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Flashcards in Absolution And Constitutionalism Deck (59):
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Absolute monarchs

Unlimited power

1

Factors that strength and Royal powers

Medieval wars killed many aristocrats, middle-class supported the monarch, Reformation gave Monarch power that used to be in the church

2

Divine right of kings

Godly, king ruled by God's authority, obedience to King equals obedience to God, King could do no wrong

3

Louis the 13th

Became king at age 9,

4

Cardinal richeliey

King Louis's chief minister, absolute monarchy, destroying nobles castles in order to weaken their power, transfer local government

5

Louis the 14th

Crown at age 5, rained for 72 years, represented the height of absolution is him, unlimited political power, the sun king

6

Palace of Versailles

Demonstrated power well glory of France

7

Philip II

Habsburg, Spain

8

Philip II economic developments

Almost emptied Spanish treasure you with more costs, income from America declined, declined into economic crisis never fully got out

9

Phillip II Religious political our class conflicts

Spain fell from his highest peak, lost the Spanish Armada, in the Netherlands he been Protestantism and killed Protestants

10

Philip II foreign policy

Planned enterprise of England, lost Spanish Armada, want to conquer the Netherlands

11

James I

England, Stuart

12

James the first form policy

War with Spain, reformist tensions with church, peace treaty with Spain, 30 years war, pro Spanish policy

13

James the first religious political in class conflicts

Purify the church, wanted to make prayerbooks, Scott's revolted because of the church, tends to roll without Parliament

14

James the first economic developments

Trade between England and Spain, attempted to restore Royal finances from church to pope

15

Louis XIV

France Bourbon

16

Louis XIV economic developments

Fannon, many people died of diseases, unemployment went up, not advanced technology

17

Louis XIV religious political or class conflicts

Ridiculous price of bread like to violent attacks, Catholic Protestant week, destruction of churches, persecuting Protestants

18

Louis XIV foreign-policy

Many wars, hated, annexing independent here Tories, inherited Spanish throne, grand alliance with France and the US

19

Maria Teresa

Austria empress of holy Roman Emperor, Habsburg

20

Maria Teresa economic developments during rain

Increased taxes, raised tariffs to protect goods produced in Austria

21

Maria Teresa religious political or class conflicts

First Silesian Wars, conservative Catholic, seven years war, didn't retain Silesia

22

Maria Teresa form policy

Sack Sony, Sweden, Russia are her allies, waged war, want to expand military, hates Frederick

23

Frederick the great

Russia, Hohenzollern

24

Frederick the great economic developments

Strict supporter of the merchantilism , Collected high tariffs, didn't see interest in finding a fleet

25

Frederick the great religious political or class conflicts

Seven years war, expanded and increased size, excepted all religions

26

Frederick the great foreign-policy

Marched into Selicia, withdrew from work, involved in seven years war, Trudy of Westminster with Great Britain

27

Ivan the Terrible

Russia, Vasilyavich

28

Ivan the Terrible economic developments

Slow down development and possible growth of independent political structures, military success at great cost of people

29

Ivan the terrible religious political or class conflicts

Appointed selected counsel, search for Traders, religious man to advise him, corruption military church, divorced wife

30

Ivan the Terrible foreign-policy

Appointments to top position based on birth rank, strong ambition, became involved in a lot of wars

31

Peter the Great

Czar of Russia, Romanov

32

Peter the Great economic developments

Eliminated slavery, remove power from Nobles and made them landowners, tax beers and sleeves European dress became more popular

33

Peter the great political religious or social conflicts

Created a new capital in Russia St. Petersburg, wanted to separate the church and state, gave land reforms to landlords to support Russian economy

34

Peter the great foreign-policy

Clashed with Charles, defended Sweden in great Northern war, lost battles against Ottomans, treaty of 1721 Gained place in European waters

35

Catherine the great

Empress of Russia, Auguste

36

Catherine the great economic developments

Adopted Lassie ferry, let stuff happen, development of trade and exporting, loan Bank for merchants, introduced paper money salt tax decreased

37

Catherine The great religious political or class conflicts

Simulate religions, classed Orthodox meant ministries, church lost importance

38

Catherine the great foreign-policy

Northern accord, Russia, Prussia, Poland, Sweden, gained a lot of land, gained a piece of Poland, gained access to Black Sea

39

The Holy Roman Empire

I can Federation of many principles including independent cities, duties and elected Emperor

40

Who won the first phase of the 30 years war

Catholics

41

Who won the second phase of the 30 years war

Catholics

42

Gustavus

Won 2 important bottles for the Protestants

43

Richelieu

Subsided the Swedes

44

Fourth phase of 30 years war

Richelieu declared war on Spain because he was concerned Hotspur what rebound

45

Peace of Westphalia

Trudy is that concluded the 30 years war in 1648

46

Reconquista

The campaign that drove Muslims from Spain

47

Inquisition

Used to investigate nonbelievers and Christianity

48

El Greco

The Greek, expressive through paintings, painting show deep Catholic faith

49

Don Quixote

Birth of modern Europe written by Miguel, written about Hero it night night's coat and chivalry

50

What year was the Spanish Armada

1588

51

Restoration

This is what the time was called because Charles the second restored monarchy

52

Habeas corpus

Gave every prisoner the right to obtain and specify charges

53

Glorious Revolution

Bloodless overthrow of King James because it was good for London

54

William and Mary coronation vows

Recognize Parliament as their partner in governing

55

Constitutional monarchy

Laws limiting the power of the ruler

56

English Bill of Rights

No suspension of Parliament laws, no levying of taxes without grant from Parliament, no interfering with freedom of speech and pregnant and no penalty for a citizen who petitions the king about grievances

57

Cabinet

A group of government ministers or officers

58

Prime minister

Leader of the majority