Flashcards in AH2 first exam Deck (47)
female, painted Judith Beheading Holofernes. Influenced by Caravaggio
Baroque artist, architect and sculptor. Sculpted St. Teresa, the statue of David in mid-action, St. Peter's Basilica and Square; Cornaro Chapel. Appointed Vatican Architect in 1629.
Painted "Calling of St. Anthony", create "tenebrism" style which is sharp contrast of light and dark.
Murdered a guy
Renaissance. Early work was a marble Pieta, where he slipped into church at night to sign his name on the Virgin's strap. Sculpted the tall lean statue of David. Most famous is his painting of the Sistine Chapel, including "Crreation of Adam", and "Last Judgement" which he painted 30 years later.
Baroque. painted Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor) where he is seen 3 times in the piece. Was a court painter for royalty, incorporating king and queen. Inspiration for King and Queen in mirror came from "Double Portrait..." by Jan van Eyck.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Renaissance. Italian Painted "Last Supper" on wall in dining room of the Monastery of Sta. Maria in Milan. Uses "Buon Fresco", true fresco. Uses one-point linear perspective. Also has Chiaroscuro
"Mona Lisa", which uses Sfumato, smokey haze. Located in Lourve. Took influence from Roman Verism.
"Vitruviaun Man", inspired by Roman architect Vitruvius. Body should be 8 heads high, goes with idea of Humanism.
Renaissance. Painted "The School of Athens" in the Vatican. Buon Fresco.
"Venus of Urbino", dog in picture represents fidelity.
type of chiaroscuro, forms highlighted from pervasively dark background. Used by Caravaggio, later by others like Gentileschi.
Renaissance. First came to attention by winning competition of reliefs of Bapistery of Florence, sculpting "Sacrifice of Isaac"
Later made "Gates of Paradise" doors on Bapistery of San Giovanni in Florence, specifically "Jacob and Esau"
Relief sculpture that comes out over half way from wall.
Early Renaissance. Created young Statue of David in bronze.
most powerful family of Renaissance in Florence, Italy. Specifically Cosimo Medici.
lines running back perpendicular to the picture plane, used in linear perspective.
suggest 3D space in 2D picture as objects in distant become less distinct becoming whiter or bluer.
Uses orthogonals, horizon line and vanishing point, used in pieces like Last Supper. Creates illusion of space and distance on a flat surface.
early Renaissance. First appeared losing to Ghiberti in Competition of Reliefs. Went on to become architect.
Father of Perspective
"Dome of Florence Cathedral", created after rest of church, was safer and needed no buttressing. Won competition for design of dome. One of the great renaissance architects.
point at which parallel lines are made to recede and meet, used in linear perspective.
Jan Van Eyck
"Double Portrait of a Giovanni Arnolf and his wife", artist from North, known for their use of color.
Also made large Polyptch called Ghent Altarpiece
"Rebirth", Renaissance was rebirth of Classic Art and Culture.
Cats and Dogs
Cats seen as infidelity/promiscuity, as cats are sneaky
Dogs seen as Fidelity, as dogs are loyal.
Dogs seen in "Double Portrait" and "venus of urbino"
Les Tres Riches Heures
"Very Sumptuous Hours", by Pol, Herman and Jean Limbourg (Limbourg Brothers). Early Renaissance piece, made for the Duke of Berry. This page is a FOLIO. also known as The Book of Hours, an illuminated manuscript.
A painting/relief with two pieces of equal size connected.
technique to engrave on metal, in which lines are incised into the plate with tools called burins.
early Renaissance. Went by the name Master of Flamalle, created the "Merode Altarpiece" (Triptych of the Annunciation)
Spatial plane corresponding with the actual surface of a painting
draws design on smooth block of wood, gouges away area around lines, leaving them in high relief. Then piece of paper pressed down on inked surface
used on metal, uses intaglio technique. Ink is applied to lines cut in, then surface is wiped away clean, and then placed under a piece of paper.