abdominal wall and inguinal region Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in abdominal wall and inguinal region Deck (88):
1

superior boundary of abs wall

diaphragm

2

inferior border of abs wall

pelvic brim

3

anterior border of abs wall

lower part of thoracic cage and abs muscles

4

posterior border of abs wall

L1-L5

5

lateral border of abs wall

12th rib
psoas muscle
blabla

6

the lines that dissect the abs into 4 quadrants meet at

umbilicus (L3 or L4)

7

a plane that passes through the lower margin of 10th rib

subcostal plane

8

a plane that traverses the pubic tubercle @ L5

transtubercular plane

9

a plane hafway between the jug notch and pubic bone @ 9th costal cartilage, L1

transpyloric

10

structures that pass thru the transpyloric plane

gall
liver
pylorus
duodenum
pancreas
kidney
spleen

11

structures found in the umbilical region

jejunum
ileum
stomach
kidney

12

scar representign teh ttachment of the fetal cord

umbilicus

13

where is umbilcus situated

linea alba

14

the natural cleavage lines of the skin in the abs run

doward forward

15

blood supp of skin near midline

sup and inf. epigastric arteries

16

blood supp skin in lumbar

lumbar
deep circumflex iliac
intercostal

17

blood supp skin in inguinal

superficial epigastric
superfic. circumflex iliac
superficial pudendal arteries

18

venous drainage of higher abs

axillary vein via lateral thoracic

19

venous drainage of lower abs

femoral vein via superfic. epigas. vein and great saphenous vein

20

cutaneous innervation of the abs wall

anterior rami of lower 6 thoracic and 1st lumbar
(lower 5 IC nerve, subcostal, iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal)

21

the superficial fatty layer

fascia of camper

22

the deep membranous layer

scarpa's fascia

23

in the midline inferiorly, the scarpa's fascia ______

forms a tubular sheath for the penis or clit

24

fsacia found below perineu, entering scrotum or labia majora wall

Colle's fascia

25

the superior epigastric artery enters the ____ and descends behind _____

rectus sheath
rectus muscle

26

the inferior epigastric artery is a branch of the

external iliac artery

27

the inf. epigastric artery pierces what

fascia transversalis

28

difference of inf. epigastric and deep circumflex iliac artery

inf - upward and medially
deep circumflex - upward and alterally

29

connect the network through the umbilicus and along the ligamentum teresto the portal vein

paraumbilical veins

30

the ____ venous drainage drain into the internal thoracic and external iliac vein

deep

31

the lower 6 thoracic nerves initially pierce the ___ and ends by piercing the ____

posterior wall of rectus sheath
anterior wall

32

the 1st lumbar nerves pierce _____

external oblique aponeurosis

33

what pierces the external oblique aponeurosis

1st lumbar nerves

34

dermatome found in epigastrium over the xiphoid process

T7

35

dermatome that includes the umbilicus

T10

36

dermatome that lies just above the inguinal ligament and symphysis pubis

L1

37

superficial lymph drainage

anterior axillary
superficial inguinal

38

deep lymph drainage

drains into internal thorcaic, external iliac, posterior medistinal and para-aortic nodes

39

thin layer of fascia lining the transversus abdominis and continuous with a layer lining the diaphragm and iliacus muscle

fascia transversaliss

40

what forms the femoral sheath

fascia transversalis
fascia iliaca

41

thin layer of conenctive tissue with fat between transversalis and parietal peritoneum

extraperitonal fat

42

thin serous membrane that lines the walls of the abdomen

parietal peritoneum

43

action of pyramidlis

tenses linea alba

44

common action of abs

compresses abs content

45

common insertion of abs

xiphoid

46

triangular-shaped defect, lies immediately above and medial to pubic tubercle

superficial inguinal ring

47

what passes through the superficial inguinal ring

spermatic cord or round ligament of uterus

48

lower border of the aponeurosis that folded backward on tiself between ASIS and pubic tubercle

inguinal ligament

49

extends backward and upward to the pectineal line on the superior ramus of the pubis from the medial end of the inguinal ligament

lacunar ligament

50

sharp free crescentic edge of the lacunar ligament

femoral ring

51

continuation of the lacunar ligament with a periosteum thickening at the pectineal line

pectineal ligament

52

where ung free border ng internal oblique

lower free border

53

where ung free border ng external oblique

posterior

54

muscle fibers carried by the spermatic cord as it passes under the lower border of the int oblique

cremaster muscle

55

the posterior borders of the tranversus are attached to the

lumbar vertebra

56

lateral margin forming a curved ridge

linea semilunaris

57

muscle often absent, lies in front of the lower part of the rectus abdominis

pyramidilis

58

long fibrous sheath enclosing the rectus abdominis and pyramidilis

rectus sheath

59

the rectus sheath contains

anter. rami
sup. and inf. epigastric
lymph vessels

60

at the level of ASIS, free curved lower border in the posterior wall

arcuate line

61

where the epigastric vessels enter the rectus sheath

arcuate line

62

conjoint tendon =

internal oblique + transversus abdominis

63

superior wall of inguinal canal

arching lowerst fibers of interal oblique and transversus

64

inferior wall of inguinal canal

upturned lower edge of the inguinal ligament and lacunar ligament

65

wall that lies opposite the deep inguinal ring

anterior wall of inguinal canal

66

wall that lies opposite the superficial inguinal ring

posterior wall of inguinal canal

67

this allows structures to pass to and from the testis to the abdomen

inguinal canal

68

this allows the round lgiament of uterus to pass fom the uterus from to the labia majus

inguinal canala

69

the inguinal canal extends from __ to ____

deep inguinal ring
superficial inguinal ring

70

oval opening in the fascia transversaliss

deep inguinal ring

71

the margins of the deep inguinal canal gives attachment to the

internal spermatic fascia
internal covering of the ligament of the uterus

72

medial to the deep inguinal canal

inferior epigastric canal

73

margins of the superficial inguinal ring

crura

74

the crura give attachment to the

external spermatic fascia

75

superolateral border of the hesselbach triangle

inf. epigastric vessels

76

inferior border of the hesselbach triangle

inguinal ligament

77

medial border of the hesselbach triangle

linea semilunaris/rectus sheath

78

structures found in the spermatic cord

vas deferens
testicular artery and vein
lymph vessels
autonomic nerves
processus vaginalis
genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve

79

the thick walled muscular duct in the vas deferens transports

spermatozoa from epididymis to the urethra

80

the testicular artery is a branch of the ___________ that branches off at the level of

abdominal aorta
level of L2

81

veins that leave the posterior border of the testis

pampiniform plexus

82

the pampiniform plexus at the level of the deep inguinal ring ____

forms single testicular vein

83

what autonomic fibers are in the spermatic cord

sympa fibers

84

remains of the ___ are seen in the spermatic cord

processus vaginalis

85

nerve that supplies the cremaster msucle

genital branch of genitofemoral nerve

86

which spermatic cord covering is derived from fascia transversalis

internal spermatic cord

87

which spermatic cord covering is derived from internal oblique aponeurosis

cremasteric fascia

88

which spermatic cord covering is derived from external oblique aponeurosis

external oblique fascia