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3015 Professional Nursing Concepts and Practice > ABX > Flashcards

Flashcards in ABX Deck (70)
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1

Broad spectrum PCN

Ampicillin

2

Interesting SE of ampicillin

Black tongue (thrush)

3

How is Ampicillin taken?

Empty stomach w/ water

4

Important Rx interactions w/ ampicillin?

Tetracycline - decreases the effectiveness

Allopurinol/Probencid - decreases elimination AND increases concentraion (effectiveness)

5

Which PCN combo is taken PO?

Amoxicillin/Clavulante

6

How is cefalozin taken?

With food

7

Purpose of cefalozin?

Presurgery Prophylaxis

8

Important Rx interactions w/ cefalozin?

Vancomycin and Aminoglycosides

9

What are alternatives to PCN allergies?

Impenem-Cilastatin
Vancomycin (PCN resistant)
Erythromycin

10

What class is cefalozin?

Cephalosporin

11

What class is Impenem-Cilastatin?

Carbapenems

12

Which Rx affect Liver Fx?

Impenem-Cilastatin

13

What class is Aztreonam?

Monobactams

14

Does Aztreonam work on GN or GP organisms?

GN and gentler on NF

15

Important Rx interactions w/ Aztreonam?

Aminoglycosides (Renal)
Furesemide (INC conc/effectiveness)

16

What class is gentamicin?

Aminoglycosides

17

Purpose of prescribing gentamicin?

Serious GN or anaerobic infections

18

Important gentamicin SE?

Ototoxic (permanent)
Nephrotoxic

19

Important RX interactions w/ gentamicin?

If combo w/ PCN - decrease dose
Vancomycin
Amphotercin B
Loop Diuretics

20

What class is Ciprofloxacin?

FLQ

21

What class is tetracycline hydrochloride?

Tetracyclines

22

What class is TMP-SMX?

Sulfonamides

23

What Rx is for anthrax infections/prophylaxis?

Ciprofloxacin

24

What Rx is associated with tendonitis/Achilles tendon rupture?

Ciprofloxacin

25

What Rx is associated with tooth discoloration?

Tetracycline hydrochloride
CI <8yo and PREG

26

What Rx is preferred for Pneumocystis Jiroveci (HIV inf)?

TMP-SMX

27

What medications are preferred for UTI's?

TMP-SMX
Nitrofurantoin

28

What medications are CI for PEDS?

Ciprofloxacin (Not 1st L)
TMP-SMX (<2mo - kernictus)
Tetracycline Hydrochloride (Tooth discoloration)

29

What Rx prolongs QT Interval?

Ciprofloxacin

30

What Rx if combined w/ another Rx requires ACHS?

TMP-SMX and Sulfonylureas