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Flashcards in Adrenal Disorders Deck (12)
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1

Primary Adrenal Insufficiency

Addison's disease

2

Addison's disease

partial or complete failure of adrenocortical function

3

what does Addison's disease result in?

decreases production of cortisol and aldosterone

4

etiology of Addison's disease

autoimmune processes, infection, neoplasm or hemorrhage

5

signs and symptoms of Addison's disease

BROWN HANDS

Brown pigmentation
Reduced strength
Orthostatic hypotension
Weight loss
Neurosis (anxiety, sadness or depression, anger, irritability, mental confusion, low sense of self-worth)
Hyponatremia
Anorexia
Nausea
Dehydration
Sudden death

6

Secondary adrenal insufficiency

result from prolonged steroid therapy, rapid withdrawal of drugs and hypothalamic or pituitary tumors

7

signs and symptoms of Cushing's syndrome

MORE CUSH

Moon face
Osteoporosis
Retention of water
Elevated BP
Central Obesity
Unusual menstruation
Skin Striae
Hypernatremia and Hyperglycemia

8

Cushing's syndrome

results from chronic and excessive production of cortisol from the adrenal cortex

9

etiology of Cushing's syndrome

over administration of corticosteroids
benign or malignant adenomas

10

Cushing's disease etiology

pituitary tumor w/ increased secretion of ACTH

11

PT implications for Cushing's syndrome and disease

caution 2nd to impaired wound healing/bruised easily

slow progressive WB and precautions w/ mobilization 2nd to osteoporosis

12

PT implications for Addison's disease and secondary adrenal insufficiency

slow progression of exercise

medication complications w/ long term steroid use (similar to Cushing's)

fall risk 2nd to hypoglycemia and ortho hypo