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Flashcards in GI Tract Deck (61):
1

Muscle fibers of the esophagus

Striated upper 3rd
Smooth lower

2

Commencent of esophagus

Laryngopharynx @ C6

3

Termination of esophagus

Esophagogastric junction @ T10

4

3 constrictions of the esoph

Cervical
Thoracic
Diaphragmatic

5

Anterior to the rsoph

Post surface of liver left lobe

6

Posterior to the esoph

Left crus of diaph

7

Esoph's relation to vagus

LARP

8

Bld supp of esoph

Left gastric

9

Venous drain of esoph

Left gastric vein (to portal vein)

10

innervation of esoph

sympa branch from sympa trunk
ante and poste gastric nerve

11

lymph drainage of esoph

left gastric node

12

this serves as the physio gastroesopageal sphincter

circular smooth muscle

13

sphincter closure is under ____ control and is augmented by ____

vagal/vagus
gastrin

14

the stomach mucous membrane is thrown into numerous folds called

rugae

15

the muscular wall of teh stomach ia mde up of

longi, circular, oblique fibers

16

the stomach can store up to _____ of food

1.5 L

17

the stomach mixes food with f=gastric secretionsto form

chyme

18

openings of the stomach

cardiac
pyloric

19

thisforms the anatomic sphinceter at the pyloric orifice

circular muscle coat

20

two curvatures of the stomach

greater
lesser

21

extends from upper prat of teh greater curvature to the spleen

gastrosplenic ligament

22

from lower part of greater curvature to the trasnverse colon

greater omentum

23

suspends the stomach to the liver

lesser omentum

24

parts of the stomach

fundus
body
pyloric antrum
pylorus

25

dome shaped, full of gas and project upward to the left of the cardiac orifice

fundus

26

extends from level of cardiac orifice to the incisura angularis

body

27

the body of the esophagus extends from the level of the cardiac orifice to the ______

incisura angularis

28

this part of the stomach extends from incisura angularis to the pylorus

pyloric antrum

29

the lower limit of the body of teh stomach

incisura angularis

30

most tubular part of the stomach

pylorus

31

pylorus cavity

pyloric canal

32

anterior to the stomach

anterior abdominal wall
left costal amrgin
left plaeura and lung
diaphragm
liver left lobe

33

posterior

lesser sac
diaphragm
spleen
left suprarenal gland
upper part of left kidney
splenic artery
pancreas
transverse colon

34

blood supp of stomach

left gastric
right gastric
short gastric
left gastroeiploic
right gastroepiploic

35

left gastric artery is from

celiac artery

36

right gastric artery is from

hepatic artery

37

short gstric artery is from

splenic artery

38

the left gastric artery supplies what

lower 1/3 of espoh and upper right part of stomach

39

the rght gastric artery supplies

lower right of stomach

40

the short gastric artery supplies

fundus

41

the fundus is supplied by the

short gastric from splenic artery

42

artery that supplies lower right part of stomach

right gastric frolower m hepatic

43

supplies the 1/3 of esoph and upper right part of stomach

left gastric artery

44

the left gastroepiploic artery is from

splenic

45

the right gastroepiploic artery is from

hepatic artery (gastroduodenal branch)

46

left gastroepiploic artery supplies

stomach along upper part of greater curve

47

right gastroepiploic artery supplies

stomach along lower part of greater curve

48

lower part of greater curve is supplied by

right gastroepiploic

49

upper part of greater curve is supplied by

left gastroepiploic

50

venous drainage of stomach

left and ight gastric vein
splenic
sup mesenteric

51

the left adn right gastric artery drain into

portal vein

52

the short gastric and left gastroepiploic vein drain into

splenic vein

53

right gastroepiploic vein drains into

superior mesenteric vein

54

the lymph nodes drain into the

celiac nodes and celiac artery root

55

nerve supply of stomach

sympa fibers (from celiac plexus)
parasympa fibers (vagus)
ant. vagal trunk
poste. vagal trunk

56

in the stomach, the vagus is _______ to ______ and ____ to _____

secretomotor to gastric glands
motor to stomach muscular wall

57

formed in the thorax from left vagus nerve

anterior vagal trunk

58

formed in thorax from right vagus nerve

posterior vagal trunk

59

hepatic branch passes to the liver, with pyloric branch pass down to the pylorus

ante. vagal trunk

60

which branch of ante vagal trunk passes to the liver

large hepatic branch

61

which branch of the ante vagal trunk pass down to the pylorus

pyloric branch