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Flashcards in AH2 first exam Deck (47)
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1

Artemisia Gentileschi

female, painted Judith Beheading Holofernes. Influenced by Caravaggio

2

Gianlorenzo Bernini

Baroque artist, architect and sculptor. Sculpted St. Teresa, the statue of David in mid-action, St. Peter's Basilica and Square; Cornaro Chapel. Appointed Vatican Architect in 1629.

3

Caravaggio

Painted "Calling of St. Anthony", create "tenebrism" style which is sharp contrast of light and dark.

Murdered a guy

4

Michelangelo

Renaissance. Early work was a marble Pieta, where he slipped into church at night to sign his name on the Virgin's strap. Sculpted the tall lean statue of David. Most famous is his painting of the Sistine Chapel, including "Crreation of Adam", and "Last Judgement" which he painted 30 years later.

5

Velasquez

Baroque. painted Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor) where he is seen 3 times in the piece. Was a court painter for royalty, incorporating king and queen. Inspiration for King and Queen in mirror came from "Double Portrait..." by Jan van Eyck.

6

Leonardo Da Vinci

Renaissance. Italian Painted "Last Supper" on wall in dining room of the Monastery of Sta. Maria in Milan. Uses "Buon Fresco", true fresco. Uses one-point linear perspective. Also has Chiaroscuro

Self-educated. Painter/architect/inventor.

"Mona Lisa", which uses Sfumato, smokey haze. Located in Lourve. Took influence from Roman Verism.

"Vitruviaun Man", inspired by Roman architect Vitruvius. Body should be 8 heads high, goes with idea of Humanism.

7

Raphael

Renaissance. Painted "The School of Athens" in the Vatican. Buon Fresco.

8

Titian

Renaissance.
"Venus of Urbino", dog in picture represents fidelity.

9

Tenebrism

type of chiaroscuro, forms highlighted from pervasively dark background. Used by Caravaggio, later by others like Gentileschi.

10

Ghiberti

Renaissance. First came to attention by winning competition of reliefs of Bapistery of Florence, sculpting "Sacrifice of Isaac"

Later made "Gates of Paradise" doors on Bapistery of San Giovanni in Florence, specifically "Jacob and Esau"

11

High Relief

Relief sculpture that comes out over half way from wall.

12

Donatello

Early Renaissance. Created young Statue of David in bronze.

13

Medici

most powerful family of Renaissance in Florence, Italy. Specifically Cosimo Medici.

14

Orthogonals

lines running back perpendicular to the picture plane, used in linear perspective.

15

Atmospheric Perspective

suggest 3D space in 2D picture as objects in distant become less distinct becoming whiter or bluer.

16

Linear Perspective

Uses orthogonals, horizon line and vanishing point, used in pieces like Last Supper. Creates illusion of space and distance on a flat surface.

17

Brunelleschi

early Renaissance. First appeared losing to Ghiberti in Competition of Reliefs. Went on to become architect.

Father of Perspective

"Dome of Florence Cathedral", created after rest of church, was safer and needed no buttressing. Won competition for design of dome. One of the great renaissance architects.

18

Vanishing Point

point at which parallel lines are made to recede and meet, used in linear perspective.

19

Jan Van Eyck

early Renaissance.

"Double Portrait of a Giovanni Arnolf and his wife", artist from North, known for their use of color.

Also made large Polyptch called Ghent Altarpiece

20

Renaissance

"Rebirth", Renaissance was rebirth of Classic Art and Culture.

21

Cats and Dogs

Cats seen as infidelity/promiscuity, as cats are sneaky

Dogs seen as Fidelity, as dogs are loyal.

Dogs seen in "Double Portrait" and "venus of urbino"

22

Les Tres Riches Heures

"Very Sumptuous Hours", by Pol, Herman and Jean Limbourg (Limbourg Brothers). Early Renaissance piece, made for the Duke of Berry. This page is a FOLIO. also known as The Book of Hours, an illuminated manuscript.

23

Diptych

A painting/relief with two pieces of equal size connected.

24

Intaglio

technique to engrave on metal, in which lines are incised into the plate with tools called burins.

25

Robert Campin

early Renaissance. Went by the name Master of Flamalle, created the "Merode Altarpiece" (Triptych of the Annunciation)

26

Picture Plane

Spatial plane corresponding with the actual surface of a painting

27

Matte

dull

28

woodcut

draws design on smooth block of wood, gouges away area around lines, leaving them in high relief. Then piece of paper pressed down on inked surface

29

Engraving

used on metal, uses intaglio technique. Ink is applied to lines cut in, then surface is wiped away clean, and then placed under a piece of paper.

30

Glazing

transparent layer of paint