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Flashcards in Agencies NPS Preservation Deck (20):

"The best idea America Ever Had"

Wallace Stegner-National Parks


"The national park idea has been nurtured by each succeeding generation of Americans. Today, across our land, the National Park System represents America at its best"

George Hartzog
NPS Director 1964-1972


"There is nothing so American as our national parks.... The fundamental idea behind the that the country belongs to the people, that it is in process of making for the enrichment of the lives of all of us."

Franklin Roosevelt


"The establishment of the National Park Service is justified by considerations of good administration, of the value of natural beauty as a National asset, and of the effectiveness of outdoor life and recreation in the production of good citizenship."

Theodore Roosevelt


Secretary of the Interior

was Sally Jewell, now Ryan Zinke


NPS Director

Jon Jarvis current


How many acres make up the NPS?

84.4 million acres, of which more than 4.3 million acres remain in private ownership.


What is the largest area of the NPS?

Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. At 13,200,000 acres it is 16.3 percent of the entire system


Smallest area of the NPS?

Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial, Pennsylvania, at 0.02 of an acre


Total of National Parks



Total of National areas



What do National Park areas include?

national parks, monuments, battlefields, military parks, historical parks, historic sites, lakeshores, seashores, recreation areas, scenic rivers and trails, and the White House.


What is the origin of the National Park Service arrowhead?

The arrowhead was authorized as the official National Park Service emblem by the Secretary of the Interior on July 20, 1951. The Sequoia tree and bison represent vegetation and wildlife, the mountains and water represent scenic and recreational values, and the arrowhead represents historical and archeological values. It was registered Feb. 9, 1965, by the U.S. Patent Office as the official emblem of the NPS


Early Parks before Yellowstone

Boston CommonsNational Capital Parks - 1790 Central Park (778 acres)- New York - 1857 Yosemite Land Grant - 1864


National Park Service Mission Statement

“ conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.”


"The parks do not belong to one state or to one section.... The Yosemite, the Yellowstone, the Grand Canyon are national properties in which every citizen has a vested interest; they belong as much to the man of Massachusetts, of Michigan, of Florida, as they do to the people of California, of Wyoming, and of Arizona.”

Stephen T. Mather NPS Director, 1917-1929:
First Director of the NPS


...that the national park system, which began with establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872, has since grown to include superlative natural, historic, and recreation areas in every major region of the United States...

General Authorities Act, 1970 (84 Stat. 825)


National Park Service Founding Fathers

Stephen Tyng Mather
Robert Sterling Yard
Franklin Lane-Secretary of Interior
Horace Albright


National Park Act

– August 25, 1916


Create the first law to protect cultural resources
The first use of the Act protected a large geographic feature – President Roosevelt proclaimed Devils Tower

Antiquities Act of 1906