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Flashcards in Abdominal Conditions Deck (59)
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1

Identify the structures in this Axial CT

(upper abdomen)

Red = hemidiaphragm

2

What type of imaging is shown here?

Any abnormalities?

Gas in disc space

Most likely etiology = degenerative disc

3

What type of imaging is shown here?

Ultrasound

4

What type of imaging is shown here?

5

_____ pattern of calcification

- within a lumen

- round, oval or faceted in shape

- outer perimeter is continuous

- classic Internal appearance is layered or lamined

Concretion

6

_____ pattern of calcifcation

- within the wall of a tube

- tubular, track like in shape

- border may be indistinct & not continuous

- no calcification internally

Conduit wall

7

_____ pattern of calcifcation

- within wall of cyst

- round to oval in shape

- smooth curvilinear rim

- less dense internally

Cyst wall

8

_____ pattern of calcifcation

- within the substance of a mass

- shape is highly variable

- border typically very irregular

- extensive amorphic internal calcification

Solid

9

What type of calcification pattern is shown here?

10

This type of calcification is typically seen in what conditions?

Gallstones/Kidney stones

11

What type of calcification is shown here?

12

What type of calcification is shown here?

- notice non-continuous border (differentiate from concretion)

13

Cyst wall patterns are most commonly seen where in the abdomen?

Gallbladder

14

What type of calcification pattern is shown here?

15

List findings seen here

Concretion calcification in upper right abdomen (likely gallstones)

16

What findings are demonstrated on this US?

(Hypoechoic)

17

What findings are demonstrated here?

18

What findings are demonstrated on this axial CT?

Gallstones

19

- AKA calcifying cholecystitis

- More common in women

- Gallstones often coexist

Porcelain Gallbladder

20

What findings are demonstrated here?

Porcelain Gallbladder

Cyst wall calfication

21

What findings are demonstrated in this US & CT?

Porcelain Gallbladder

22

What findings are demonstrated here?

- Well defined border

- Homogenous

- Concretion Calcification

- Most likely Kidney stones

23

What findings are demonstrated here?

Staghorn calculus - stone filling a calyx and/or the pelvis

24

What findings are shown here?

Nephrocalcinosis

25

What findings are shown here?

Calcification likely as a result of chronic pancreatitis

26

What findings are shown here?

- Solid calcification in pelvic inlet

(Most likely uterus, condition likely fibroid uterus or uterine leiomyoma)

27

- Mass (or solid) type calcifications which are popcorn or cauliflower-like

- MC benign uterine tumor

Uterine leiomyoma

28

What condition is likely the cause of these findings?

Uterine Leiomyoma

29

What imaging modalities and findings are shown here?

MRI (T2) & CT

Uterine leiomyoma

30

What are the findings here?

Conduit calcifcation of aorta

(Abdominal aortic aneurysm due to width of aorta)