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Britain c1785-1875 > Parliamentary Democracy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Parliamentary Democracy Deck (41)
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1

What percentage of population could vote before 1832?

11%

2

How many eligible voters were there in the constituency of Dunwich?

Only 14

3

Political reasons for 1832 Reform Act?

Whigs come into government in 1830; resignation of Lord Liverpool (mediator in emancipation debate); William IV becomes King in 1830 and agrees to grant Whigs 50 more peers to pass the act

4

Social reasons for 1832 reform Act?

Riots in Bristol and Nottingham; rapid population growth outdated system

5

Bristol riots key figures

£300,000 worth of damages
12 killed in riots
102 arrested
31 sentenced to death

6

Economic reasons for 1832 Reform Act?

Poor harvests of 1828/ 1829 sparked fear of revolution; GNP growth led to less authoritarian leadership

7

Changes the 1832 Reform Act brought

Extended franchise to 18% of adult males, voter registration, 56 boroughs disenfranchised, 42 new boroughs created

8

Who was Prime Minister when the act was passed?

Lord Charles Grey (Whig)

9

Who's resignation in 1827 split the Tories?

Lord Liverpool

10

6 points of people's charter?

Universal manhood suffrage, secret ballot, no conditions for standing as MP, payment for MPs, equally sized constituencies and annual parliaments

11

When was the London Woking Men's Association founded?

1836

12

Chartist petitions to Parliament

1839 - 1 million signatures
1842 - 3 million
1848 - 5 million

13

Which Chartist leader published his views in the Northern Star?

Feargus O'Connor

14

Who founded the Metropolitan Charter Union?

Henry Hetherington

15

Which Chartist opposed O'Connor's conduct?

William Lovett

16

Strengths of Chartism?

Nationwide, clear set of goals, charismatic leaders, large support

17

Weaknesses of Chartism?

Divided/ambiguous leadership, lack of MPs to support them, spies inside organisation, too many demands

18

Social reasons for 1867 Reform Act?

Population grew from 24 million to 31 million (1821-1861) - many could not vote, Hyde Park riots in 1866

19

Political reasons for 1867 Reform Act?

Party rivalry - Tories and Whigs both wanted to look good, National Reform Union had 150 branches, will from within Parliament (3 previous failed reform bills)

20

What did Benjamin Disraeli do?

Saw political reform as a vote winner and introduced the 1867 bill to parliament

21

Who attempted (but failed) to pass a reform bill in 1866 when he was PM?

William Gladstone (whig)

22

Changes after 1867 Reform Act?

Franchise increased to 2.5 million
7 seats transferred from England to Scotland
Lowered property value for voting eligibility
45 seats taken from boroughs with less than 10K people

23

Where did the 1867 act fail?

No secret ballot
Unfair seat distribution
South and East over represented

24

Features of democracy before reform?

Unpaid MPs, only wealthy could stand, only wealthy could vote, no secret ballot in elections, some areas not represented

25

Consequences of 1832 Reform Act?

Removed injustices of old democratic system, extended franchise to recognise the growth of a 'middle class', recognition of growing industrial cities, change only to appease public clamour, growth of Chartism

26

When was the Great Exhibition?

1851

27

When were the Hyde Park Riots?

1866

28

Population of Manchester and Birmingham in 1831 (no MPs)?

Manchester: 182,000
Birmingham: 144,000

29

Early reform movements by the people?

1792 Sheffield Society's petition for manhood suffrage had 10,000 signatures; 100,000 people attend London Corresponding Society's demonstration 1795

30

Peterloo Massacre key facts?

August 1819
Attracted 60,000 protesters
18 killed
400+ injured