All-In-One Chapter 8 - Managing Project Quality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in All-In-One Chapter 8 - Managing Project Quality Deck (35):
1

Activity network diagram

these diagrams, such as the project network diagram, show the flow of the project work

2

Affinity diagram

this diagram breaks down ideas, solutions, causes and project components and groups them together with other similar ideas and components

3

Benchmarking

comparing any two similar entities to measure their performance

4

Cause-and-effect diagrams

diagrams that show the relationship between variables within a process and how those relationships may contribute to inadequate quality. The diagrams can help organize both the process and team opinions, as well as generate discussion on finding a solution to ensure quality.

5

Checklist

a simple approach to ensure that work is completed according to the quality policy

6

Control Chart

a quality control chart that maps the performance of project work over time

7

Cost of conformance

the cost associated with the monies spent to attain the expected level of quality. It is also known as the cost of quality

8

Cost of nonconformance to quality

the cost associated with not satisfying quality expectations. This is also known as the cost of poor quality

9

Cost-benefit analysis

a process to study the trade-offs between costs and the benefits realized from those costs

10

Design of experiments

an approach that relies on statistical scenarios to determine what variables within a project will result in the best outcome

11

External QA

assurance provided to the external customers of the project

12

Flowchart

a diagram illustrating how components within a system are related. Flowcharts show the relation between components, as well as help the project team determine where quality issues may be present and, once done, plan accordingly.

13

Internal QA

assurance provided to management and the project team

14

Interrelationship diagraphs

used for complex solutions where the causes and effects of problems and benefits are intertwined with one another

15

ISO

the abbreviation for the International Organization for Standardization.

16

Matrix diagram

a data analysis table that shows the strength between variables and relationships in the matrix.

17

Pareto diagram

a histogram that illustrates and ranks categories of failure within a project

18

Prioritization matrices

a table to rank and score project decisions and alternatives to determine the best solution for the project

19

Process decision program chart (PDPC)

helps the project team define all of the steps to get from the current state to a desired goal. It facilitates a conversation about what must be completed to reach the goal

20

Process improvement plan

a project management subsidiary plan that aims to improve the project, not just the end result of the project. It strives to identify and eliminate waste and non-value-added activities.

21

Quality

according to ASQ, the degree to which a set of inherent characteristics fulfills requirements

22

Quality assurance

a management process that defines the quality system or quality policy that a project must adhere to. QA aims to plan quality into the project rather than to inspect quality into a deliverable

23

Quality control

an inspection-driven process that measures work results to confirm that the project is meeting the relevant quality standards.

24

Quality management plan

the plan defines how the project team will implement and fulfill the quality policy of the performing organization

25

Quality metrics

the operational definitions that specify the measurements within a project and the expected targets for quality and performance

26

Quality planning

the process of first determining which quality standards are relevant to your project and then finding out the best methods of adhering to those quality standards

27

Rule of seven

a component of a control chart that illustrates the results of seven measurements on one side of the mean, which is considered "out of control" in the project

28

Run chart

a quality control tool that shows the results of inspection in the order in which they've occurred. The goal of a run chart is first to demonstrate the results of a process over time and then to use trend analysis to predict when certain trends may reemerge

29

Scatter diagram

a quality control tool that tracks the relationship between two variables over time. The two variables are considered related the closer they track against a diagonal line

30

Seven basic quality tools

these seven tools are used in quality planning and in quality control: cause-and-effect diagrams, flowcharts, checksheets, Pareto diagrams, histograms, control charts, and scatter diagrams

31

Statistical sampling

a process of choosing a percentage of results at random.

32

System or process flowcharts

flowcharts that illustrate the flow of a process through a system, such as a project change request through the change control system, or work authorization through a quality control process

33

Tree diagram

tree diagrams show the hierarchies and decomposition of a solution, an organization, or a project team. The WBS and an org chart are examples of tree diagrams

34

Trend analysis

the science of using past results to predict future performance

35

Work performance information

the results of the project work as needed. This includes technical performance measures, project status, information on what the project has created to date, corrective actions, and performance reports.