Acute respiratory failure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Acute respiratory failure Deck (12):
1

Consequences for acute resp failure?

Hypoxia and rapid deterioration

2

Types of Resp failure?

Type 1 and 2

3

Type 1

Hypoxaemia with low/norm PCO2

4

Type 2

Hypoxaemia with increased PCO2

5

How to we determine acute resp failure? (Investigation)

ABG

6

What are ABG values which determine resp failure?

PO <60, PCO >50 mmHg while breathing room air

7

List some causes of acute resp failure

Pulmonary - all the pneum things
Interstitial - ILD
NMD - GBS, Depressed level of consciousness

8

How do we assess ARF?

Work of breathing
Hypoxia
Ventilation
Speak sentences/cough ability

9

How do we assess work of breathing?

Vitals: RR, HR
Use of accessory muscles
Soft tissue recession

10

Causes of Resp failure?

Acute pulmonary oedema
Asthma
Pneumonia
Pneumothorax
COPD
PE!

11

Management

Oxygenation!
?Ventilation

12

How much oxygen to give?

High flow oxygen of 10L/min through mask for majority of patients