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Flashcards in Accents Deck (17):
1

What did john ayto believe

Cockney rhyming slang originally used by criminals and beggars
Has become idiomatic due to social mobility
Gave the accent connotations of criminals

2

What did milroy do

Studied 3 inner city working class communities in Northern Ireland
High density social networks had the strongest accents

3

What did Paul Kerswill find

Dialect levelling is caused by interaction with other speech varieties converging, reducing diversity

4

What did labov due

Studied the use of prestigious rhotic r in New York
Saks, s klein and macys
Asked a question which would require the answer "fourth floor"
Saks used the most prestigious variant
Macys used it less frequently but showed the greatest upper shift

5

What are different attitudes to regional accents

Liverpudlian - most friendly
Geordie - sexist
Welsh and Essex - thought to hinder a career
Pilots with RP accents are more reassuring

6

What did Howard Giles do

Students listened to lectures about capital punishment from different accents
Somerset, welsh, brummie, rp
RP was found to be the most impressive
Students were persuaded by the regional accents

7

How did RP spread

Spread in 1840s due to railway networks
Spread through boarding schools

8

What did dialectologist A J Ellis Believe

RP is the educated pronunciation of the metroplolis

9

What did wells find

Uppercrust, mainstream, adoptive

10

What did gimson find

Conservative, general, advanced

11

What percent of the population speaks RP

2%

12

What is estruary English

A mix between cockney and RP spoken to avoid stigma of either accent






13

What is MLE

Multi cultural London English

14

What did fox find about MLE

MLE is identified with adolescents and is spread by media and music

15

Who and where is MLE spoken

Younger generation in east London

16

What are the main influences of MLE

Popular culture e.g. Rap music
Post war immigration from developing countries

17

What are features of MLE

G dropping
Th fronting
Use of man in place of first person singular I
New vocabulary constantly coined