Flashcards in Cultural Resources Deck (12):
Cultural resource examples
“devoted or dedicated to a deity or to some religious purpose; consecrated. Entitled to veneration or religious respect by association with divine things.”
“a cumulative body of knowledge and beliefs, handed down through generations by cultural transmission, about the relationship of living beings with another and their environment.”
Traditional Ecological Knowledge
Defining a problem
Collecting data through observation and experimentation
Formulating and testing of a hypotheses
Allow the indigenous cultures equal responsibilities in the management of cultural resources on public land.
Power sharing and decision-making
native indigenous cultures were moved out of the park. Who were they? Bannock, Shoshone, Crow, Blackfeet, Lakota, Nez Perce, and Flathead
1872 Yellowstone National Park Act
“to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for future generations.”
National Park Service Organic Act of 1916
governs the excavation of archaeological sites on federal and Indian lands in the U.S. and the removal and disposition of archaeological collections from those sites.
Archeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 (a.k.a. ARPA)
Act requires federal agencies and institution that receive federal funding to return Native American “cultural items” to lineal descendants and culturally affiliated Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian... Cultural items include human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects and objects of cultural patrimony.
Repatriation Act of 1990 (a.k.a. NAGPRA)
"ensures that interests in religious freedom are protected."
Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993
images created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art. Outside North America, scholars often use terms such as "carving", "engraving"