Funerary vessel, from Dipylon Cemetery. Part of the geometric style. Narrative, inside was offering for mourning. Was a grave marker, funerary rituals recorded in two bands/registers.
"Youth", young man, nude. Archaic
3 Orders of Ancient Greek Architecture
Doric, ionic, Corinthian
4 main periods/styles of Ancient Greek art
- Early: 480-450 bce
- High: 450-400 bce
- Late: 400-323 bce
4)Hellenistic 331-323 bce
Counter positioning/Counter balance Way to articulate figure so it looks natural. Originated in Classical Period.
High classical. Would have large statues in Cella. In bad shape due to natural disaster and area invaded.
The Elgin Marbles
High Classical. Wet drapery technique. We're supposed to be in Pediment of Parthenon. Was removed from Parthenon by British ambassador. Took them and sold once he became bankrupt.
Three goddesses part of Elgin Marbles, which use Wet Drapery technique.
Spear Bearer (Doryphoros)
Classical due to restrained facial expressions. Demonstrates contrappasto at legs.
Aphrodite of Melos
Hellenistic. Also known as Venus de Milo. Over exaggerated in midsection.
Hellenistic, high drama. Indicates pathos. 1st Century CE.
Nike of Samothrace
Hellenistic. Clear movement in sculpture, fragmentary. Circa 180 bce.
Dying Gallic Trumpeter
Hellenistic. Shows pathos and emotions. Brings hero down to our level.
Etruscan art. Figures of people added much later in 15-16th century. Metaphor for Romans nourishing off Etruscans, metaphor for how Rome created their culture. C. 500 bce
Room with small shallow indoor pool for drinking cooking and bathing, fed by rainwater through roof.
Slow drying plaster easily modeled or molded
Large carved tomb chest
Columns that are attached to walls.
Trough to carry flowing water
Oblong wedge-shaped stone blocks used to build arches
An elongated or continuous semicircular vault shaped like a half cylinder
Created by the intersection of two barrel vaults of equal size, creating four compartments of identical size and shape
Architectural support built against an exterior wall to brace the wall and canter the thrust of the vaults
A circular opening at top of dome either open to the sky or covered by an exterior lantern
An interest in the faithful reproduction f the immediate visual and tactile appearance of subjects. Distinctly Roman.
Underground burial chamber. Earliest Christian art came from Catacombs
The central aisle of a basilica
A Large semicircular or polygonal Niche protruding from the end wall of a building
3 forms of decoration in Islamic Religious art
Writing - Kufic script
Floral patterns - vegetal
Formal script is Block and angular strong upright strokes and long horizontals Foliated knife has Leaves and flowers appear to sprout from letters Aimated scripts Created first by adding heads to upright strokes later by forming entire letters from figures. Named after kufa the city In iraq used for inscriptions on buildings metal, wooden objects textiles writing and ink on paper or Vellum
Imperial cipher developed into a calligraphic art form by the ottomans