Adverbios y Expresiones de Frecuencia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Adverbios y Expresiones de Frecuencia Deck (19):
1

[Gramática]

Reglas generales de colocación

[Grammar]

General rules of placement

  • Adverbs: Before the main verb or after the verb "to be"

"I usually go running before having breakfast". "I'm always late"

  • Adverbs: If there are more than one verb (modal or verbal tenses), after the first or auxiliar verb

"I can never have breakfast before 9.00". "I've never been to London"

  • Adverbs: Before the main verb in negative and

interrogative sentences

"I don't usually get up after 8.00". "Haver you ever been to London?"

  • Expressions with "once", "twice", ... at the end of the sentences.

"I study English twice a week"

  • Frequency expressions (such as "every ...", "most ...", ...), can be placed at the beginning or at the end of the sentences. At the beginning, it must be followed by ",".

"His best friend comes to visit her every morning"

2

 

Siempre

 

"Mi novia siempre se despierta antes que yo"

 

Always /ˈɔːlweɪz/

 

"Mi girlfriend always wakes up before me"

Note: It can be placed at the beginning in imperative sentences

3

 

Muy a menudo

 

"Mi hermana cuidaba muy a menudo de mi cuando yo era más joven"

 

Very often /ˈverɪ ˈɒfən/

 

"Mi sister looked me after very often when I was younger"

Note: It is placed at the end of the sentence

4

 

A menudo

 

"Yo solía jugar al fútbol a menudo cuando era pequeño"

 

Often /ˈɒfən/

 

"I often used to play soccer when I was young"

5

 

De forma frecuente, frecuentemente

 

"Ojalá pudiera viajar de forma frecuente"

 

Frequently /ˈfriːkwəntlɪ/

 

"I wish I could travel frequently"

Note: it can be placed at the beginning or at the end of the sentence to emphasize.

6

 

Normalmente, generalmente, de forma normal, de forma general

 

"Normalmente me dicho justo después de levantarme"

 

Usually /ˈjuːʒʊəlɪ/, Normally /ˈnɔːməlɪ/

Generally /ˈdʒenərəlɪ/

 

"I usually (have a) shower just after getting up"

Note: it can be placed at the beginning or at the end of the sentence to emphasize.

7

 

A veces

 

"A veces me gusta beberme chocolate caliente por las tardes"

 

Sometimes

 

"I sometimes like drinking hot chocolate in the evenings"

Note: it can be placed at the beginning or at the end of the sentence to emphasize.

8

 

Ocasionalmente

 

"Voy al cine ocasiomalmente porque cada vez se está poniendo más caro"

 

Occasionally /əˈkeɪʒnəlɪ/

 

"I go to the cinema occasionally because it's getting more and more expensive"

Note: it can be placed at the beginning or at the end of the sentence to emphasize.

9

 

Alguna vez

 

"¿Has estado alguna vez en Nueva York?"

 

Ever /ˈevəʳ/

 

"Have you ever been to New York?"

10

 

Rara vez, raramente

 

"Bebo café rara vez porque me pongo nervioso"

 

Rarely /ˈrɛəlɪ/, Seldom /ˈseldəm/

 

"I rarely/seldom drink coffee because I get nervous"

11

 

Casi nunca

 

"Casi nunca salgo a cenar porque no tengo suficiente dinero"

 

Hardly ever /ˈhɑːdlɪ ˈevəʳ/

 

"I hardly ever eat out because I haven't got enough money"

12

 

Muy rara vez, muy raramente

 

"Muy raramente cojo la moto cuando llueve"

 

Very rarely  /ˈverɪ ˈrɛəlɪ/, very seldom /ˈverɪ ˈseldəm/

 

"I take my motorbike very rarely when it rains"

Note: It is placed at the end of the sentence

13

 

Nunca, jamás

 

"Nunca he comido comida india"

 

Never /ˈnevəʳ/

 

"I've never eaten Indian food"

Note: It can be placed at the beginning in imperative sentences

14

 

Todos los / cada (hora, día, semana, mes, año, ...)

 

"Debo ir a trabajar todos los días aunque no quiera ir"

 

Every (hour/hourly, day/daily, week/weekly, month/monthly, year/yearly/anually, ...)

 

"I must go to work every day although I don't want to"

15

 

Una vez (al día, a la semana, al mes, ...)

Dos veces (cada hora, ...)

Tres veces (o más) (al año, ...)

 

"Yo salgo a correr dos días a la semana"

 

Once /wʌns/ (a day, a week, a month, ...)

Twice /twaɪs/ (an hour, ...)

Three / four / ... times /taɪms/ (a year, ...)

 

"I go running twice a week"

16

 

De vez en cuando, a veces, de cuando en cuando, cada cierto tiempo, alguna que otra vez, ...

 

"Me gusta probar comida mexicana de vez en cuando"

 

Every so often /ˈevrɪ səʊ ˈɒfən/

From time to time /frɒm taɪm tʊ|tuː|tə taɪm/

(Every) once in a while /(ˈevrɪ) wʌns ɪn ə waɪl/

(Every) now and again /(ˈevrɪ) naʊ ən|ænd əˈgen/

(Every) now and then /(ˈevrɪ) naʊ ən|ænd ðen/

 

"I like tasting Mexican food every so often"

17

 

Una y otra vez

 

"Cometo los mismos errores una y otra vez"

 

Again and again /əˈgen ən|ænd əˈgen/

Over and over (again)/ˈəʊvəʳ ən|ænd ˈəʊvəʳ (əˈgen)/

Time and again /taɪm ən|ænd əˈgen/

 

"I make the same mistakes again and again"

18

Por lo general, la mayoría de las veces, por lo común, generalmente

 

"Por lo general es el maestro el que decide cuando termina la clase"

 

More often than not /mɔːʳ ˈɒfən ðæn nɒt/

 

"More often than not, the teacher is who decides when the class finishes"

19

 

La mayoría de (las horas, los días, las semanas, ...)

La mayoría de las veces / del tiempo

 

"La mayoría de las veces apenas puedo entender lo que dice"

 

Most (hours, days, weeks, ...)

Most of the time

 

"Most of the time, I hardly can undterstand what he's saying"