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Britain c1785-1875 > Poverty and Pauperism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poverty and Pauperism Deck (35)
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1

First Poor Law Act?

1601

2

When was the Poor Law Amendment Act?

1834

3

How many Poorhouses existed in 1766?

2,000 + (w/ 20-50 inmates each)

4

What was Gilbert's Act (1782)?

Only orphaned children or those who physically could not work were admitted to Poorhouses

5

What was the Speenhamland System?

Value of relief given was tied to the cost of a loaf of bread, number of children and wages

6

When was the Royal Commission formed?

1st February 1832

7

Two members of the Royal Commission?

Nassau Senior and Edwin Chadwick

8

Which organisation offered a blueprint for workhouses?

National Charity Company (utilitarian)

9

How much of GDP (as a percentage) was spent on poor relief between 1814 and 1820?

2%

10

How many workhouses built by 1839?

350

11

Cost to build a single workhouse?

£6,200

12

1862 - cost to keep one pauper in workhouse compared to giving them outdoor relief?

Workhouse: 4s 8d
Outdoor: 2s 3d

13

Provisions of first Poor Laws?

Parish of birth looks after poor, compulsory poor rate, creation of overseers of relief, poor relief rate collected from property owners

14

Workhouse conditions

10 hour working day, no alcohol or drugs, diet was bread and gruel, workers forced to wear uniform, segregation of men and women

15

Provisions of new poor law?

Poor relief to only be given in workhouses, up to £20 fine for failing to comply

16

How much did population increase by between 1815 and 1831?

6 million

17

When were the Napoleonic Wars?

1793-1815

18

Average cost of poor relief per year 1814-18?

£6.4 million

19

Cost of poor relief in 1834?

£7 million

20

Wages for people in urban areas 1803?

12 shillings a week

21

Who criticised the old poor law in 1786?

Joseph Townsend in Dissertation on the Poor Laws
Thought it encouraged idleness

22

What act was passed in 1817?

Poor Employment Act - public money spent to employ poor in public works

23

Which act allowed elected committees to scrutinise relief claims?

Act for the Regulation of Parish Vestries (1818)

24

Recommendations of the Royal Commission?

Remove outdoor relief, use gruelling workhouses as a deterrent, group parishes together, creation of central board to implement changes

25

What did Thomas Paine believe?

Wrote Rights of Man (1791)
Wanted Pension provision for 50+, and child benefit of £4 per year for under 14s

26

What was passed in 1836 that affected poor relief?

General Prohibitory Order banning outdoor relief

27

Prominent members of Anti-Poor Law Movement in the South?

Media: The Times
Politicians: Robert Peel and Duke of Wellington
The people: Riots in 1835 in Bedfordshire, Kent and Suffolk

28

Prominent members of Anti-Poor Law Movement in the North?

Radical Tory reformers Michael Sadler and Richard Oastler

29

When was the Andover workhouse scandal?

1845

30

Number of workhouses built 1834-40 and 1851-66?

1834-40: 402
1851-66: 100