Flashcards in Agencies BLM Multiple Use Deck (22):
The BLM manages how many acres of Federal Land?
245 million surface acres with 700 million subsurface=
945 million acres
Regulate and manage grazing and mineral extraction on Federal lands.
Provide for recreation on lands not managed by the National Park Service.
Provide wildland fire fighting services for private landowners near federal lands.
Manage federal timber resources not held by the US Forest Service.
The BLM’s mission
Director since 2014
Most of BLM land is how many states?
12 western states w/ Nevada containing 67%
Louisiana Purchase (1803),
Oregon Territories (1846),
Mexican War (1848),
Alaska purchase (1867),
Displacement of Native Americans
established means to sell federal lands
Land Ordinance of 1785
Sold public land at $1.25/acre (80 acre lots)
General Land Office (1812)
for development of arid west; 160 acres free, if you cultivate it for 5 years
Homestead Act (1862)
created in 1849 to manage federally owned lands
Department of Interior
advocated withdrawal of timberlands from disposal programs
Interior Secretary Carl Schurz (1877-1881)
allowed for presidential declaration of forest reserves
General Revision Act 1891
creates Forest Reserves
established to develop water resources of arid west
Bureau of Reclamation (John Wesley Powell)
Established public grazing districts
Created Grazing Service (U.S. Dept. of Interior) to manage range leases. Aimed to reduce overgrazing through a system of districts and allotments. Ended homesteading in all states but Washington and Alaska (effectively ending land disposal era)
Taylor Grazing Act of 1934
combines Grazing Service and General Land Office into Bureau of Land Management
President Truman 1946
Inventory and classification of Interior lands for either disposal or retention.
Commission asserted that vast majority of interior lands should be retained and managed by federal government.
1964 Public Land Law Review Commission
mandates that BLM manages public land resources for a variety of uses, such as energy development, livestock grazing, recreation, and timber harvesting, while protecting a wide array of natural, cultural, and historical resources
Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976
The modern BLM’s “organic act”
System includes 221 Wilderness Areas totaling 8.7 million acres, as well as 16 National Monuments comprising 4.8 million acres
National Landscape Conservation System
The BLM’s annual budget >$1 billion Workforce of about 10,000 full-time employees.The BLM is one of a handful of Federal agencies that generates more revenue for the United States than it spends.
Permanent federal agency, with director appointed by President
Multiple use/sustained yield mandate
Multiple use councils to balance out stock owners voice Required comprehensive long-range planning
Grazing fees subject to review and increase
Provide for outdoor recreation and human occupancy and use
Responsible for wildland fire management and suppression on 388 million acres
The most “multiple use” of all federal agencies
Manages activities on 245 million acres (about one-eighth of the US land Base)