Ageing Flashcards Preview

Y2 LCRS 2 - RDA > Ageing > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ageing Deck (13):
1

Define ageing

Ageing is the process of growing older - biological, phsyiological and social

2

Define life expectancy

statistical measure of how long a person can expect to live

3

What are the main theories of ageing?

Programmed
Damage/error

4

What are the challenges of ageing affecting society?

Working life/retirement balance
Extending HEALTHY OLD AGE not just life expectancy
inadequate or absent health service
medical system designed for single acute diseases

5

What is frailty?

Loss of biological reserve
multiple organ systems
Vulnerability and physiological decompensation and functional decline after a stressor event

6

What are the non-specific presentations of frailty?

Falls
reduced motility
recurrent infections
confusion
weight loss
"not coping"
iatrogenic harm

7

What is multimorbidity and what is it addociated with?

Two or more chronic conditions

Worse QoL
more functional impairment
burden of treatment
polypharmacy

8

What is polypharmacy and what is it associated with?

taking lots of drugs

falls
longer stay
delirium
mortality

9

What is iatrogenic harm?

adverse drug reactions
nosocomial infections
falls
psychological/ cognitive damage

10

What assessment is used for older people?

Comprehensive geriatric assessment

multidisciplinary assessment
problem list
plan

11

What are the key physical and congnitive changes in the brain associated with ageing?

more prominent sulci and ventricles
lose grey and white matter

slower processing of info
can't divide attention as well
reduced executive functions

12

What are the key issues with cognitive assessment of older adults?

Hearing and visual impairment may limit testing
physical problems
most assume numeracy, literacy, basic cultural knowledge
depression can masquerade as dementia
not valid in acute illness
normal cognitive changes may affect results

13

What is frailty associated with?

increased risk of falls
worse disability
care home admission
death