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Britain c1785-1875 > Abolition of the Slave Trade > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abolition of the Slave Trade Deck (27)
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1

When was the slave trade abolished?

1807

2

Who brought the bill to Parliament?

William Wilberforce

3

How many bills did Wilberforce take to Parliament before it was passed?

15 (including 1807)

4

What did Thomas Clarkson do?

Collected items about the slave trade in a box to support his argument

5

Who used their religious beliefs to JUSTIFY being a slave owner?

John Pinney

6

Which religious groups contributed to abolition?

Quakers, evangelists, Methodists and Unitarians

7

Who was an early leader of the Methodists?

John Wesley

8

Which evangelist group did Clarkson and Wilberforce belong to?

Clapham Sect

9

Which church's idea was to spread abolition message to working people?

Methodists

10

What was the strongest anti-abolition group?

Society for Affecting Abolition of the Slave Trade

11

What religious groups made up the SFAAOTST?

9 Quakers and 3 evangelists

12

What did Josiah Wedgwood do?

Designed, manufactured and distributed abolition medallions. A humanitarian approach

13

How many petitions were presented to Parliament regarding abolition in 1792?

519

14

How many copies of the Quakers' anti-slavery petition were sold by 1784?

10,000

15

What year was the Haitian Revolution?

1791

16

How much money did city Merchants in Liverpool lose due to the risky nature of investing in the slave trade?

£700,000

17

Which act improved conditions (doctor on board, restrictions on slave quantity) on slave ships?

The Dolben Act, 1788

18

Whose presence gave the cause significant gravitas?

Olaudah Equiano

19

How many MPs were associated with the Society by 1800?

50+

20

What percentage of slave ships had rebellions by the 1790s?

10%

21

What profits would a slave owner receive per voyage?

20-50%

22

Why did slavery wane towards the end of the 1700s?

Industrial revolution provided less risk and an alternative source of commerce

23

What did Clarkson publish in 1786?

Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species

24

What did Equaino publish in 1789?

The Interesting Narrative of the Live of Oludah Equiano

25

How many branches of the Society did Clarkson help found?

1200

26

What did the 1799 Slave Regulation Act achieve?

Secured terms of Dolben Act (1788) permanently

27

How many killed in the Haitian Revolution (1791)?

12,000