line treatment for severe hyperkalemia in pt with CKD

intravenous insulin followed by glucose

11

what is the definitive treatment for preeclampsia

delivery

12

what testing should you get to screen for oxycodone

order chromatography

13

what is the first diagnostic test in the workup in a patient with hyperkalemia

EKG

14

what is the preferred treatment for lupus arthritis

hydroxychloroquine

15

what medications are indicated for severe lupus or lupus arthritis

cyclosporine and azathioprine

16

what medication is indicated for refractory lupus or lupus arthritis

mycophenolate

17

what is the initial management of hypercalemia of malignancy

fluid replacement with normal saline to correct the volume depletion that is invariable present and to enhance renal calcium excretion

18

what is the most appropriate first line therapy for primary dysmenorrhea

NSAIDs

19

what is the annual failure rate for combined oral contraceptive pills, levonorgestrel IUD, injectable progestin and male condoms

9%, 0.2%, 6%, 18%

20

what is considered the first line therapy for ITP

corticosteroids

21

what is the appropriate treatment for bioterrorism anthrax

doxycycline and fluoroquinolone

22

what is the treatment for pneumonic plague

10 day course of an amino glycoside or doxycycline

23

what is the first line treatment for impetigo

mupirocin (bactroban)

24

what is the best initial treatment for a keloid

intralesional corticosteroid injections

25

what is the preferred treatment and prophylaxis for pertussis

azithromycin (zithromax)

26

what is the recommended HPV testing for an average-risk 21 year old female

cytology without HPV testing

27

in a patient with high probability of pulmonary embolism and elevated D-dimer, what should be the next test

CT angiography (CTA)

28

why should hematocrit be monitored during testosterone replacement therapy

because it can case erythrocytosis

29

what is the most common form of child abuse in the united states

neglect

30

what is the preferred method for diagnosing psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (pseudo seizures)

video-electroencephalopgraphy (vEEG) monitoring

31

what is first line therapy for GAD

SSRIs

32

what is the first line treatment for rosacea

metronidazole

33

what is the best for making a diagnosis of fibromyalgia

structured symptom history

34

what commonly used antidepressants can prolong the QT interval

citalopram and escitalopram

35

what is usually the first line outpatient treatment for acute pyelonephritis

cipro

36

what is one of the preferred narcotics in patients with end stage renal disease

fentanyl

37

what are 2 serious reactions associated with methimazole (tapazole)

agranulocytosis and hepatotoxicity

38

what is the only prophylaxis for DVT in critically ill adult patients that decreases mortality risk

anticoagulation therapy

39

what is a common treatment used for female pattern hair loss

minoxidil,

40

what is the diagnostic criterial for severe sepsis

increase in serum creatinine level >0.5, thrombocytopenia, and hyperbilirubinemia

41

what is the only medication that has consistent evidence for decreasing depressive symptoms in children and adolescents

fluoxetine (prozac)