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Flashcards in Airframe Chapter 09 Deck (20)
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What is the purpose of a torque link on an oleo strut?

To keep the wheel in alignment and prevent the piston from coming out of the cylinder.


A landing gear shock strut should be inflated with what gas(es)?

Nitrogen or dry air.


What condition should a mechanic look for during a regular inspection of the exposed piston section of a landing gear?

Cleanliness, evidence of damage, and proper extension.


What prevents air from leaking out between the two halves of a split wheel assembly?

An O-ring


Why are fusible plugs installed on some aircraft wheels?

To release the pressure generated by heat build up before a tire blows.


What safety precaution must be taken when removing a wheel from an axle or when disassembling a wheel?

Verify that the tire is completely deflated before removing a wheel from an axle or before wheel disassembly.


What are the visible a signs of excessive heating on a wheel bearing?

The bearing surface shows discoloration.


How are the pilot's nose wheel steering commands transmitted to the steering control unit of a large aircraft?

Steering signals may be transmitted mechanically, electrically, or hydraulically.


How is the nose wheel steering mechanism usually actuated on a small aircraft?

By means of a mechanical linkage connected to the rudder pedals.


What is the name of the unit that prevents a nose wheel from vibrating or oscillating?

A shimmy damper


What are the most common sources of power used to extend and retract landing gear?

Hydraulic pressure and electric motors.


At what time should a gear retraction check be performed?

During annual or other inspections and following a hard landing.


What mechanism ensure that a nose wheel is not turned as it retracts into its wheel well?

Internal centering cams in the strut or an external track.


Name several types of brake actuating systems.

Independent master cylinders, boosted brakes, and power controlled brakes.


What is the function of an anti skid system?

Anti skid systems allow large aircraft to achieve maximum braking efficiency without allowing wheels to skid or lock.


What is the purpose of a debooster?

To reduce hydraulic system high pressure to a lower value for a more satisfactory brake action.


Describe two methods of bleeding brakes.

A pressure pot can be attached to the bleeder valve and fluid forced back towards the master cylinder and/or reservoir, or the master cylinder can be used for forcing fluid from the reservoir to the brakes.


Before a brake system can be inspected for leaks, what action must be accomplished?

Pressure must be applied to the system.


What maintenance function has the greatest impact on tire service life?

Ensuring that the tires are properly inflated.


What effects does under inflation have on aircraft tires?

Internal heat damage possibly leading to premature tire failure, and more tread wear on the shoulders than in the center.