Flashcards in Acute and Chronic Diarrhea Deck (23):
diarrhea in adults =
infectious etiologies of acute diarrhea
salmonellosis - typhlocolitis
potomac horse fever
rotavirus in foals
infectious etiologies for chronic diarrhea
PE (keep in the back of your mind for DDx)
4 clinical syndromes of salmonella
depression, fever, anorexia, neutropenia and no diarrhea
enterocolitis with diarrhea
what is the rule for sneding into isolation?
2 of 3
fever, neutropenia, diarrhea
Risk factors for PHF
near water - trematodes, snails
Who does PE (lawsonia) normally hit? what wuill you see?
3-7 month old weanlings, but can hit adults.
see ill thrift, weight loss, etc.
Fever and hypoalb in adults is a key-on
Tx and Prog of lawsonia PE
DXC and very good to treat
DDx of Chronic Diarrhea
Idiopathic eosionophilic colitis
Classic CLinical signs of chronic diarrhea
when do we need a definitive dx for diarrhea/
Etiology of PHF
With the fecal sample what to do to rule in/out some pathogens
serology - lawsonia, neorick
settle for sand
ELISA - CLost diff and perfringens
PCR - clost toxins
If chronic diarrhea, what is a good idea to do
Rads only use for diarrhea is
US only use for diarrhea is
thickened colonic wall
Which is better, d glucose or d xylose test
d-glucose is sensitive but not specific
d xylose is great (doesn't affect insulin, but is by renal function), but labs don't often run it.
DDx list for positive D_Glucose test
IBD - LP, E, MEED
chronic colitis (salmonella)
in prevent diarrhea problems, what is an important thing to do?
address the feet and put them in ice
What do you never give to horses ever?
How do they treat endotoxemia?
Polymixin B, but is nephrtoxic and comes in on EDR
When are fibrinogen levels bad?