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Flashcards in Final Art Exam Deck (48)
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1

Dipylon Krater

 

 

Funerary vessel, from Dipylon Cemetery. Part of the geometric style. Narrative, inside was offering for mourning. Was a grave marker, funerary rituals recorded in two bands/registers.

2

Kouros

"Youth", young man, nude. Archaic

3

3 Orders of Ancient Greek Architecture

Doric, ionic, Corinthian

4

4 main periods/styles of Ancient Greek art

1)Geometric 900-700bc

2)Archaic 600-480bc

3)Classical: 

  • Early: 480-450 bce
  • High: 450-400 bce
  • Late: 400-323 bce

4)Hellenistic 331-323 bce

5

Contrappasto

Counter positioning/Counter balance Way to articulate figure so it looks natural. Originated in Classical Period.

6

Parthenon

High classical. Would have large statues in Cella. In bad shape due to natural disaster and area invaded. 

7

The Elgin Marbles

High Classical. Wet drapery technique. We're supposed to be in Pediment of Parthenon. Was removed from Parthenon by British ambassador. Took them and sold once he became bankrupt.

Three goddesses part of Elgin Marbles, which use Wet Drapery technique.

8

Spear Bearer (Doryphoros)

Classical due to restrained facial expressions. Demonstrates contrappasto at legs.

 

9

Aphrodite of Melos

Hellenistic. Also known as Venus de Milo. Over exaggerated in midsection.

 

10

Market Woman

Hellenistic, high drama. Indicates pathos. 1st Century CE.

11

Nike of Samothrace

Hellenistic. Clear movement in sculpture, fragmentary. Circa 180 bce.

12

Dying Gallic Trumpeter

Hellenistic. Shows pathos and emotions. Brings hero down to our level.

13

She-Wolf

Etruscan art. Figures of people added much later in 15-16th century. Metaphor for Romans nourishing off Etruscans, metaphor for how Rome created their culture. C. 500 bce

14

Atrium

Room with small shallow indoor pool for drinking cooking and bathing, fed by rainwater through roof.

15

Stucco

Slow drying plaster easily modeled or molded

16

Sarcophagi

Large carved tomb chest

17

Engaged columns

Columns that are attached to walls.

18

Aqueduct

Trough to carry flowing water

19

Voussoirs

Oblong wedge-shaped stone blocks used to build arches

20

Barrel vault

An elongated or continuous semicircular vault shaped like a half cylinder

21

Groin vault

Created by the intersection of two barrel vaults of equal size, creating four compartments of identical size and shape

22

Buttress

Architectural support built against an exterior wall to brace the wall and canter the thrust of the vaults

23

Oculus

A circular opening at top of dome either open to the sky or covered by an exterior lantern

24

Verism

An interest in the faithful reproduction f the immediate visual and tactile appearance of subjects. Distinctly Roman.

25

Catacombs

Underground burial chamber. Earliest Christian art came from Catacombs

26

Nave

The central aisle of a basilica

27

Apse

A Large semicircular or polygonal Niche protruding from the end wall of a building

28

3 forms of decoration in Islamic Religious art

Writing - Kufic script

Geometric pattern

Floral patterns - vegetal

29

Kufic

Formal script is Block and angular strong upright strokes and long horizontals Foliated knife has Leaves and flowers appear to sprout from letters Aimated scripts Created first by adding heads to upright strokes later by forming entire letters from figures. Named after kufa the city In iraq used for inscriptions on buildings metal, wooden objects textiles writing and ink on paper or Vellum

30

Tugra

Imperial cipher developed into a calligraphic art form by the ottomans