Flashcards in Poverty and Pauperism Deck (35)
First Poor Law Act?
When was the Poor Law Amendment Act?
How many Poorhouses existed in 1766?
2,000 + (w/ 20-50 inmates each)
What was Gilbert's Act (1782)?
Only orphaned children or those who physically could not work were admitted to Poorhouses
What was the Speenhamland System?
Value of relief given was tied to the cost of a loaf of bread, number of children and wages
When was the Royal Commission formed?
1st February 1832
Two members of the Royal Commission?
Nassau Senior and Edwin Chadwick
Which organisation offered a blueprint for workhouses?
National Charity Company (utilitarian)
How much of GDP (as a percentage) was spent on poor relief between 1814 and 1820?
How many workhouses built by 1839?
Cost to build a single workhouse?
1862 - cost to keep one pauper in workhouse compared to giving them outdoor relief?
Workhouse: 4s 8d
Outdoor: 2s 3d
Provisions of first Poor Laws?
Parish of birth looks after poor, compulsory poor rate, creation of overseers of relief, poor relief rate collected from property owners
10 hour working day, no alcohol or drugs, diet was bread and gruel, workers forced to wear uniform, segregation of men and women
Provisions of new poor law?
Poor relief to only be given in workhouses, up to £20 fine for failing to comply
How much did population increase by between 1815 and 1831?
When were the Napoleonic Wars?
Average cost of poor relief per year 1814-18?
Cost of poor relief in 1834?
Wages for people in urban areas 1803?
12 shillings a week
Who criticised the old poor law in 1786?
Joseph Townsend in Dissertation on the Poor Laws
Thought it encouraged idleness
What act was passed in 1817?
Poor Employment Act - public money spent to employ poor in public works
Which act allowed elected committees to scrutinise relief claims?
Act for the Regulation of Parish Vestries (1818)
Recommendations of the Royal Commission?
Remove outdoor relief, use gruelling workhouses as a deterrent, group parishes together, creation of central board to implement changes
What did Thomas Paine believe?
Wrote Rights of Man (1791)
Wanted Pension provision for 50+, and child benefit of £4 per year for under 14s
What was passed in 1836 that affected poor relief?
General Prohibitory Order banning outdoor relief
Prominent members of Anti-Poor Law Movement in the South?
Media: The Times
Politicians: Robert Peel and Duke of Wellington
The people: Riots in 1835 in Bedfordshire, Kent and Suffolk
Prominent members of Anti-Poor Law Movement in the North?
Radical Tory reformers Michael Sadler and Richard Oastler
When was the Andover workhouse scandal?