- Affects endplates
- Most commonly in thoracic spine
- Hereditory factors
- Overstress of spine at young age, especially in athletes; peak age 13-16 y.o.
Most likely cause of these findings?
What is most likely the cause of majority of these findings?
(Soft-Tissue Emphysema, Diffuse osteopenia, Calcification of vessels)
What finding is shown here
Erlenmeyer flask deformity
What is most likely cause of these findings?
What is likely the cause of the abnormal findings?
What is the differential for these findings?
Hypoparathyroidism or Osteopetrosis
(Ruggers Jersey spine vs. Sandwich vertebrae)