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Flashcards in First Quiz Deck (45)
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1

Modeling

Creating the illusion of 3D on a 2D surface using light and shade

2

Corbeling

Wall made of stone without the use of mortar; found at Newgrange

3

Primary Colors

Three colors that can be used to create every other color, from which all the colors are derived; Red, Blue, Yellow

4

Stele of Hammurabi

Sunken relief at the top, text on the bottom; the text denotes the laws of Hammurabi, a memorable one basically "eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth"

5

Chauvet

Oldest cave painting, southeastern France. Contains "WALL PAINTING WITH HORSES, AUROCHS(ANCIENT OXEN), AND RHINOCEROSES". Discovered in 1994.

6

Akhenaten

Originally named Amenhotep IV, ruled from 1353-1336 bce. New Kingdom pharoh Founded new religion honoring single god, the life giving sun disk Aten. Akhenaten means literally "One who is effective on behalf of Aten". Change in artistic convention to reflect new religion. Wife Nefertiti. Builds new capital between Giza & Thebes, names it Akhetaten. Period he rules in is known as Amarna Period. Artwork depicts him with elongated form, protruding stomach, feminine features.

7

Nonrepresentational Imagery

Does not depict a recognizable subject matter

8

Stele of Naram-Sin

employs Hieratic Scale, depicts Naram-Sin bigger than everyone else walking above people holding weapons like a spear and wearing a helmet with horns. Tells the story of his important military victory. c. 2254-2218 bce

9

Medium

The material or materials from which a work of art is made.

10

Composition

Arrangement of forms in a work of art

11

Formal

Forms of art or formal analysis

Relates to the forms of art

12

Newgrange

in Ireland, renovated by Michael O'Kelly. Constructed using corbeling. Contains sunbox, built with winter solstice in mind. circa 3000-2500 bce: Neolithic

13

Form

Visual components of art.
Line
Shape
Color
Light
Texture
Space
Mass
Volume
Composition

Also relates to 3d art

14

Periods of Prehistoric Art

Paleolithic
Mesolithic aka Paleo/Neo overlap
Neolithic

15

Pigment

Powdered color

16

Registers

Horizontal bands or rows

17

Photography

meaning 'light', pictures from light

18

Conventions

Traditional way of representing forms

19

Megaliths

large stone structures

20

Hieratic Scale

Relative size indicates relative importance

21

Palette

Used to store and mix paint while painting.
Ancient Egypt: flat stone used to grind and prepare makeup

22

Expressionism

Subjective viewpoint or feeling of artist in work of art.

23

Sculpture in the Round

Freestanding sculpture

24

Saturation

Intensity of color

25

Hatshepsut

First female pharoh, still portrayed in artwork as male. Declared self King Hatshepsut.Ruled in the New Kingdom

26

Texture

Actual or implied physical feel of a piece of art

27

Hue

Color

28

Linear

Uses lines as primary means of definiton.

29

Relief

Sculpture protruding from backdrop

30

Technique

The process that transforms the medium into a work of art