ADHD and Autism Flashcards
what are the dx criteria for ADHD?
- persistent symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with funciton or development
- several symptoms were present before age 12
- several symptoms were present in 2 or more settings
- clear evidence that symptoms interfere with, or reduce the quality of , social, acedemic, or occupational functioning
- symptoms are not better explained by another doctor
what are the 5 autism spectrum disorders?
- autistic disorder
- pervasive developmental disorder NOS
- asperger disorder
- rett syndrome
- disintegrative disorder of childhood
ADHD subtype that has criteria met for inattention but not for impulsivity/hyperactivity
ADHD predominantly INNATENTIVE type
ADHD subtype that has criteria met for impulsivity/hyperactivity but not for inattention
ADHD predominanty hyperactive-impulsive type
ADHD subtype that has criteria me for both inattention and impulsivity/hyperactivity
ADHD combined type
what are the two core domains of autism?
- communication and social intervention have been combined
- repetitive/restricted behavior
what must be specified when talking about autism spectrum disorder?
regarding autism spectrum disorder, what is severity level 1?
“requiring support” - without supports, deficits are noticable impairments
regarding autism spectrum disorder, what is severity level 2?
“requiring substantial support”, deficits are apparent even with supports
regarding autism spectrum disorder, what is severity level 3?
“requiring very substantial support” - severe deficits causing marked impairment in abilities
to be dx with autism spectrum disorder, you must have 2 of the following:
- stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects, or speech
- insistence on sameness, infexible, rituals
- highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity
- reactivity to sensory output
what is the most common presenting complaint of autism spectrum disorder?
- delayed language
* few or no words, impaired comprehension, jargon
seen in autism spectrum disorder, stereotypes (hand flapping, rocking), perserverance in activities (very focus on one thing), rigid or infexible routines (meltdown if not)
restricted range of activities
what is the normal intelligence level of a person with autism?
-30% are less than 70, but verbal IQ poor even with overall average intelligence
- often overly sensitive to auditory and visual stimuli
what are the contraindications to ADHD meds for the dental provider?
*so make sure they take meds on day of appointment